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Brilliant Star: Spiritual Development


Spirituality Fundamental to many conceptualizations of human beings Mind Body Spirit Spirituality is considered ... and my life, in particular? Who are we as human ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brilliant Star: Spiritual Development

Spiritual Development
William G. Huitt
Valdosta State University
Last Revised September 2003
  • Fundamental to many conceptualizations of human
  • Mind
  • Body
  • Spirit
  • Spirituality is considered inherent quality of
    human beings
  • Naturalism
  • Pantheism
  • Theism

Spirituality Defined
  • Attempt to understand and connect to the unknowns
    of the universe or search for meaningfulness in
    ones life (Adler, 1932/1980 Frankl, 1959)
  • A relationship with the sacred (Beck Walters,
  • An individual's experience of and relationship
    with a fundamental, nonmaterial aspect of the
    universe (Tolan, 2002)

Spirituality Defined
  • Does not necessarily require a belief in God,
    Great Spirit, Supreme Creator, etc., but does not
    exclude it
  • Spirituality not equated with religion
  • Religion refers to organized, institutionalized
    set of beliefs, teachings, and practices
  • Can be spiritual without being religious and vice

Issues of Spirituality
  • Spirituality addresses such questions as
  • How can we increase meaning in our lives, in
    general, and my life, in particular?
  • Who are we as human beings? Where did we come
    from? How are we related?
  • Are we in control of our lives or is our
    destination a result of fate?

Issues of Spirituality
  • Spirituality addresses such questions as
  • Where did the universe come from? What are its
  • Is there a God (in whatever way we define or know
    a Supreme Being)?
  • What is our relationship to God or the Creator,
    if there is one?
  • Is there a continuity of life after this life? If
    so, what is it like?

Benefits of Spirituality
  • Improved physical health, including blood pressure
  • Healthier lifestyles and less risky behavior
  • Improved coping ability
  • Less depression
  • Faster healing
  • Lower levels of bereavement after the death of a
    loved one
  • A decrease in fear of death
  • Higher school achievement

Liability for Lack of Spirituality
  • Overeating
  • Risky behavior
  • Low self-esteem
  • Poor health

Fowlers Stages of Faith
0. Undifferentiated
Infancy Trust
I. Intuitive-Projective
3-7 Fantasy, non-logical
II. Mythic-Literal
7-15 Concrete, good/bad
III. Synthetic-Conventional
15-21 Personal identity
IV. Individuative-Reflective
Young Adult Unique
V. Conjunctive
Mid Adult Direct, affirm
VI. Universalizing Faith
?? Disciplined activist
Kesslers Pathways To The Soul
Rites of passage
  • Initiation

Beyond personal limits
  • Transcendence

Play, celebration, gratitude
  • Joy and Delight

Awe, mystery of creating
  • Creative Drive

Reflection, calm
  • Silence and Solitude

Exploration of big questions
  • Meaning and Purpose

Quality of relationships
  • Deep Connection

(No Transcript)
Relational Consciousness
  • The exploration of the meaningfulness of our
    lives and our relationships (Hamilton
    Jackson,1998 Hay Nye, 1998)
  • to ourselves,
  • to others,
  • to nature, or
  • to a higher power or unknowns of the universe

Relational Consciousness
  • A type of meta-cognitive activity that describes
    ever increasing consciousness of growth and
    opportunity consequences for the individual.
  • May describe the essence of spirituality.
  • Development is considered moving from
  • simple to complex
  • naïve to sophisticated
  • insecurity to confidence

General Guidelines
  • Create conducive environment -- Save, secure,
  • Any activity that allows students to gain
    meaningful insights regarding self, others,
    nature, God or universal unknowns
  • Provide variety of activities using Kesslers
    Pathways as a guideline
  • Maintain neutrality between secular and religious
    and among religions

Activities Relating To Self
  • Spirituality and Well-being http//www.spirituali
  • Living Waters Spiritual Assessment Software
  • Signature Strengths http//www.authentichappi
  • Index to Learning Style
  • Jung Typology Personality Test
  • Becoming A Brilliant Star http//chiron.valdosta.e

  • Adler, A. (1932/1980). What life should mean to
    you. London George Allen Unwin.
  • Beck, P., Walters, A. (1977). The sacred Ways
    of knowledge, sources of life. Tsaile, AZ Navajo
    Community College.
  • Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of faith The
    psychology of human development and the quest for
    meaning. San Francisco Harper and Rowe.
  • Frankl, V (1959). Man's search for meaning. New
    York Praeger.
  • Hamilton, D., and Jackson, M. (1998). Spiritual
    development Paths and processes. Journal of
    Instructional Psychology, 25(4), 262-270.
  • Hay, D., with Nye, R. (1998). The spirit of the
    child. London Fount.
  • Kessler, R. (2000). The soul of education
    Helping students find connection, compassion, and
    character in school. Alexandria, VA Association
    for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
  • Tolan, S. (2002). Spirituality and the highly
    gifted adolescent. Charlotte, NC Author.
    Retrieved July 2002, from http//www.stephanietola