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Environmental Issues Update

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Environmental Regulations China Oil Pollution Regulations Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Ship-Induced Pollution of the Marine Environment 1st March ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Issues Update


1
Environmental Issues Update
  • Environmental Issues
  • Ship strikes on whales
  • Noise pollution
  • Biofouling
  • Environmental Regulations
  • Air emissions GHG TEEMP
  • Ballast water
  • China pollution laws
  • Some thoughts for the future

2
  • 1. Environmental Issues

3
1. Environmental issues
  • Todays Environmental Agenda...
  • Anti-fouling systems
  • Ballast Water management
  • Biofouling
  • Ship Recycling
  • Port Reception Facilities (adequacy
    affordability)
  • Waste management (onboard and ashore)
  • Stern tube lube oil releases
  • Polar shipping
  • Marine Noise pollution
  • Whale strikes
  • Spill Prevention and Response Planning
  • VOC emission reductions
  • Exhaust Gas emissions (Annex VI its revisions)
  • Green House Gas emissions

4
1. Environmental Issues Ship strikes on whales
  • International Issue
  • IMOs Guidance to States - routing measures and
    speed restrictions, but initiated/regulated
    through IMO
  • Regional Laws
  • USA speed restrictions and speeding fines!

Source IFAW
5
1. Environmental Issues Noise pollution
  • Adverse anthropogenic marine/ocean noise impacts
    on cetaceans and other biota
  • or...
  • Noise pollution and its effect on marine mammals
  • IMO
  • Technical Guidelines for ship-quieting
    technologies plus potential navigational and
    operational practices

Shipping noise increasing by 3dB per decade
6
1. Environmental Issues Biofouling
  • but first...Anti-fouling Systems
  • Entry into force of the AFS Convention
  • INTERTANKO Environmental Committee
  • Move towards biocide-free systems
  • Comparison of silicon systems
  • Antifouling Problem Chemical
  • Biofouling Problem Biological

Invasive species a different route for organisms
other than ballast water
7
1. Environmental Issues Biofouling
  • Biofouling as an issue for the IMO invasive
    species

Organisms found in the sea chest hydroids,
bryozoans, mussels
Organisms found in the sea chest
8
1. Environmental Issues Biofouling
  • Biofouling
  • Scale of issue defined and indication of severity
    in relation to ballast water
  • 36 of species introduced into North America
    attributed to biofouling
  • 77 of species introduced into Port Phillip,
    Australia attributed to biofouling
  • Hull resistance management - Micro versus Macro
    biofouling
  • Air emissions benefits
  • Invasive species benefits

9
1. Environmental Issues Biofouling
  • Biofouling going forward
  • IMO Guidelines
  • National hull management requirements USA
    Australia
  • Ban on hull management/cleaning !

10
  • 2. Environmental Regulations

11
2. Environmental Regulations Air emissions
Greenhouse Gases (GHG)
  • March 2010 IMO agreed on
  • Mandatory (MARPOL Annex VI) Energy Efficiency
    Design Index (EEDI) for new ships
  • Guidelines for voluntary use of the ship Energy
    Efficiency Operations Indicator (EEOI)
  • Guidelines for Ship Energy Efficiency Management
    Plan (SEEMP) and inclusion in MARPOL Annex VI
  • Expert Group to assess impacts on shipping and
    trade of Market Based Instruments (MBIs)
  • Proposals Cap and Trade / Compensation scheme /
    Hybrid
  • Note Most propsals based on EEDI as benchmark

12
2. Environmental Regulations Air emissions
Greenhouse Gases (GHG)
  • Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan
  • Developed as a ship-specific plan by the ship
    owner
  • Part 1 What the Plan should look like in four
    parts
  • Planning Package of measures identified Goal
    setting
  • Implementation Implementation system
  • Monitoring Monitoring system (tools and record
    keeping)
  • Self-evaluation Improvement Voluntary
    reporting
  • Part 2 List of possible options for improving
    energy efficiency (use of INTERTANKOs Guide)

13
2. Environmental Regulations Air emissions
Greenhouse Gases (GHG)
  • INTERTANKOs Guide for a Tanker Efficiency and
    Emission Management Plan
  • Introduction
  • Establishing the Company and Ship Management
    Plans
  • Voyage Optimisation Programme
  • Propulsion Resistance Management Programme
  • Machinery Optimisation Programme
  • Cargo Handling Optimisation
  • Energy Conservation Awareness Plan
  • Also introduces elements associated with the
    over-lap between SEEMP and OCIMF TMSA Fuel
    Management Appendix

14
Possible measures
15
Possible measures
16
Industry Study
17
Possible Abatement Measures
  • Gas fuelled engines
  • Electronic engine control
  • Waste heat recovery
  • Air cavity lubrication
  • Contra-rotating propeller
  • Fuels cells as auxiliary engines
  • Frequency converters
  • Exhaust gas boilers on auxiliary engines
  • Energy efficient light systems
  • Wing generator
  • Wind power kite
  • Wind power fixed sails or wings
  • Solar panels
  • Solar panels
  • Trim/draft optimising
  • Weather routing
  • Voyage execution
  • Steam plant operational improvements
  • Speed reduction due to port efficiency
  • Propeller condition
  • Speed reduction due to fleet increase
  • Hull condition
  • Propulsion efficiency devices
  • Cold ironing
  • Engine monitoring
  • Reduced auxiliary power usage

18
2. Ballast Water Management Issue Development
19
2. Environmental Regulations Ballast Water
Management
  • IMO Ballast Water Convention
  • Entry into force dates
  • Technology
  • Guidelines

20
2. Environmental Regulations Ballast Water
Management
  • Entry into force - 1
  • The BWM Convention will enter into force 12
    months after ratification by 30 States,
    representing 35 per cent of world merchant
    shipping tonnage.
  • As at 26 April 2010 22 countries representing
    22.65 of world merchant shipping tonnage
  • Canada now makes 23 countries
  • Awaiting Brazil...
  • Implementation dates still important...

