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Measuring and Improving Corporate IT Performance through the Balanced Scorecard (Part 1)

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Measuring and Improving Corporate IT Performance through the Balanced Scorecard (Part 1) A GENERIC IT BALANCED SCORECARD BUILDING AN IT BALANCED SCORECARD Contents ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Measuring and Improving Corporate IT Performance through the Balanced Scorecard (Part 1)


1
Measuring and Improving Corporate IT Performance
through the Balanced Scorecard(Part 1)
2
Contents
A GENERIC IT BALANCED SCORECARD BUILDING AN IT
BALANCED SCORECARD
3
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4
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5
The Balanced Scorecard
  • Kaplan and Norton developed the balanced
    scorecard in the
  • early 90's
  • their idea traditional financial measures
    should be supplemented
  • with measures concerning customer satisfaction,
    internal processes,
  • and the ability to innovate
  • these additional measures should assure future
    financial
  • results and drive the organization towards
    its strategic goals
  • while keeping all four perspectives in balance
  • they propose a three layered structure for the
    four perspectives
  • - mission "to become our customers' most
    preferred supplier"
  • - objectives "to provide our customers with
    new products"
  • - measures "percentage of turnover
    generated by new products"
  • their BSC can be translated into the more
    specific needs of an
  • IT function

6
The Balanced Scorecard
How do we look to shareholders ?
Financial Perspective
Objectives
Measures
What must we excel at ?
How do customers see us ?
Internal Business Process Perspective
Customer Perspective
Objectives
Measures
Objectives
Measures
Learning and Growth Perspective
Objectives
Measures
Can we continue to improve and create value ?
Source Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton, 1994
7
The Balanced Scorecard
  • Customer Perspective
  • How do the customers view the company?
  • Mission
  • To deliver the best added value to the customer
  • Objectives
  • new products
  • partnership with customer
  • Measures
  • of new products of turnover
  • joint development efforts
  • Financial Perspective
  • How do the shareholders view the company?
  • Mission
  • Assure added value for shareholders both in the
    short and long term
  • Objectives
  • survive
  • prosper
  • Measures
  • ROI and cash flow
  • market share

8
The Balanced Scorecard
  • Internal Business Process Perspective
  • How can the company improve its internal
    operations to improve the service to the
    customers?
  • Mission
  • Efficiently produce and deliver products and
    services
  • Objectives
  • excellence in production
  • excellence in deliveries
  • Measures
  • cost price per unit
  • average throughput time for orders
  • Learning and Growth Perspective
  • What should the company do to remain successful
    in the future?
  • Mission
  • Innovate, improve and learn to the maximum
  • Objectives
  • technological leadership
  • product focus
  • Measures
  • time necessary to develop a new generation of
    products
  • number of old products to number of new products

9
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
Corporate Contribution
Operational Excellence
User Orientation
Future Orientation
10
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
User Orientation
Corporate Contribution
How do the users view the IT department?
How does management view the IT department?
Operational Excellence
Future Orientation
How effective and efficient are the IT processes?
Is IT positioned to meet future challenges?
11
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
  • User Orientation
  • How do the users view
  • the IT department?
  • Mission
  • To be the preferred supplier
  • of IS and to exploit business
  • opportunities maximally
  • through IT
  • Objectives
  • preferred supplier
  • partnership with users
  • user satisfaction
  • Corporate Contribution
  • How does management view
  • the IT department?
  • Mission
  • To obtain a reasonable
  • business contribution
  • of investments in IT
  • Objectives
  • control of IT expenses
  • business value of new
  • IT projects
  • business value of the IT function

12
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
  • Operational Excellence
  • How effective are the
  • IT processes?
  • Mission
  • Efficiently deliver IT products
  • and IT services
  • Objectives
  • efficient software development
  • efficient computer operations
  • efficient help desk function
  • Future Orientation
  • Is IT positioned to meet
  • future challenges
  • Mission
  • Develop opportunities to
  • answer future challenges
  • Objectives
  • permanent training and education of IT
    personnel
  • expertise of IT personnel
  • research into emerging information technology
  • age of application portfolio

