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Project Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Session 2: Environmental Monitoring

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Project Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Session 2: Environmental Monitoring & Project Strategy Mod 2 Ses 2A More About Indicators After Lunch * Mod 2 Ses 2A Green ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Project Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Session 2: Environmental Monitoring


1
Project Design, Monitoring and EvaluationSession
2 Environmental Monitoring Project Strategy
2
Workshop Learning Objectives
  • Describe why it is important to incorporate
    environmental considerations into Project Design,
    ME

3
Workshop Learning Objectives
  1. Integrate environmental indicators into the
    project strategy and every step of the project
    cycle.

4
Workshop Learning Objectives
  1. Select and measure environmental indicators (be
    S.M.A.R.T.).

5
Workshop Learning Objectives
  1. Demonstrate that integrating environmental
    monitoring into your project does not have to be
    difficult, costly, or time-consuming.
  2. Do you have additional objectives?

6
Greening the Logframe
Narrative description Objectively verifiableindicators Sources of information Risks, hypothesis, assumptions
Impact
Outcome
Output
Activities
Inputs
7
Methodology
  • Brief presentations Action Learning
  • Discuss and test ME concepts, policies and
    tools
  • Share experiences
  • Participant feedback and evaluation
  • First, what is a GRRT module?

8
Key Concepts of the Module
  • This module builds upon four key concepts
  • Disaster response projects impact the environment
    both positively and negatively.
  • Disaster response projects need to be assessed
    and designed to ensure
  • environmental issues are identified,
  • negative environmental impacts are minimized
  • positive environmental opportunities are
    supported.

9
Key Concepts of the Module, cont.
  • Monitoring of disaster response projects needs to
    include indicators that identify and measure
    achievement or changes for specific
    environment-related objectives or sub-objectives.
  • These projects need to be evaluated to determine
    if the environment-related actions were
    appropriate and what their impact was, and to
    draw lessons learned for future projects.

10
Indicators
  • What are indicators as applied to ME?
  • Indicators provide clear statements of the
    precise information needed to assess whether
    proposed changes have occurred.
  • Indicators can be quantitative (numeric) or
    qualitative (descriptive observations)

11
Generic Project Management Cycle
Start Project
1. Initial Assessment
2. Problem/Stakeholder Analysis
6. Evaluation / Lessons Learned
5. Monitoring
3. Project Design
4. Implementation
12
Project Management CycleWith M E Post-Disaster
1. Initial Assessment
2. Problem/Stakeholder Analysis
6. Evaluation / Lessons Learned
5. Monitoring
3. Project Design
4. Implementation
13
How is each stage of the project cycle linked to
environmental monitoring?
  • Initial Assessment
  • Problem/Stakeholder analysis
  • Project Design
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring
  • Evaluation/Lessons Learned
  • Take 3-4 minutes and write answer on flip chart.

14
Case Study Tropico
  • Small arid country
  • Drought for three years
  • Mainly rural population
  • Needs assessment indicate high rate of
    malnutrition among children under 5

http//www.radio86.co.uk/system/files/images/droug
ht1.jpg
15
Analysis Defining the problem
Malnutrition
16
Plan the Response
How and where to attack the problem?
17
Plan the Response
But this solutiondoesnt address root causes
18
Plan the Response
Salt intrusion from disaster
Poor cropproduction
Lack ofirrigation
Another intervention point
Drought/Desertification
Destruction of irrigation infrastructure
19
Plan the Response
Salt intrusion from disaster
Reduce incidence ofmalnutrition
Destruction of irrigation infrastructure
20
Plan the Response
Additional intervention points
Increasedavailabilityof inputs
Reduce incidence ofmalnutrition
Increasecropproductivity
Improvedagriculturalpractices
Improvedsoil fertility
Reduce erosion
Increaseavailabilityof water
Irrigationprovided
Improvedadaptationto climatechange
21
Identify Environmental Impactsof the
Intervention Points
  • Example Increase availability of agricultural
    inputs
  • Potential environmental
    impacts
  • Inputs
  • Activity
  • Outputs

Invasive/non-native species
Seeds tools
Increased farming activity
Increased forest conversion for agriculture
Increased cropyields
None
This analysis is the essence of our workshop.
22
How to Integrate Environmental Issues into
Project Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Step 1 Adapt your goal statement to include
    environmental conditions
  • Step 2 Adapt the outputs
  • Step 3 Integrate the environment into your
    project activities
  • Step 4 Consider the role of the environment in
    your assessment risks
  • Step 5 Integrate environmental indicators into
    project monitoring
  • Step 6 Integrate the environment into project
    evaluation
  • See Handout 2.2.1

23
Exercise Taking the Steps
  • Set up your flip chart paper like this

Step 1. Project objective Step 2. Project
output Step 3. Project activity Step 4. ID
assumptions risk Step 5. Integrate
env.indicators into project monitoring
24
Step 1 Adapt your Goal Statement to include
Environmental Conditions
  • Example of a goal Improve food security of
    vulnerable populations in post-conflict areas.
  • No intervention point for environment here.
  • BUT, if we change it to Improve food security of
    vulnerable populations in post-conflict areas
    while maintaining integrity of local natural
    resources.
  • THEN we can address, for example
  • depletion of freshwater resources
  • introduction of invasive species
  • increasing forest conversion to agriculture

25
Exercise Step 1
  • Adapt your assigned goal to include environmental
    considerations
  • Group 1 Reduce incidence of disease caused by
    poor sanitation
  • Group 2 Provide shelter for all disaster
    affected families
  • Group 3 Provide employment opportunities for
    1,000 disaster impacted unemployed workers

26
Step 2 Adapt the Outputs
27
Step 2 Adapt the Outputs
  • The initial outputs
  • Increased availability of agricultural inputs
    (seeds and tools)
  • Improved soil fertility
  • Increased availability of water
  • can become.
  • Revised outputs
  • Increased availability of local seeds
    (non-invasive)
  • Improved soil fertility without use of harmful
    chemicals
  • Increased availability of sustainably sourced
    water for crop production

28
Exercise Step 2
  • Integrate the environment into your project
    outputs
  • Group 1 Adequate latrines for all disaster
    affected families
  • Group 2 Adequate shelters available for all
    affected families
  • Group 3 Livelihood options available to the
    affected population

29
Step 3 Integrate Environment into Project
Activities
outputs
Activities
  • Increased availability of local seeds
    (non-invasive)
  • Improved soil fertility without use of harmful
    chemicals
  • Increased availability of sustainable sourced
    water for crop production
  • Seed multiplication of locally available
    (non-invasive) seeds
  • Train local farmers on composting techniques
  • Establish irrigation systems where sufficient
    water sources exist

30
Exercise Step 3
  • Adapt your activities to include environmental
    conditions
  • Groups 1, 2 and 3 Identify at least one
    activity that will achieve the output you
    designed in the Step 2 exercise

31
Step 4 Consider the Role of the Environment in
your Assumptions and Risks
  • For all projects there are assumptions about how
    your activities will yield the outputs
  • Risks the degree of the probability of problems
    resulting from the activity

32
Exercise Step 4
  • Identify assumptions and risks.
  • Groups 1, 2 and 3 Identify at least one
    assumption you made and at least one risk
    regarding the activity you proposed in the Step 2
    exercise.

33
Step 5 Integrate Environmental Indicators into
Project Monitoring
  • What is the difference between an environmental
    indicator and a regular monitoring indicator?

34
More About Indicators After Lunch
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