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Community Policing


Community Policing Developed in Response To the changes that put police in cars and removed them from neighborhoods To understanding that modern law enforcement has ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Community Policing

Community Policing
Developed in Response
  • To the changes that put police in cars and
    removed them from neighborhoods
  • To understanding that modern law enforcement has
    not been able to make communities safer (for the
    most part) or to reduce fear of crime
  • To the recognition that both the extent and
    nature of crime in our communities require
    different police strategies

It requires
  • the active participation of local government,
    civic and business leaders, and public officials
  • fundamental changes in the structure and
    management of police organizations
  • that police goals be expanded beyond crime
    control and prevention
  • that police use a wide variety of methods to
    achieve these goals.

Two Core Components
  • Focus on
  • community partnerships
  • problem solving instead of crime fighting
  • It is a philosophy more so than a specific set of
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  • Community Coordinated Responses
  • Family Justice Units
  • Specialized Domestic Violence Officers/Units

Coordinated Response Model
  • Duluth Pioneer in the Field
  • Interagency Communication and Cooperation key to
    the process
  • Usually established a task force model whereby
    all stakeholders come to the table to coordinate
    the responses of all stakeholders
  • Key Components Establish Philosophical
    Approach Networking/Interagency Communication
    and Cooperation Policy/Protocol Development
    Support for Victims Accountability Evaluation

Philosophical Approach
  • Creating a coherent philosophical approach that
    makes victim safety the most important goal
  • Eliminate victim blaming (attitudes and
  • Ask why should she use the system?
  • Understanding that the perpetrator is responsible
  • Examine all reforms to look for unintended
    consequences that may put the victim in harms

Networking/Interagency Communication and
  • Interagency dialogue is a must
  • The process of setting up any Council is critical
  • Regular, focused meetings

Policy/Protocol Development
  • Focus on agency accountability
  • Focus on individual accountability
  • Helps ensure that change is lasting beyond
    individuals who may leave agencies

Support for Victims
  • Ensures that all essential services exist,
    identifies needs, and targets funding and
    implementation in areas where services are
  • Asks How does this practice improve or impair a
    victims protection and safety?

  • Provides opportunities for treatment and change
    of offenders, but focus is always on
  • Assesses all responses to ensure that batterers
    are held accountable at all levels.
  • Holds agencies responsible for ensuring that
    batterers are held accountable

Evaluate Progress
  • Collect data and use it to evaluate changes
  • Willingness to change policies and procedures in
    light of findings
  • Recognizing that some data will be difficult to
    deal with

Key Questions
  • What will improve the community response?
  • What kind of resistance will there be to a
    different proposal?
  • Why would that resistance be there?
  • Who are the key leaders to sell on trying
    something new?
  • How could proposed changes backfire for the
    community, the police, the victim?
  • What kind of training on the proposed changes
    will be needed?
  • How can changes be institutionalized

Impact for Law Enforcement Officers
  • Need to play an active role in working with
    coordinating councils
  • Councils ultimately help officers because when
    all systems work together
  • victims will be more apt to cooperate with
    officers in arrest situations and be more apt to
    use the criminal justice system at all levels,
  • officers will have more options at their disposal
    including referrals to service agencies that will
    respond effectively and ultimately reduce the
    need for victims to rely upon police response.

Family Justice Centers (FJC)
  • Pioneered in San Diego.
  • Are a place where all (or many) services for
    victims of domestic violence are provided in one
  • Reduces the burden of accessing multiple service
  • Increases interagency coordination
  • Services may include domestic violence advocacy,
    prosecution, police, housing assistance, income
    assistance, civil legal assistance, medical
    assessment and/or treatment, and faith-based

Specialized Domestic Violence Units/Officers
  • In large police departments
  • May involve patrol officers, detectives, crime
    analysts, victim advocates
  • Idea is that they become specialists in the
  • In smaller departments, one or two officers can
    have these same role

  • A police response that sees domestic violence as
    integral to community policing and which engages
    with community wide responses will provide better
    services to victims, enhance police response, and
    help officers responding to calls for service.