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American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War

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American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War V. The Social Impact of the War Bell Ringer Injustice and inequality name an incident that you ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War


1
American History Chapter 18 World War II
Americans at War
  • V. The Social Impact of the War

2
Bell Ringer
  • Injustice and inequality name an incident that
    you associate with these words.
  • Do you know about any involvement of minorities
    in WWII?

3
Objectives
  • Learn how African Americans, Mexican Americans,
    and Native Americans experienced the war at home.
  • Find out about difficulties Japanese Americans
    faced.
  • See how the war changed conditions for working
    women.

4
A) African Americans
  • African American union leader A. Philip Randolph
    planned to march on DC unless AA were given jobs
    in wartime industry
  • Roosevelt signed EO 8802 allowing government
    jobs without discrimination
  • March called off
  • 2 million AA moved North race riots in Detroit
    and New York
  • Pittsburgh courier launched the double V campaign
  • 29) Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) civil
    rights group founded in Chicago used
    non-violent techniques to end discrimination

5
B) Mexican Americans
  • Worked in factories and fought in the war amidst
    discrimination
  • US needed farm laborers
  • braceros Mexican farm laborers brought to work
    in US
  • Barrios Spanish speaking neighborhoods in US
    poor
  • Mexican-Americans began wearing zoot-suits US
    navy personnel in Los Angles thought it was
    un-American fighting and riots began victims
    usually arrested - Navy limited leave in Los
    Angles

6
C) Native Americans
  • Many fought in the war (25,000)
  • 23,000 moved to cities to work
  • Never came home

7
D) Japanese Americans
  • 127,000 Japanese Americans living in US at war
    time 2/3 citizens
  • US afraid of spies Pearl Harbor
  • EO 9066 internment for Japanese in camps
    people lost everything
  • 32) Interned confined
  • Barbed wire and armed guards ?
  • Today we look upon it as a grave injustice 1988
    all survivors given 20,000 and an official
    apology.

8
Japanese Americans in the Military
  • 17,000 fought in WWII in Europe
  • Nisei citizens born to Japanese immigrants
  • Some volunteered while living in internment camps
  • 442nd Regimental Combat Team most highly
    decorated in WWII
  • Go For Broke

9
E) Working Women
  • Women made up 35 of work force did jobs they
    never thought possible
  • Rosie the Riveter - 628
  • AA women improved their jobs also
  • Received less pay
  • Women still did house care and needed family to
    watch children
  • Some women went back to house after war many
    wanted to keep jobs most were fired for men

10
Review
  • How did African Americans, Mexican Americans, and
    Native Americans experience the war at home?
  • What difficulties did Japanese Americans face?
  • In what ways did the war change conditions for
    working women?
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