INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI IHO-Workshop on Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI IHO-Workshop on Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4f0794-ZTYyZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI IHO-Workshop on Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba

Description:

INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:911
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: JRC59
Learn more at: http://www.iho.int
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI IHO-Workshop on Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba


1
INSPIREDirective of the European Parliament and
the Council establishing an Infrastructure for
Spatial Information in the European
Communityand Land-Marine SDIIHO-Workshop on
Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba
Keith Murray Data Specifications Drafting Team
President, EuroSDR 2004-6 Chair Commission 3.2
FIG 2002-2006 Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
2
Bringing data and services together through a
Spatial Data Infrastructure
Data and services easily discoverable and
accessible to users
Easier development of new applications and
services
Like a road infrastructure makes it possible to
connect different places, a spatial data
infrastructure makes it possible to connect data
and services located at different sources
Components
3
Why INSPIRE? Increasing number of
environmental policies that have a strong
spatial dimension
  • Marine thematic strategy
  • Thematic strategy on natural resources and on
    recycling
  • New soil monitoring system
  • Revision of SEVESO Directives on hazardous
    substances
  • Proposal for Directive on control of pipelines
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management
  • The revised forest monitoring regulation
  • Noise Directive
  • Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)
  • European Action programme on flood risk
    management

4
Example Proposed Directive on the Assessment
and Management of Floods (2006)
  • In the period 1998-2002 floods comprised 43 of
    all disaster events in Europe
  • 100 major floods
  • 700 dead
  • Half a million displaced people
  • 25 billion uninsured economic loss
  • Along the Rhine, 10 m people live in areas liable
    to extreme flooding, potential damage estimated
    at 165 bn.
  • 101,000 kms of coastline, population doubled in
    last 50 years. Assets within 500 m of coast
    500-1000 bn

5
Agreement that a common strategy is needed
70 of all fresh water bodies in Europe are part
of a trans-boundary river basin !! Risk
assessment is compounded by problems related to
quality of land use data, protected areas, etc.
6
Past approaches have limitations
  • CORINE Coordination of Information on the
    Environment - 85/338/EEC Council Decision
    27/6/1985
  • Experimental project for gathering, coordinating
    and ensuring the consistency of information on
    the state of the environment and natural
    resources in the Community
  • Problems
  • Variable data access policy
  • Lack of consistency with other data
  • Irregular updating
  • No long term perspective
  • Lack of quality/reliability
  • Lack of synchronization with other MS data

7
NATURA 2000
  • Directive 92/43/EEC and 97/62/EEC on the
    conservation of natural habitats and of wild
    fauna and flora
  • SCI (Sites of community importance)
  • SAC (Special Areas of Conservation)
  • Directive 78/409/EEC on the conservation of wild
    birds
  • SPA (Special Protection Areas)

Natura 2000 22.500 areas, 12-15 of the EU15
8
What are the problems? Different quality
anddifferent types of attribute information
  • Data compiled by Member States
  • Paper map / site
  • Descriptive database
  • Digital Spatial data
  • Data are validated and integrated by DG ENV
  • Data sources
  • In general 1/100.000, on topographic maps
  • Exceptionally 1/250.000 (very large sites)
  • Often 1/25.000 1/1.500 (cadastre)

9
Natura2000 Data harmonisation problems
10
Data utilization problems
  • Natura2000 Typical Questions
  • In which administrative region is the site?
  • Major roads running through the area?
  • Variation of altitude and slope?
  • Location of nearest villages and cities?
  • How are the land cover and land use distributed?
  • Where are potentially polluting nucleus
    situated?
  • Is there an area eligible for Community funding?

