Dairy Cow Feed and Feeding Aspects Around Welemera District Finfine Speical Zone, Holeta Area - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Dairy Cow Feed and Feeding Aspects Around Welemera District Finfine Speical Zone, Holeta Area PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 50777b-ODkyN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Dairy Cow Feed and Feeding Aspects Around Welemera District Finfine Speical Zone, Holeta Area

Description:

Presented by Liyusew Ayalew & Gezahegne Kebede (EIAR) (HARC) at the Inception meeting for the Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in Ethiopia project – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:324
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: elfproject
Learn more at: http://elfproject.wikispaces.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Dairy Cow Feed and Feeding Aspects Around Welemera District Finfine Speical Zone, Holeta Area


1
Dairy Cow Feed and Feeding Aspects Around
Welemera District Finfine Speical Zone, Holeta
Area
Presented by Liyusew Ayalew Gezahegne Kebede
(EIAR) (HARC) at the Inception meeting for the
Fodder and feed in livestock value chains in
Ethiopia project ILRI, Addis Ababa, 21-22
February 2012
2
About Holetta
  • Altitude- 2400 m above sea level
  • Latitude - 9o00N
  • Longitude- 38o30E
  • Annual Rainfall - 1055 mm
  • Farming system-Crop livestock farming system
  • Location -western side of Addis Abeba on the
    highway from Addis to Ambo road
  • Distance from Addis Abeba Around 38 km

3
Production aspectsWho are dairy producers?
Smallholder farm Medium farm Large scale farm
holding lt5 x breed dairy cows and producing both crop and Livestock (Individual) holdinggt5 to 10 x breed dairy cows mostly found in and around urban Area (Subsistence) holding gt10 x breed dairy cows mainly targeting profit from dairy Products (commercial)
4
Breeds
Smallholder farm Medium farm Large scale farm
Local breeds X breeds (50 Frisian crosses) X breeds (50,75 above 75 Frisian crosses) X breeds (75 above 75 Frisian crosses)
5
Health status
Smallholder farm Medium farm Large scale farm
Internal and external parasite cuffing Internal and external parasite Cuffing Death at delivery Feed poising complaints Blindness Foot and mouth Cuffing Death at delivery Calves death Foot and mouth
6
Feeding Small holderFeed type and its source
No Types of feed Feed sources Where it acmes from
1 Basal diet Grazing, weed Hay Green feed Straw Oats hay Own Own Own Own Own Communal grazing farm and land Part of his Farm land(kello) Part of his Farm land Crop residue Sown for feed
2 Supplementary feed Wheat bran Cereal halls Attela Salt Green feed Purchased Own processed Own processed Purchased Owen planted Flour factory 2Nd grade grains Home made local beer Retailers Back yarded improved forage
7
Medium Dairy Farm Feed type and its source..
No Types of feed Feed sources Where it acmes from
1 Basal diet Hay Crop residue Purchased Purchased Retailers Surrounding farmers
2 Supplementary feed Oil seed cake Wheat bran Pulse halls Attela Salt Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Edible oil factory Flour factory Bean and lintel grinding mills From home made local bear Retailers
8
Large scale Farm Feed type and its source
Types of feed Feed sources Where it acmes from
Basal diet Hay Supplementary feed Oil seed cake Wheat bran Concentrate Pulse halls Salt Molasses Brewery grains Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Purchased Wholesalers Edible oil factory Flour factory Feed industries Bean and lintel grinding mills Retailers Sugar factories Bear processing factory
9
Feed at medium dairy farm
10
Basal diet at large scale farm
11
Main production problems and possible solutions
for the input supplyAt small holder
level(individuals)
Problem Possible Solution
High feed price but less milk price Strengthen of the linkage between farm HHs to inputs and outputs market ether in buying selling,
Shortage of grazing and hay productions land Strengthen backyard improved forage production
Milk Price is decided by purchasers Price should be negotiable and needs regular price monitoring
AI, Vaccine and health service Problem Strengthen AI and health service at PA level and Regular professional visits
Source for improved breeds ,if Found highly expensive Improved breed production should be encouraged on private and government level

12
Inputs or services
  • Who supplies AI/natural mating?
  • Most of the dairy producers are getting AI
    service from district ministry of agriculture
  • Very few are using natural mating from their own
    selected bull
  • Very few are using AI and natural mating from
    their Owen farm level

13
  • Drags and vaccine
  • Drags -from private Animal drag shop
  • Vaccine -from Government institute and private
    drags
  • shop

14
Equipment and other inputs?
  • Small holders Uses from their Owen locally made
    equipments and purchased from local markets
  • Medium and large scale farms- From foreign and
    domestic markets

15
What is the main possible solution for input
supply?
  • Sustainable system should be develop to link
    input suppliers with producers
  • More attention should be given to the sector

16
Processing/marketingMain marketing channels for
smallholders
Producers
Cooperative
Locally processed
Roadside collectors
unions
Local market near by
Processers
Hotel cafe
Processers
Consumers
supermarkets
Supermarkets
Consumers Hotels Collectors Whole
sellers Retailers
Consumers
Consumers
17
Processing/marketingMain marketing channels for
medium farms
Producers
Hotel, cafes
Roadside collectors
Consumers
Processers
Supermarkets
Consumers
18
Processing/marketingMain marketing channels for
Large scakle farms
Producers
Processing unit
Processers
Road side collectors
Hotels, cafes
supermarkets
Supermarkets
Processers
Consumers
Consumers
Consumers
Supermarkets
Consumers
19
Who are the main market actors?
At Small holder level At medium farm level Large scale farm level
Road side milk collection Cooperatives Hotels, cafes unions Tea rooms Individual HHs Milk collection unions came and purchase at farm gate Service centers such as Hotels, restaurants, kafes Milk processing companies came and purchase at the farm get Milk processing companies came and purchase at the farm get Service centers such as Hotels, restaurants, karees
20
What are the main problems associated with
marketing and how might be solved
Main problems How it might be solved
Low price of milk Price should be negotiable also needs regular Price monitaring
High price of feed, drags, vaccine Needs Government attention, strengthening partnerships linkage
Short shelf life of milk and milk product Needs training on means of extending shelf life of the product
21
  • Thank you!
About PowerShow.com