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Emergency/Disaster Preparedness

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Emergency/Disaster Preparedness By: Ashley L. Mercer, MPH Student Walden University PUBH 6165-5 Instructor: Dr. Jalal Ghaemghami Term: 3, Year: 2010 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emergency/Disaster Preparedness


1
Emergency/Disaster Preparedness
  • By Ashley L. Mercer, MPH Student
  • Walden University
  • PUBH 6165-5
  • Instructor Dr. Jalal Ghaemghami
  • Term 3, Year 2010

2
What is it?
  • Emergency preparedness
  • Means being prepared for all kinds of
    emergencies, being able to respond in time of
    crisis to save lives and property, and to help a
    community, or even a nation, return to normal
    life after a disaster occurs (BSA, 2009)
  • Types of Emergencies
  • Earthquakes, outbreaks, floods, explosions,
    wildfires, hurricanes, etc (CDC, 2010).

3
Emergency Preparedness
  • Emergency management, emergency preparedness, and
    disaster services are common throughout the
    United States (BSA, 2010) .
  • It prepares people for emerging and unexpected
    public health threats before and after they
    occur.
  • When disasters occur, there are individuals,
    organizations, and professionals who are trained
    to respond to such disasters to improve public
    health outcomes (CDC, 2010).

4
Emergency Preparedness is supplied through.
  • Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness
    and Emergency Response (COTPER).
  • North Carolina Office of Public Health
    Preparedness and Response
  • Albemarle Regional Health Services Public Health
    Preparedness and Response (PHRP)

5
On the National Level
  • COTPER
  • Helps the nation prepare for and respond to
    public health threats.
  • Provide strategic direction, support, and
    coordination for preparedness activities.
  • Annually receives 1 billion to build and
    strengthen national preparedness (CDC, 2010).
  • Emergency Preparedness and Response
  • Intended to increase the ability to prepare and
    respond to public health emergencies.

6
On the State Level
  • North Carolina Office of Public Health
    Preparedness and Response.
  • Gained momentum in spring 2002 due to the
    availability of grant money for a dedicated
    Office of Public Health Preparedness and
    Response (NC DHHS, 2009).

7
On the Local Level
  • ARHS PHPR
  • Works to keep everyone in the communities safe
    and prepared for any disaster.
  • Current Project
  • H1N1 virus

8
Recent Health Emergencies
  • H1N1 (swine flu)
  • Earthquake in Haiti
  • Salmonella Outbreak

9
H1N1 (swine flu)
  • New flu stand that is passed from
    person-to-person as does the seasonal flu.

10
Haitis Earthquake
  • Struck Haiti with a score of a 12.1

11
Salmonella
  • Infection outbreak due to contact with water
    frogs, which included African Dwarf Frogs (CDC).

12
Prevention
  • Salmonella
  • Hand Washing.
  • Watch for Symptoms

13
Prevention
  • H1N1 (swine flu)
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Hand Washing
  • Cough/sneeze in a sleeve,
  • tissue, or elbow

14
Sources
  • ARHS, (2009, December). ARHS PHPR. Albemarle
    Regional Health Services. Retrieved January 20,
    2010 from ARHS Web site http//www.arhs-phpr.org/
    .
  • BSA, (2009). Emergency Preparedness. Boy Scouts
    of America. Retrieved January 20, 2010 from BSA
    Web site http//www.scouting.org/scoutsource/Medi
    a/Publications/EmergencyPreparedness.aspx.
  • CDC, (2009, March). Coordinating Office for
    Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    Retrieved January 20, 2010 from CDC Web site
    http//emergency.cdc.gov/cotper/.
  • CDC, (2010, January 7). Outbreak of Human
    Salmonella. Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from CDC
    Web site http//www.cdc.gov/salmonella/typh1209/i
    ndex.html .
  • CDC, (2010, January 12). 2009 H1N1 flu (swine
    flu) and You. Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from CDC
    Web site http//www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/qa.htm.
  • CDC, (2010, January 19). CDC Responds to the
    Haiti Earthquake. Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention. Retrieved January 20, 2010 from CDC
    Web site http//emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/earth
    quakes/haiti/cdc_earthquake_response.asp.
  • CDC, (2010). Emergency Preparedness and Response
    What CDC is Doing. Centers for Disease Control
    and Prevention. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from
    CDC Web site http//www.bt.cdc.gov/cdc/.
  • CDC, (2010). Emergency Preparedness and Response.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    Retrieved January 21, 2010 from CDC Web site
    http//emergency.cdc.gov/.
  • NC DHHS, (2009, August). Bioterrorism and Disease
    Surveillance . The Office of Public Health
    Preparedness and Response. Department of Health
    and Human Services. Retrieved January 20, 2010
    from NC DHHS from Web site http//www.epi.state.n
    c.us/epi/phpr/.

15
Thank You!!!!
  • Questions?
  • Comments/Concerns?
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