Only data of poor quality are available to answer
those questions.
11
But good local dataalready exist and
areaccessible !
12
In Summary
  • Environmental Needs
  • Better information needed to support policies
    6EAP
  • Improvement of existing information flows
  • Diversity across regions to be considered
  • Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring,
    moving to concept of sharing of information
  • Situation in Europe
  • Data policy restrictions
  • Lack of co-ordination across borders and between
    levels of government
  • Lack of standards incompatible information and
    information systems
  • Existing data not re-usable fragmentation of
    information, redundancy, inability to integrate
  • Environmental data
  • 90 of is linked to geography
  • Out of 58 data components needed for
    environmental policy
  • 32 are multi-sectoral
  • 16 are environmental only
  • 10 are related to other sectors
  • These 32 components allow to
  • link different ENV themes together policy
    coherence
  • link with other sectors integration
  • source EEA

EC Proposal for a Directive establishing an
infrastructure for spatial information in the
Community INSPIRE
13
INSPIRE Directive General Provisions
  • INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an
    infrastructure for spatial information in Europe
    for the purposes of Community environmental
    policies and policies or activities which may
    have an impact on the environment.
  • This infrastructure shall build upon
    infrastructures for spatial information
    established and operated by the Member States.
  • INSPIRE does not require collection of new
    spatial data electronic format
  • INSPIRE does not affect Intellectual Property
    Rights

14
INSPIRE COMPONENTS
  • METADATA
  • INTEROPERABILITY OF SPATIAL DATA SETS AND
    SERVICES
  • NETWORK SERVICES
  • DATA SHARING (policy)
  • COORDINATION AND COMPLEMENTARY MEASURES
    Monitoring Reporting
  • INSPIRE is a Framework Directive
  • Detailed technical provisions for the issues
    above will be laid down in Implementing Rules
    (IR)

15
What Kind of Spatial Data ?
  • Whose ? - Spatial data held by or on behalf of a
    public authority operating down to the lowest
    level of government when laws or regulations
    require their collection or dissemination
  • Which data ? - INSPIRE covers 34 Spatial Data
    Themes laid down in 3 Annexes (required to
    successfully build environmental information
    systems)

16
INSPIRE Spatial Data Scope
  • Annex I
  • Coordinate reference systems
  • Geographical grid systems
  • Geographical names
  • Administrative units
  • Addresses
  • Cadastral parcels
  • Transport networks
  • Hydrography
  • Protected sites
  • Annex II
  • Elevation
  • Land cover
  • Ortho-imagery
  • Geology

Harmonised spatial data specifications more
stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III
17
INSPIRE Thematic Scope
  • Annex III
  • Statistical units
  • Buildings
  • Soil
  • Land use
  • Human health and safety
  • Utility and governmental services
  • Environmental monitoring facilities
  • Production and industrial facilities
  • Agricultural and aquaculture facilities
  • Population distribution demography
  1. Area management/restriction/regulation zones
    reporting units
  2. Natural risk zones
  3. Atmospheric conditions
  4. Meteorological geographical features
  5. Oceanographic geographical features
  6. Sea regions
  7. Bio-geographical regions
  8. Habitats and biotopes
  9. Species distribution
  10. Energy Resources
  11. Mineral resources

18
Why are all these themes needed ?- Just another
example ....
19
INSPIRE Data Sharing Policy
  • Member States shall adopt measures for the
    sharing of data and services between public
    authorities for public tasks relating to the
    environment without restrictions occurring at the
    point of use.
  • Public authorities may charge, license each other
    and Community institutions provided this does not
    create an obstacle to sharing.
  • When spatial data or services are provided to
    Community institutions for reporting obligations
    under Community law relating to the environment
    then this will not be subject to charging.

20
From Commission proposal to Community Directive
implementation
  • Preparatory phase (2004-2006)
  • Co-decision procedure
  • Preparation of Implementing Rules
  • Transposition phase (2007-2008)
  • Directive enters into force
  • Transposition into national legislation
  • INSPIRE Committee starts its activities
  • Adoption of Implementation Rules by Comitology
  • Implementation phase (2009-2013)
  • implementation and monitoring of measures

21
Metadata
  • Member States shall create metadata and keep them
    up to date
  • Metadata shall include
  • Conformity with IR on interoperability
  • Conditions for access and use
  • Quality and validity
  • The public authorities responsible
  • Limitations on public access
  • Once Implementing Rules adopted
  • Created within 2 years for Annex I, II
  • Created within 5 years for Annex III

