GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4ef255-ODdhZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

Description:

GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Saleem Huq IIED Santiago, Chile - 19 November 2007 Adaptation to climate change - not mitigation How is climate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:284
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 16
Provided by: Hal1150
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION


1
GLOBAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE
ADAPTATION Saleem Huq IIED Santiago, Chile -
19 November 2007
2
Key Questions
  • Adaptation to climate change - not mitigation
  • How is climate addressed in
  • Policy-making and overarching strategies
  • National/sector planning,
  • Development decision-making,
  • Regional economic development
  • Impact assessment procedures (e.g. EIA, SEA)
  • Etc.
  • National Local levels

3
IIED programme
  • IIED programme to help interested countries
    address climate change adaptation in policies,
    plans programmes
  • Initial pilot national workshops (Vietnam
    Chile)
  • Range of stakeholders
  • Government
  • Private sector / businesses
  • Civil society

4
Key Seminar/Workshop Goals
  • Determine the extent of awareness of, and share
    knowledge about, the challenges posed by climate
    change
  • Identify what steps the country is already taking
    or methods being used to incorporate responses to
    climate change in policy-making and planning,
    particularly through the role of the official
    national climate change focal points
    (highlighting interesting case examples)
  • Identify opportunities for improvement, key
    questions that would need to be addressed,
    possible methods and available skills and capacity

5
Possible On-Going Programme
  • Developing resource materials including basic
    methodological approaches and specific questions
    for considering climate change adaptation issues
  • Pilot testing some of these approaches
  • Evaluation of lessons learned and possibly
  • Establishing a website with information and tools
    for considering climate change adaptation issues
    in development policies, plans and programs.

6
Impacts of Climate Change
7
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE Case of Calgary, Canada
8
Future Changes in Climate
  • Rainfall
  • Increased water availability in moist tropics and
    high latitudes
  • Decreased water availability and drought in
    mid-latitudes and semi-arid low latitudes
  • Temperature
  • Global temperatures are likely to increase by 1.1
    to 6.4C from 1990 to 2100 (best estimates 1.8 to
    5.4)
  • Sea level rise
  • Sea levels are likely to rise in the range of
    22-34 cm between 1990 and the 2080s (60/77
    largest cities on the coast in LA)
  • Extreme events
  • More frequent and more intense (droughts,
    floods) unpredictability (seasons timing)

9
Impacts of Climate Change on LA
  • Increased number of floods and droughts
  • effects on food production, provision of water,
    viability of ecosystems and environmental
    services
  • Glaciers have receded (without precedents in the
    last 10,000 years)
  • Entire regions affected by climate change
  • Plants and animals displaced or perished
  • Increasing intensity of storms and hurricanes
  • Shifted vectors for diseases such as malaria or
    Chagas disease to regions where they did not
    exist
  • El Niño more frequent and severe
  • Positive impacts? probably only short-term

10
Examples of Adaptation Needs
  • To Address Adverse
  • Glaciar recession
  • Erratic behaviour of rainfall and temperature
  • Drought
  • Flood (riverine and flash flood)
  • Salinity Intrusion
  • Impacted Sector
  • Water Resources
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishery
  • Tourism
  • Human Settlement
  • Health
  • Biodiversity
  • Infrastructure and Industries

11
Adaptation Need Scale of Problems and
Distribution of Poverty
The case of Bangladesh
12
Approaches to Adaptation to Climate Change
  • National Level
  • Formulation of National Adaptation Programme of
    Action (NAPA) identified immediate and urgent
    adaptation needs
  • Creation of a National Committee to facilitate
    implementation of NAPA
  • Preparation National Capacity Self-Assessment
    (NCSA) Report identified capacity need to meet
    commitments
  • Screening of Development Portfolio of Donor
    Agencies
  • Partnerships with private sector
  • Sectoral Level
  • Awareness and Capacity Building on Climate to
    integrate climate change in the sectoral policy,
    programme and plan early stage

13
Approaches to Adaptation to Climate Change
  • Local Government and Community Level
  • Local Government need to be brought in as
    adaptation is very context specific
  • Non-government Organizations (international and
    national) have started activities to adaptation
  • Knowledge Gap, Research and Sharing
  • Effectiveness of existing coping strategies and
    practices under warmer climate
  • Research on links between climate change and
    other aspect e.g. health
  • Sharing Community Based Adaptation to Climate
    Change is going on IIED and BCAS in association
    with RING
  • Development and testing methodology for CBA

14
Some general recommendations
  • Map national vulnerabilities
  • Support community-based coping strategies and
    disaster risk reduction
  • Increase support for small-scale agriculture
  • Increase support for conserving biodiversity and
    stop deforestation
  • Clean and efficient energy
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Implement existing agreements on env dev
  • Apply new standards for private-sector

15
Thank You www.iied.org
About PowerShow.com