21
2. Environmental Regulations Ballast Water
Management
  • Entry into force - 2
  • Summary of implementation dates
  • Ship constructed before 2009
  • BW capacity 1500-5000m3 have treatment system
    from first intermediate or renewal survey after
    anniversary date in 2014
  • BW capacity less than 1500m3 and greater than
    5000m3 have to have treatment system from first
    intermediate or renewal survey after anniversary
    date in 2016
  • Ship constructed in or after 2009
  • BW capacity less than 5000m3 shall have a
    treatment system installed at its second annual
    survey and no later than 31/12/2011
  • Ship constructed after 2009 but before 2012
  • and with a BW capacity greater than 5000m3 shall
    have a treatment system from first intermediate
    or renewal survey after anniversary date in 2016
  • Ship constructed in or after 2012
  • with a BW capacity of greater than 5000m3 shall
    be constructed with a BW treatment system

22
2. Environmental Regulations Ballast Water
Management
Concern expressed over treatment systems to meet
2012 deadline INTERTANKO Environmental Committee
need to find solutions to assist members and
seek evidence that systems will work in practice
what are the members experience and information
  • Treatment
  • Generation of chemicals
  • Approval
  • Capital Cost (USD)
  • Power Consumption
  • Other Costs consumables, spares, maintenance
  • Operating costs10-year
  • Cost (Capex Opex)
  • Size (m3)
  • Weight (kg)
  • Pressure Drop
  • installations/contracts
  • Largest installation

23
2. Environmental Regulations Ballast Water
Management
  • IMO BWM Convention
  • States continue to implement IMO Convention, e.g.
    Norway
  • Implementation issues arising Ballast Water
    Record Book format
  • Other States seek to go beyond IMO Convention,
    e.g. USA
  • IMO list of Guidelines continues to be important
    but overlooked by operators

Guidelines for Ballast Water Sampling
Guidelines for Ballast Water Management and Development of Ballast Water Management Plans
Guidelines for Ballast Water Exchange
Guidelines for Ballast Water Exchange Design and Construction Standards
Guidelines for Sediment Control on Ships
24
  • China Oil Pollution Regulations

25
2. Environmental RegulationsChina Oil Pollution
Regulations
  • Regulations on the Prevention and Control of
    Ship-Induced Pollution of the Marine Environment
  • 1st March 2010
  • Any ship-induced pollution accident or any
    ship-related operation that causes or may cause
    pollution damage to the internal waters,
    territorial seas, and the contiguous zones,
    exclusive economic zones and continental shelves
    of the PRC and all other sea areas under the
    jurisdiction of the PRC
  • Need for ship emergency response plans
  • All ships, except those of less than 1,000gt and
    not carrying oil cargoes, must carry insurance to
    cover claims for pollution
  • The limit of liability is that in the PRC
    Maritime Code (LLMC 76).
  • The insurance must be provided by an entity
    approved by the China MSA
  • The operators of any ships carrying bulk
    hazardous and pollutant liquid cargo shall
    contract with an MSA approved local clean-up
    contractor
  • It would seem that there this no limit of
    liability PRC Maritime Code (LLMC 76)
  • Receivers of persistent oil cargoes are required
    to contribute to the PRC Fund, which would
    compensate for ship-induced pollution claims that
    are in excess of CLC limits.
  • Provisions for discharge and receipt of waste
    (port reception facilities)

26
2. Environmental IssuesChina Oil Pollution
Regulations
  • Regulations on the Prevention and Control of
    Ship-Induced Pollution of the Marine Environment
  • INTERTANKO Observations and Queries
  • Await an official english translation and further
    guidance
  • Not certain whether CLC 92 for persistent oil or
    Bunker Convention 2001 for ships over 1,000gt
    would suffice in terms of insurance
  • Entities approved by the China MSA to provide
    insurance cover PI?
  • Require a list of approved clean-up contractors
    asap deadline was 1st March
  • Although China is not a party to the Fund,
    contributions to a PRC Fund would seem to be a
    local variation on the CLC Fund principle
  • Assumed that SOPEP and SMPEP would suffice as the
    ship emergency plans
  • Not clear whether standardised advance
    notification forms and waste delivery receipts
    for port waste reception facilities will be used
  • IG PI clubs state delay for 3 months no
    official proof/evidence received but no negative
    reports to date...

27
  • Environmental Issues
  • Ship strikes on whales
  • Noise pollution
  • Biofouling
  • Environmental Regulations
  • Air emissions GHG TEEMP
  • Ballast water
  • China pollution laws
  • Some thoughts for the future

28
3. Some final thoughts
  • On rules and regulations...
  • 1. Issues generate guidelines. If guidelines
    deemed not to be working, legislation is
    proposed, developed and adopted.
  • 2. Regional legislation frequently leads to
    international legislation.
  • On the environment and environmental issues...
  • 3. Environmental awareness and an environmental
    culture needs to be evident. Mandatory (STCW)
    amendments simply the baseline/minimum
    requirement.
  • 4. An appreciation of the environment is not
    simply something for work but importantly, for
    life in general.

29
www.intertanko.com
thank you
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