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TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 101

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TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 101 An Overview of the Basics - Requirements & Responsibilities History & Program Overview Program Authority - The Authorization Act The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 101


1
TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 101
  • An Overview of the Basics -
  • Requirements Responsibilities

2
History Program Overview
  • Program Authority - The Authorization Act
  • The Eisehower Interstate Program (1957-1969)
  • STURAA 1987-1991
  • ISTEA 1992-1997
  • TEA-21 1998-2003
  • SAFETEA To Be Determined

3
History Program Overview
  • The Federal Highway Bill
  • Common name for the Authorization/Reauthorization
    Act
  • Multi-Year (usually 5 or 6 years)
  • Most continuing program provisions are
    incorporated into the United States Code, Title
    23 Highways
  • Funded from the Highway Trust Fund
  • Revenues derived from user taxes fuel, trucks
    tires
  • Donor States including Indiana pay more into
    the Trust Fund than they receive
  • Establishes the upper limits of funds for each
    program over the life of the bill

4
History Program Overview
  • The Highway Bill is not just a highway bill
  • Surface Transportation
  • Transit
  • Motor Carriers
  • And Other Programs such as Research Safety

5
Federal-Aid Highway Program
  • The Authorization Acts are the primary instrument
    used to shape and direct/redirect the Federal-Aid
    Highway Program
  • These Acts (ISTEA, TEA-21) can
  • Eliminate programs (federal aid system/funds)
  • Add programs (STP, CMAQ)
  • Modify program characteristics (I-4R to IM)
  • Modify requirements (state LRPs fiscal
    constraint)
  • Establish/Eliminate/Rename Funding Categories
    (Section 8/Section 5303 MA/MG)

6
Federal-Aid Highway Program
  • The Appropriations Act - Annual legislation
    enacted by Congress that makes funds available
    for expenditure with specific limitations as to
    amount, purpose and duration
  • Allocations funds that are not based on
    formulas (I.e. Interstate Construction Bridge
    Discretionary)
  • Apportionments funds that are based on
    statutory formulas (I.e. Bridge
    Replacement/Rehab STP CMAQ NHS IM)
  • Equity Funds funds established for donor states
    to ensure stability in funding amounts(I.e.
    MG)
  • Limitation on Obligations Obligational Authority
    annual action that controls the rate at which
    funds may be used it does not change original
    apportionments or allocations
  • (limits vary annually per Appropriations Act
    Budget Auth.)

7
The Planning Process
  • 23 U.S.C. 134 Metropolitan Planning (current)
  • Population Requirements every urban area
    consisting of 50,000 or more people (as
    determined by the decennial census) must have an
    agency designated as the Metropolitan Planning
    Organization (MPO) that is charged with carrying
    out the provisions of 23 U.S.C. 134

8
The Planning Process
  • Small MPOs agencies dealing with urbanized
    areas having populations of 50,000-200,000
  • Large MPOs agencies dealing with urbanized
    areas having populations over 200,000
  • Transportation Management Areas (TMAs) Large
    MPOs in non-attainment areas

9
The Planning Process
  • Urbanized Area the urban area as designated by
    the Bureau of the Census the area expected to
    be urbanized over the next 20 years
  • Rural Area non-urbanized area
  • Metropolitan Planning Area (MPA) the urban and
    rural areas where the MPO has transportation
    planning jurisdiction and responsibilities

10
Planning Areas
11
The Planning Process
  • System Performance
  • Traffic Models
  • Planning Process
  • Transportation Plan
  • TIP/STIP
  • Implementation

12
The Planning Process
  • The Big Three
  • The Long Range Plan currently a 25 year
    horizon to ensure an on-going 20 year program
  • The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)
    currently a 3 or 5 year program of projects taken
    from the Long Range Plan
  • The Unified Planning Work Program an annual
    document setting forth the transportation
    planning activities to be conducted by the MPO

13
The Planning Process
  • System Performance
  • Traffic Counts (HPMS, TMC), LOS, Delay,
    Accidents, Congestion
  • Models
  • TAZs, Land Use, Growth Trends, Traffic Counts,
    Lane Widths Volumes, etc.

