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Oppression Through the Eyes of Haitian American and African American Male College Students

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Oppression Through the Eyes of Haitian American and African American Male College Students Danielle Jackman, Pamela Hall, PhD, & Gladys Ibanez, PhD – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Oppression Through the Eyes of Haitian American and African American Male College Students


1
Oppression Through the Eyes of Haitian American
and African American Male College Students
Danielle Jackman, Pamela Hall, PhD, Gladys
Ibanez, PhD TQR Conference January 8,
2011
2
Table of Contents
  • Oppression
  • Types of oppression
  • Effects of oppression
  • Theories
  • Critical Consciousness
  • Social Intervention Theory
  • Photovoice
  • Research objective
  • Methods
  • Results/Discussion
  • Future Direction

3
Oppression
  • Unjust use of power
  • Domination
  • Sustains inequity
  • Process and outcome
  • References Watts, Williams, Jagers, (2003)
    Schiele, (2007)

4
Types of oppression
  • Classism
  • Ageism
  • Sexism
  • Racial Discrimination
  • Ethnic Discrimination

5
Effects of Oppression
  • Ethnic identity
  • Self perception
  • Learned Helplessness
  • Health

6
Critical Consciousness
  • Friere (1970) Wang (1999)

7
Social Intervention Theory
  • Social Intervention Theory
  • Empowerment
  • Social change
  • Just society
  • References Watts, Williams, Jagers (2003)

8
Photovoice
  • Participatory action research
  • Engage in active listening
  • Create safe environment
  • Move people toward action
  • Inform policy makers
  • References Friere (1970) Wang, Burris (1994)

9
Research Objectives
10
Research Questions
  1. How do you view oppression in your community?
  2. In what ways can you reduce oppression within
    your community?
  3. In what ways can your community leaders and
    community reduce oppression?

11
Method
  • Participants (n20)
  • Discussion about oppression
  • Camera handed with first research question
  • Compensation given
  • Audio-taped meeting held
  • The process was repeated two more times
  • Responses from the participants were placed into
    categories.

12
Results
Figure 1. Results showing categories formed from
responses to Question 1 How do you view
oppression in your community?
13
Pictures- Question 1
Haitian Americans are treated like trash in
Miami other ethnicities are not. They may be
close to the trash but we Haitian Americans are
treated like filth.- Haitian American
The bright leaves represent the beauty of Miami
and the trash underneath represents how Blacks
are treated. You do not see it until you look
hard that Blacks are treated poorly in Miami.-
African American
14
Results (cont.)
Figure 2. Results showing categories formed from
responses to Question 2 In what ways can you
reduce oppression in your community?
15
Pictures- Question 2
All the flags in this picture represent the
multiculturalism in Miami. No flag is higher than
the rest. Lack of tolerance and ignorance of
other cultures lead to oppression. Therefore, if
I get an education of other peoples cultures, I
can teach others that we are all equal. That will
hopefully reduce oppression and celebrate
diversity.- Haitian American
We have to be agents for change in order to
change our community. It is easy to talk about
it but you have to be about it. Voting is one way
for me to be about change and hopefully I can
encourage others in my community to vote as most
do not. If we vote, our voices will be heard.-
African American
16
Results (cont.)
Figure 3. Results showing categories formed from
responses to Question 3 In what way can your
community leaders and community reduce
oppression?
17
Pictures- Question 3
We need to be like fish and band together as one
community to discuss our concerns and issues of
how we are treated. The leaders can take notes
and at the end then they will better be able to
serve all the members of the community.-Haitian
American
Local church leaders in Miami like Bishop Curry
of New Birth could help out the community even
more by holding programs at his church to talk
about discrimination and oppression.- African
American
18
Discussion
  • Differences between the groups may be linked to
    history
  • Method useful in empowering (90 of participants)
  • Participatory research style may reduce
    oppression and increase community action

19
Limitations
  • Pilot study
  • Preliminary Data
  • CAMERA PROBLEMS!!!

20
Future Direction
  • Repeat using larger sample size
  • Use digital cameras
  • Invite policy makers and participants to
    presentation and display

21
Acknowledgments
  • Minority Access to Research Careers Grant, T34
    GM008021-25, Barry University 
  • Dr. Flona Redway
  • TQR Conference

22
QUESTIONS??
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