How can civil society play a constructive role in increasing transparency and building confidence between states parties? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How can civil society play a constructive role in increasing transparency and building confidence between states parties?

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Of bioweapons relevant activities, e.g.: 1) Civilian and non-civilian biodefence activities, 2) High-risk research, and 3) National implementation. Where? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How can civil society play a constructive role in increasing transparency and building confidence between states parties?


1
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • Iris Hunger
  • Research Group for Biological Arms Control
  • Weizsäcker Centre for Science and Peace Research
  • University of Hamburg, Germany
  • Jongny, 23 August 2009

2
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • ... is a non-state actor.
  • ... has two sources of power
  • 1) Knowledge, experience and expertise, and
  • 2) Public pressure.
  • ... comes in three forms
  • 1) Epistemic communities,
  • 2) Implementing bodies for states decisions, and
  • 3) Advocacy groups/whistle blowers.

3
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • ... has the aim to make the world a better
    place by
  • 1) Offering advice to governments on how best to
    achieve a certain aim,
  • 2) Pressuring governments to do certain things,
  • 3) Supporting governments in implementing their
    decisions, and
  • 4) Doing things, where governments are not
    willing or able to act (filling gaps).

4
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • ... has three modes of action
  • 1) Cooperative,
  • 2) Supportive, and
  • 3) Confrontational.
  • ... works at different levels
  • 1) Global (world),
  • 2) National (country), and
  • 3) Local (community).

5
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • Of what? Of bioweapons relevant activities, e.g.
  • 1) Civilian and non-civilian biodefence
    activities,
  • 2) High-risk research, and
  • 3) National implementation.
  • Where? These activities are controlled by
  • 1) States (often limited transparency),
  • 2) Industry (often limited transparency), and
  • 3) Academia (Mostly complete openness).

6
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • How? Transparency can be increased by
  • 1) Bringing data into the public sphere
    (investigative),
  • 2) Collecting publicly available data from
    different sources (accumulative) (only possible
    if data are publicly available), and
  • 3) Transforming data into information (only
    possible if data are publicly available).

7
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • In what?
  • 1) Compliance with the bioweapons ban.
  • 2) That the provisions of relevant treaties are
    being implemented.
  • Between whom?
  • 1) States parties (limited role for civil
    society),
  • 2) Different actors in society (governments,
    industry,
  • the public).

8
How can civil society play a constructive role in
increasing transparency and building confidence
between states parties?
  • Examples
  • Investigation of Yellow Rain incident (HSP)
  • Investigation of Sverdlovsk anthrax outbreak
    (HSP)
  • Collecting data on disease outbreaks (ProMED)
  • Unearthing and criticising controversial
    activities (Sunshine Project, Center for Arms
    Control and Nonproliferation, TriValley Care,
    NYT)
  • Investigating past programmes (ISSA)
  • Analysing and supporting national implementation
    (VERTIC)
  • Analysing and verifying CBMs (LSE, Hamburg
    Research Group)
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