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The Busy Life Of Bees

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The Busy Life Of Bees Bees, Bee Keeping & Honey Making Bee vocabulary Cell Worker bee Queen bee Drone bee Nectar Beehive Honey Wax Honey comb Types of Honey bees ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Busy Life Of Bees


1
The Busy Life Of Bees
  • Bees, Bee Keeping Honey Making

2
Bee vocabulary
  • Cell
  • Worker bee
  • Queen bee
  • Drone bee
  • Nectar
  • Beehive
  • Honey
  • Wax
  • Honey comb

3
Types of Honey bees
  • Worker bee
  • During the first two days of its life, a worker
    bee cleans its cell.
  • When they are three days old they feed the drones
    and larvae.
  • Workers have glands that produce wax. They shape
    the wax into the comb. During their last days in
    the hive they guard the entrance.
  • When the worker bee leaves the hive, during its
    travels it collects water, nectar, and pollen. A
    worker bee has ultraviolet vision which allows it
    to see patterns on flower petals which attract
    the workers to them.

4
Types of Honey bees
  • Queen Bee
  • A queen lays all the eggs.
  • For a queen to be born, the workers must feed
    the larva royal jelly. If a new queen is born,
    the old queen will kill it or leave with half of
    the hive colony. That is a bee swarm.
  • She lays her own weight in eggs every day in
    summer, from 1,500 2,400 eggs per day.
  • In her lifetime, she can lay over 600,000 eggs.
    Queen bees can live more up to six years, but her
    usual lifespan in a hive is two years.
  • The queen is fed by the worker bees, and eats up
    to 80 times her weight daily.

5
Types of Honey bees
  • Drone Bee
  • They are the male species.
  • The drones have big, strong wings.
  • Their only purpose in life is to mate with the
    female.
  • They have no stinger.
  • They make up 10 of the hive colony.
  • They use their strong wings for the mating
    flight. After the mating flight, the workers take
    care of the drones.
  • Before winter, the workers bite the wings off the
    drones, and kick them out of the hive since they
    are of no more use. They are left to die.

6
Communication
  • The principle form of communication among honey
    bees is through chemicals called pheromones.
  • They also communicate by vibration (BUZZZZZzzzz)
  • Bees are deaf to most sounds, and they are mute.
  • Worker bees alert other bees to nectar and pollen
    sources by doing a "waggle" dance, which explains
    direction and distance.
  • If the source is within 100 meters of the hive,
    the bees dance is in a circular shape. If it is
    further away than 100 meters, they dance a figure
    8.

7
Honey Production
  • The worker bees collect nectar (a sweet liquid
    found in flowers) from a variety of flowers. They
    must visit between 100 150 flowers in order to
    fill their stomachs

8
Honey Production
  • They use their long tube like tongue to suck the
    nectar from the flower.

9
Honey Production
  • The nectar then enters their honey stomach
    which is separate from their digestive stomach

10
Honey Production
  • When the nectar enters the stomach the sugar from
    the nectar reacts with enzymes to form two simple
    sugars. This is an important process in the
    making of honey

11
Honey Production
  • The nectar is stored in the stomach until they
    return to the hive.

12
Honey Production
  • When the bees get to the hive, they regurgitate
    the nectar into the cells or they pass it to
    other bees who put it into the cells

13
Honey Production
  • The next stage in the process of making honey
  • all the bees fan the nectar with their wings,
    which creates a draft and helps the excess water
    to evaporate. The nectar thus becomes thicker,
    and the high sugar concentration prevents
    fermentation. The honey at this stage is called
    ripe honey, and if removed from the hive and
    properly sealed, can have a long shelf life.

14
Honey Production
  • They continue with this process until the cells
    are full and then they put a wax cap over the
    cells

15
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vJpcpn5NX62c
  • How bees make honey ?

16
Why do bees need honey?
  • Bees store the honey in the hive and use it for
    energy
  • They store it through the winter months to keep
    warm
  • During the winter, workers and the queen form a
    tight cluster and metabolize the honey to
    generate heat.  This keeps the bees warm and
    protects them from the cold.  The temperature of
    the winter cluster typically stays around 29 C. 
    However, the colony will die if the honey supply
    runs short and the bees are unable to produce
    enough heat

17
Beekeeping
  • A person who breeds bees for the production of
    honey is called a Beekeeper

18
  • Beekeepers must wear a hooded suit with a veil to
    protect themselves from the bees

19
Harvesting honey
  • Beekeepers create homemade hives to gather the
    honey comb

20
Harvesting honey
  • They allow the bees to make the honey and when
    its the right time of year, the beekeepers
    collect the honey combs.

21
How do the beekeepers stay safe?
  • The beekeepers wear protective clothing
  • They also spray some smoke onto the hive before
    they collect it.
  • This makes the bees eat some honey and it calms
    them so they are less likely to sting

22
Collecting the honey
  • Some bee keepers check on the honey production
    and then place a bee escape over the hive.
    This allows the bees to leave but does not allow
    them to re-enter.
  • After a few days the beekeeper returns to collect
    the honey combs and there are very few bees

23
Collecting the honey
  • The beekeeper brings the honey comb inside
  • They use a special heated knife to take off the
    wax honey comb
  • They sometimes use a machine that spins the honey
    and puts it through a filter

24
Final Stage
  • The last and final stage is to bottle the honey
    and eat it!

25
Learn how to harvest honey
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v1XRHveGgYjQ

26
Health Benefits
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • burns
  • Leg ulcers
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Diarrhea and upset stomach
  • Prevents cancer and heart disease
  • Good for skin
  • Helps a sore throat
  • Helps with blood formation
  • babies younger than 1 year should not eat
    honey!!

27
Bee Jokes ?
  • Who is the bees favorite pop band?
  • -The Bee Gees ?
  • What did the bee say to the flower?
  • -Hello honey!! ?
  • What is the favorite fairytale in the hive?
  • -Beauty and the bees ?
  • Why did the bee go to the dermatologist?
  • -because he had bad hives ?
  • Why did the bee cross the road?
  • Just bee-cause! ?
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