22
Interoperability of spatial data sets and
services (1)
  • Implementing Rules shall be adopted for
    interoperability and where practical for
    harmonisation of spatial data sets and services
  • Based on relevant user requirements
  • Integrate existing international standards, if
    appropriate
  • Feasible, proportionate, cost-benefit into
    account (Member States shall provide information
    on request)
  • Member States shall once IR adopted
  • Make services and new data conform within 2 years
  • Make other spatial data still in use conform (can
    be done through transformation service) within 7
    years
  • Stakeholders shall be given opportunity to
    participate in development of this Implementing
    Rule

23
Interoperability of spatial data sets and
services (2)
  • Harmonised data specifications
  • Annex I, II, III
  • definition and classification of spatial objects
  • geo-referencing
  • Annex I, II
  • common framework of unique identifiers for
    spatial objects
  • relationship between spatial objects
  • key attributes and corresponding multilingual
    thesauri
  • Information on the temporal dimension of the
    data
  • how to exchange updates of the data.
  • 3rd parties shall have access to these
    specifications at conditions not restricting
    their use
  • Cross-border issues shall be agreed on

24
Process to define the themes
Follows methodology
D2.6 Methodology for Data Specification
Adheres to model
Data theme specifications
D2.5 Generic Conceptual Model
25
Network Services
  • Member States shall operate a network of the
    following services available to the public for
    data sets and services for which metadata has
    been created
  • Discovery services No charge
  • View services No charge (exceptions)
  • Download services
  • Transformation services,
  • Services allowing spatial data services to be
    invoked
  • - Access to services may be restricted
  • - Services shall be available on request to 3rd
    parties under conditions
  • - Implementing Rules will be adopted
    (cost-benefit considerations)
  • - INSPIRE GEO portal shall be established
    Member States geo-portals

26
INSPIRE Roadmap (1/3)
Mile-stone Description
2007 X Entry into force of INSPIRE Directive
2007 X3m Establishment of the INSPIRE Committee
2007 X 1y Implementing Rules for the creation and up-dating of the metadata Implementing Rules for discovery and view services Implementing Rules for monitoring and reporting Implementing Rules governing access and rights of use to spatial data sets and services for Community institutions and bodies
2009 X 2y Implementing Rules for download and invoke services
2009 X 2y Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex I spatial data
27
INSPIRE Roadmap (2/3)
Mile-stone Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date)
2009 X 2y Designation of responsible public authorities for spatial data sets and services
2009 X 2y Implementation of data sharing framework of spatial data sets and services between public bodies
2009 X 2y Implementation of provisions on monitoring
2010 X 3y Metadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex I and Annex II spatial data
2010 X 3y Discovery and View Network services are operational
2010 X 3y Member States First Report to the Commission. From then onwards MS have to present reports every 3 years
28
INSPIRE Roadmap (3/3)
Mile-stone Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date)
2011 X 4y New or updated spatial data sets available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data
2011 X 4y Download Network Service operational for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data
2012 X 5y Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex II and Annex III spatial data
2013 X 6y Metadata available for Annex III spatial data
2014 X 7y Commissions report to the EP and the Council. From then onwards the Commission has to present reports every 6 years
2016 X 9y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data
2019 X 12y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex II and Annex III spatial data
29
Implementing INSPIRE
  • Needs to consider the broader context of existing
    initiatives which could contribute
  • Interfaces with initiatives GMES, GEO/GEOSS,
    GALILEO, global developments of spatial data
    infrastructures
  • Bottom-up implementation by Spatial Data Interest
    Communities, SDIC
  • SDIC bundle the human expertise of users,
    producers and transformers of spatial
    information, technical competence, financial
    resources and policies. Many SDIC exist today,
    generally organised by region, thematic issue or
    sector (industry).