13
A generic IT Balanced ScorecardMeasures for
Corporate Contribution
  • Control of IT Expenses
  • percentage over or under IT budget
  • allocation to different budget items
  • IT budget as a percentage of turnover
  • IT expenses per staff member
  • Business Value of new IT Projects
  • financial evaluation based on ROI, NPV, IRR, PB
  • business evaluation based on Information
    Economics
  • Business Value of the IT function
  • percentage of the development capacity engaged
    in strategic projects
  • relationship between new developments/infrastruct
    ure investments/replacement investments

14
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
Measures for User Orientation
  • Preferred IT Supplier
  • percentage of applications managed by IT
  • percentage of applications delivered by IT
  • Partnership with users
  • index of user involvement in generating strat.
    applications
  • index of user involvement in developing new
    applications
  • User Satisfaction
  • index of user friendliness of applications
  • index of user satisfaction

15
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
Measures for Operational Excellence
  • Efficient Software Development
  • number of lines of code per person per month
  • average days late in delivering software
  • average unexpected budget increase
  • percentage of projects performed within SLA
  • percentage of maintenance activities
  • Efficient Computer Operations
  • percentage unavailability of mainframe and
    network
  • response times per category of users
  • percentage of jobs done within time
  • Efficient Help Desk Function
  • average answer time of help desk
  • percentage of questions answered within time

16
A generic IT Balanced Scorecard
Measures for Future Orientation
  • Permanent Education of IT Personnel
  • number of educational days per person
  • educational budget as percentage of total IT
    budget
  • Expertise of IT Personnel
  • number of years of IT experience per staff
    member
  • age pyramid of IT staff
  • Research into emerging Technologies
  • percentage of IT budget spent on research
  • Age of the Applications Portfolio
  • number of applications per age category

17
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
Project phases
1. presentation of the concept to senior and IT
management 2. establishing a project team 3.
data-gathering phase where information is
collected on - corporate and IT strategy
- IT metrics already in use for performance
measurement 4. developing the organization-specif
ic IT balanced scorecard
18
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
Developing principles
  • start with a "standardized" model as presented
  • apply the Kaplan and Norton principles
  • l build in cause-and-effect relationships
  • l include sufficient performance drivers
  • l linkage to financial measures
  • implement the IT balanced scorecard as a
  • Strategic Management System
  • l clarify and translate vision and strategy
  • l link strategy to team and individual goals
  • l link strategy to resource allocation
  • l organize strategic feedback

19
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
Cause-and-Effect Relationships
IF we increase IT employee's motivation (future
orientation) THEN this will result in better
quality of the developed applications

(operational excellence) THEN this
will meet better user expectations (user
orientation) THEN will enhance the support of
business processes (business contribution)
20
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
Outcome Measures and Performance Drivers
Outcome measures Performance drives
lines of code per person number of
educational days
index of user satisfaction response time of
help desk
21
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
Financial Outcomes
"A failure to convert improved operational
performance into improved financial performance
should send executives back to the drawing board
to rethink the company's strategy or its
implementation plans". (Kaplan and Norton)
22
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
  • Clarify and Translate Vision and Strategy
  • align IT and corporate strategy
  • clarify cause-and-effect relationships
  • build in sufficient performance drivers in order
    to visualise
  • how the IT strategy will be achieved
  • build in sufficient outcome measures in order to
    monitor
  • whether the strategy is successful
  • link to financial objectives in order to
    visualise how IT strategy
  • is improving the company's financial performance

23
Building an IT Balanced Scorecard
  • Link Strategy to Resource Allocation
  • stretch long term targets
  • define long term targets that are realistic
  • take strategic initiatives to achieve the
    stretch targets
  • define short term milestones for the IT BSC
  • link priority settings for IT investment
    projects to the IT BSC
  • Link Strategy to Team and Individual Goals
  • communicate the IT BSC to the employeees
  • link individual objectives of IT employees to
    the IT BSC
  • link incentive system to the IT BSC measures
  • Organise Strategic Feedback
  • act upon the measurement results
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