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Anglo Saxon Literature (449

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Anglo Saxon Literature (449 1066) II. Anglo Saxon Literature Introduction to British Literature 1. What literature is 2. Early Literature and the Epic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anglo Saxon Literature (449


1
Anglo Saxon Literature (4491066)
2
II. Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Introduction to British Literature
  • 1. What literature is
  • 2. Early Literature and the Epic

--characteristics of the epic
3
3. The Personality of England
  • a. Timeline of British Literature and Thought
  • 449 1066 1492 1660
    1790 1830 1914 1945
  • l____l_____l_____l___l___l___l___l___
  • Anglo- Medieval Rennais.
    Reason Rom. Victor. Mod.
    Anxiety
  • Saxon

4
b. Britains Island Personality
  • Strongly independent
  • Individual freedom
  • Anglo-Saxon heritage
  • worth of the individual)
  • Strongly traditional _____ system (medieval)
  • mistrust of the _________ class
  • ______ family into the 21st century

5
B. Anglo Saxon Literature
6
I. Anglo Saxon Literature (4491066)
  • IntroductionHistorical and Philosophical
    Background
  • 1. Germanic invasions (Britons Celts
    conquered by RomansRomans leaveGermanic
    barbarians invade
  • a. Angles
  • b. Saxons
  • c. Jutes

7
Germanic Invasions of the Angles, Saxons, and
Jutes
8
Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Primitive Heroic Ideal
  • a. Ideal of Kingly
  • behavior
  • b. The Warrior ideals
  • c. Goalwin enduring
  • fame

9
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Christianity and Written Culture Arrive
  • a. 597Augustine (no, not that one) arrives
    in England and brings writing and a new morality
  • --earlier Celts and Romans had been
    Christians
  • The Venerable Bede
  • Alfred, King of the West Saxons (871899)

10
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Old English Poetry
  • a. written literature in England begins in
    7th century
  • b. Before thatthe scop

11
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • c. Mead, mead halls, and mead hall lifestyle

12
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • d. The Spirit of Old English Poetry
  • 1. dark world little _________
    warrior life
  • 2. style (no romantic poetry)
  • 3. butOE poetry had
  • --extraordinary___________
  • --ironic __________________
  • --subtle and intense depiction of the
    nature
  • or realityno sentimentalitywyrd
    (____)

13
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Types of Anglo Saxon Literature
  • a. heroic epiclong narrative whose main
    character is THE EPIC HERO
  • --great bravery
  • --super human ability
  • --generosity

14
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • b. Elegiac lyricsexpress thoughts and

  • _________________
  • c. Riddlesguessing games
  • --shows Anglo Saxon love of

15
A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature
  • Style of LiteratureA--S Literary Techniques
  • alliteration
  • kenning
  • caesura
  • rhythm

16
B. Beowulf the earliest epic poem in English
17
B. Beowulf
  • Introduction
  • a. Great epic poem of the Anglo Saxon age
  • b. English writing about their Germanic
    forebears
  • c. originally oral (scops) but written down
    later (early 700s) by a Christian (the Beowulf
    poet)

18
B. Beowulf (introduction)
  • Beowulf is a profound mixture of two sets of
    values
  • 1. Anglo Saxon _________
  • Ideal
  • 2. Christian _______ and God

19
2. Meanings in Beowulf
  • Surface level
  • b. Not just about feuds but about a deeper
  • sense of evilwhat does Beowulf say about
    evil?
  • --the symbolism of the monster

20
2. Meanings in Beowulf (cont.)
  • C. What does Beowulf say about the Heroic Ideal?
  • --bravery is the instrument by which the hero
    realizes himself
  • --Hrothgar compared to Beowulfshows what?
  • --Beowulf meets his doom but not before he
    shows his ______________

21
2. Meanings in Beowulf
  • Philosophical level
  • --what does Beowulf say about
  • fate (wyrd)?
  • --sense of doom
  • knowledge of death
  • bravery and courage

22
2. Meanings in Beowulf
  • Psychological / archetypal level
  • 1. The heros journey (the monomyth)
  • 2. What does Beowulf say about being human?

23
Setting and Characters
  1. Herot
  2. Hrothgar
  3. Beowulf
  4. Grendel

24
3. Setting and Characters
  • Grendels mother
  • Swamp--
  • Dragon
  • Wiglaf--

25
4. Symbolism in Beowulf
  • Psychological
  • (swamp, Grendel, mother,
  • dragon)
  • Social
  • (Hrothgar, Beowulf,
  • Herot)
  • Universal (G., G.s mother,
  • the dragon, the treasure,
  • the tower

26
5. Conclusion
  • The Anglo Saxon people, like all people, were
    much like us, dealing with
  • --a dangerous and seemingly uncaring world
  • --what being human means
  • --what living with bravery and honor means
  • --battling the monsters that endanger us
  • They were our grandparents who lived in
    difficult times with pride and courage.
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