30
INSPIRE process 2005-2009
Commission Services co-ordinate
EC adopts
INSPIRE Expert Group advises
INSPIRECommitteevotes
Review
Implementing Rules
Draft Implementing Rules
Formal Internet Consultation
Existing Reference Material
Call for Interest
Consolidation Team
Drafting Teams
LMOsreview
Spatial Data Interest Communities participate
Association phase
Drafting phase
Review phase
31
The role of SDIC Spatial Data Interest
Communities
  • To collect and describe user requirements,
  • To submit/develop reference materials
  • To allocate experts to the drafting teams,
  • To participate in the review process,
  • To implement pilot projects
  • to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing
    Rules,
  • To contribute to cost/benefit analysis
  • to assess costs of the draft Implementing Rules,
  • To contribute to awareness raising and training

32
The role of Legally Mandated Organisations (LMO)
  • To collaborate within the SDICs, or autonomously
    in providing technical specifications
  • To help identify user needs
  • To contribute to the analysis of the technical
    and operational feasibility of implementation of
    proposed draft Implementing Rules
  • To provide feedback on the cost/benefit
    consequences of Implementing Rules at Member
    State level.

33
Results of the call for ExpertsOpened on 1 March
2005Experts registered per country
22-06-2005
Spatial Data Interest Communities (SDICs) 139
Legally Mandate Organisations (LMOs) 89
Proposed Experts 193
Referenced Materials 96
Identified Projects 94
34
The role of Drafting Teams (DT)
  • To analyse and review the reference material
  • To write draft INSPIRE Implementing Rules
  • To provide recommendations to the Consolidation
    Team, CT (EC) - in case of conflicting technical
    specifications
  • To provide suggestions to the CT for testing any
    proposed specification

35
The role of projects, pilots and prototypes
  • To develop representative use-case scenarios
  • To develop/test specifications for IR development
  • To demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of
    interoperability-based solutions
  • To acquire experience in implementing
    interoperability-based solutions
  • To determine cost and benefit of interoperability
    based solutions on the basis of real cases

36
Example of participative process in IR
development
  • Call for experts March 2005
  • Drafting Teams established in October 2005
  • Draft IR for Metadata published on 2nd Feb. 2007
    based on requirement of Directive, review of
    existing material submitted by SDICS and LMOs,
    international standards, and drafting team
    knowledge.
  • Open for comments by SDICs and LMOs over an 8
    week period
  • Revised Draft to be published in the Summer 2007
  • Open for public consultation for an 8 week period
  • Commission develops its proposal based on all
    input received and submits to Regulatory
    Committee

37
Conclusions
  • INSPIRE is a framework Directive with top-down
    Implementing Rules developed
  • But
  • Bottom-up development of Implementing Rules
    through stakeholder participation - the Spatial
    Data Interest Communities
  • Open and transparent drafting and review of
    Implementing Rules
  • Pilots and Projects play a key role to define and
    validate the Implementing Rules
  • INSPIRE is a pillar of GMES
  • INSPIRE is a major EU contribution to GEO/GEOSS

38
The Land - Marine SDI
39
The real world
40
The mapping solution
  • NMAs and HOs generally use
  • Different coordinate systems
  • Different projections
  • Different datums (Hz V)
  • Different content

RESULT Users cannot reference any object
consistently across the coastal zone
41
A formal SDI solution
Common height datum
  • Common framework to support
  • Interoperable coordinate systems datums
  • Interoperable objects along agreed boundary
  • Interoperable Feature Catalogues

RESULT Marine SDI and Land SDI link up
seamlessly
42
What progress is being made?
43
What is required?
  • Organisational collaboration
  • Clear use case applications to guide
  • An over-arching framework supporting
  • Data policies
  • Data access
  • Data specifications (datums, feature catalogues,
    gazetteers ..)
  • Standards implementation e.g. ISO
  • Interoperability

44
Moving forward..
  • Who can make this happen?
  • National
  • Hydrographic organisations
  • National mapping cadastral organisations
  • International Organisation
  • International Hydrographic Organization
  • Professional organisations
  • Research Organisations

45
The role of IHO
  • Identifying and promoting best practice
  • Save wasted effort
  • Leadership
  • Influence members
  • Support members
  • Services eg registers
  • Mainstream Standards
  • Collaborative approach
  • Communication

46
REGISTRATION OPEN www.eurosdr.net
47
Thank you for your attention
http//www.ec-gis.org/inspire/
About PowerShow.com