14
The Planning Process
  • Planning Process
  • Technical Committee (stakeholders including
    INDOT)
  • Policy Committee
  • MPO Board
  • Public Involvement Processes
  • Newsletters
  • Meetings
  • Web Sites
  • Hearings

15
The Planning Process
  • Transportation Plan
  • Using the system performance information, the
    traffic model, and the planning process (public
    input and local approvals), projects and
    timelines are identified for both the state and
    local roads
  • Other elements are included as set forth in the
    federal regulations such as a bicycle and
    pedestrian component and fiscal forecasts
  • Updates every 3 5 years depending on MPO

16
The Planning Process
  • TIP/STIP
  • A program of projects from the Transportation
    Plan
  • Reflects a 3 or 5 year program that can be
    updated annually and can be amended
  • Effective under the Federal Fiscal Year FFY Oct 1
    through Sep 30
  • Fiscally constrained
  • Public participation policy

17
The Planning Process
  • UPWP
  • Includes a Cost Allocation Plan (CAP) setting
    forth direct, indirect costs
  • Annual accounting of activities and anticipated
    use of funds PL, 5303, STP, TCSP
  • Agreements MOA
  • Effective under the State of Indiana fiscal year
    - FY July 1 through June 30

18
The Planning Process
  • INDOT Overview
  • INDOT sets deadlines for TIP UPWP
  • Provides annual dollar amounts for TIP UPWP
  • Funding Policy guarantee of STP to small MPOs
    for TIP
  • Enhancement Committee for selection of projects
    on a statewide basis
  • PL Fund distribution per agreement - 50,000
    sustaining population not subject to
    obligational limitation allows for carry-over
  • 5303 Funds de-obligated annually

19
The Planning Process
  • Reimbursements
  • This is not a grant program
  • POs (annually per UPWP) and claim vouchers for
    80 reimbursement for expenditures can be
    quarterly, monthly accountability for
    expenditures (time sheets, etc.)
  • Annual audits required

20
The Planning Process
  • MPO Agencies
  • Various compositions local government, councils
    of government, transportation entities
  • Various responsibilities planning zoning,
    economic development, transit operators

21
The Planning Process
  • Partners
  • INDOT
  • FHWA
  • FTA
  • IDEM/EPA
  • DNR
  • DOC

22
Thank you
  • Acronyms
  • TIP, UPWP, ACR, CAP, FHWA, FTA, MPO, MPA, TE,
    STP, IM, FTA, TCSP, LRP, CMAQ, RTP, NHS, RABA,
    HOV, LOS, HPR,HPMS,ITS, HTF, PMTF, FRA, DOT, AND
    SO ON AND SO ON

23
Acronym Appendix
  • A
  • ACR Annual Completion Report
  • B
  • C
  • CAP Cost Allocation Plan
  • CMAQ Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality
  • D
  • DNR Department of Natural Resources
  • DOC Department of Commerce
  • DOT Department of Transportation

24
Acronym Appendix
  • E
  • EPA Environmental Protection Agency
  • F
  • FHWA Federal Highway Administration
  • FRA Federal Railroad Administration
  • FTA Federal Transit Administration
  • FFY Federal Fiscal Year
  • FY Fiscal Year
  • G

25
Acronym Appendix
  • H
  • HOV High Occupancy Vehicle
  • HPMS Highway Performance Monitoring System
  • HPR Highway Planning Research
  • HTF Highway Trust Fund
  • I
  • IDEM Indiana Department of Environmental
    Management
  • I-4R Interstate Reconstruction, Rehabilitation,
    Restoration, Resurfacing
  • IM Interstate Maintenance
  • INDOT Indiana Department of Transportation
  • ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation
    Efficiency Act
  • ITS Intelligent Transportation System

26
Acronym Appendix
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • LOS Level of Service
  • LPA Local Public Agency
  • LRP Long Range Plan
  • M
  • MA Minimum Allocation
  • MG Minimum Guarantee

27
Acronym Appendix
  • M continued
  • MOA Memorandum of Agreement
  • MOU Memorandum of Understanding
  • MPA Metropolitan Planning Area
  • MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization
  • N
  • NHS National Highway System
  • O
  • P
  • PL Planning Funds (currently 1)
  • Q

28
Acronym Appendix
  • R
  • RABA Revenue Aligned Budget Authority
  • RTP Recreational Trails Program
  • S
  • SAFETEA Safe, Accessible, Flexible, Efficient
    Transportation Equity Act
  • STIP State Transportation Improvement Program
  • STP Surface Transportation Program
  • STURAA Surface Transportation Uniform Relocation
    Assistance Act

29
Acronym Appendix
  • T
  • TAC Technical Advisory Committee
  • TAZ Traffic Analysis Zone
  • TCSP Transportation Community System
    Preservation funds
  • TE Transportation Enhancement funds
  • TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st
    Century
  • TIP Transportation Improvement Program
  • TMA Transportation Management Area
  • TMC Turning Movement Count
  • TP Transportation Plan (also referred to as LRP)

30
Acronym Appendix
  • U
  • UPWP Unified Planning Work Program
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z
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