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Historic Supreme Court Cases

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Historic Supreme Court Cases Review 1. Slaves could not sue in federal courts because they were considered property and not citizens. Congress could not force new ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Historic Supreme Court Cases


1
Historic Supreme Court Cases
  • Review

2
  • 1. Slaves could not sue in federal courts because
    they were considered property and not citizens.
    Congress could not force new states to be slave
    or free states it was a reserved power.
  • Constitutional Issue Reserved powers

3
  • 2. Freedom of Speech could be limited during
    times of war if it presented a clear and present
    danger to the country.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    speech

4
  • 3. Outlawed prayer in public schools because they
    violated the establishment clause.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    religion

5
  • 4. School attendance laws violated freedom of
    religion by forcing Amish citizens to learn
    against their wills.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    religion

6
  • 5. The death penalty is constitutional if it is
    used for a crime that fits the penalty and
    factors other than race should be used.
  • Constitutional Issue 8th amendment cruel and
    unusual punishment.

7
  • 6. The death penalty is unconstitutional if it
    can not be proven that factors other than race
    were used.
  • Constitutional Issue 8th amendment cruel and
    unusual punishment

8
  • 7. This case ruled that the judicial branch had
    the power to review a law to see if it was
    constitutional (judicial review)
  • The constitutional issue Judicial Review

9
  • 8. Affirmative Action is constitutional for
    college admissions as long as race is not the
    only factor used for admission
  • Constitutional Issue 14th amendment equal
    protection of the law

10
  • 9. Law officials must notify accused persons of
    their rights when they are taken into custody.
  • Constitutional Issue 5th amendment
    self-incrimination.

11
  • 10. Declared that state laws requiring the
    separation of races was constitutional as long as
    the states provided separate but equal
    facilities.
  • Constitutional Issue Reserved Powers

12
  • 11. Evidence obtained by law officials in good
    faith is still admissible (usable) in court even
    if a search warrant shouldnt have been issued.
  • Constitutional Issue 4th amendment searches
    and seizures

13
  • 12. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and therefore
    outlawed segregation in public schools.
  • Constitutional Issue 14th amendment equal
    protection of the laws.

14
  • 13. State governments can not tax an agency of
    the federal government and the national bank is
    constitutional.
  • Constitutional Issue Supremacy Clause

15
  • 14. School officials only have to have
    reasonable cause to search students suspected
    of crimes on school grounds and do not need a
    search warrant to do so.
  • Constitutional Issue 4th amendment searches and
    seizures

16
  • 15. Students rights to freedom of speech can not
    be limited when they do not disrupt the learning
    process in schools.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    expression

17
  • 16. States can not regulate interstate trade
    because it is a power given to the federal
    government by the Constitution.
  • Constitutional Issue Expressed powers, Supremacy
    Clause

18
  • 17. Flag burning was constitutionally protected
    as a means of free expression.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    expression.

19
  • 18. Freedom of assembly could not be dismissed as
    disturbing the peace in order to break-up a
    protest.
  • 1st amendment freedom of assembly.

20
  • 19.States did not have to provide an attorney in
    criminal cases unless the accused person was on
    trial for a capital crime or there were special
    circumstances, such as illiteracy.
  • Constitutional Issue 6th amendment, right to an
    attorney

21
  • 20. Freedom of religion was constitutionally
    protected, but religious practices could not
    break the law.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    religion.

22
  • 21. The government can not limit freedom of the
    press for information that was given to
    newspapers voluntarily, if it does not violate
    national security.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    press

23
  • 22. The government could limit the freedom of
    citizens during times of war. Therefore the
    prison camps for Japanese Americans did not
    violate the Constitution.
  • Constitutional Issue 5th and 6th amendments
    Expressed powers

24
  • 23. State laws barring abortion are
    unconstitutional that ban abortions prior to the
    time that the baby can live without the mother.
  • Constitutional Issue 9th amendment right to
    privacy.

25
  • 24. States must follow the fourth amendment when
    gathering evidence and upheld the exclusionary
    rule, that evidence obtained illegally is not
    admissible in court.
  • Constitutional Issue 4th amendment searches and
    seizures

26
  • 25. The president can not use executive
    privilege to protect himself, but only for
    matters that affect national security.
  • Constitutional Issue Checks and Balances

27
  • 26. Law officials not only had to have a search
    warrant to enter a home, but evidence obtained
    without a warrant was inadmissible in court, the
    exclusionary rule
  • Constitutional Issue 4th amendment exclusionary
    rule.

28
  • 27. States must provide an attorney in all
    criminal cases even if the accused can not afford
    one.
  • Constitutional Issue 6th amendment right to an
    attorney.

29
  • 28. Schools do not violate the first amendment by
    controlling the content of school newspapers.
  • 1st amendment freedom of the press

30
  • 29. Students freedom of speech can be limited at
    school if it causes a disruption and when needed.
  • Constitutional Issue 1st amendment freedom of
    speech

31
1. Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)
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2. Schenk v. United States (1919)
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3. Engel v. Vitale (1962)
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4. Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)

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5. Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
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6. Furman v. Georgia (1972)
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7. Marbury v. Madison (1803)
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8. Univ. of California v. Bakke (1978)
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9. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
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10. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
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11. U.S. v. Leon (1984)
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12. Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
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13. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
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14. New Jersey v. TLO (1985)
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15. Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
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16. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
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17. Texas v. Johnson (1989)
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18. Gregory v. Chicago (1969)
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19. Betts v. Brady (1942)
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20. Reynolds v. U.S. (1879)
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21. NY Times v. U.S. (1971)
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22. Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
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23. Roe v. Wade (1973)
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24. Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
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25. U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
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26. Weeks v. United States (1914)
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27. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
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28. Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988)
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29. Bethel v. Fraser (1986)
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