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The Renaissance The Travels of Marco Polo

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The Renaissance The Travels of Marco Polo Lesson 12-4 Horrible Histories Marvelous Marco Polo 25m Explorers of the World Marco Polo 25m – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance The Travels of Marco Polo


1
The RenaissanceThe Travels of Marco Polo
  • Lesson 12-4
  • Horrible Histories Marvelous Marco Polo 25m
  • Explorers of the World Marco Polo 25m

1
2
  • TN SPI
  • 6.6.2 Recognize the impact of individuals on
    world history Marco Polo
  • 6.6.1 Identify examples of groups impacting
    world history
  • 6.5.13 Identify the impact of advances in
    technology on history (exploration during the
    1400s)
  • 6.2.2 Identify major trade routes Silk Road

3
Marco The Storyteller
  • He often told of adventures to faraway places
    such as China.
  • Marco had traveled to China and the Indies the
    islands off the China coast.
  • He told stories about meeting Kublai Khan,
    Chinas ruler, and seeing amazing things white
    bears, black stones that burned, and a place
    where night lasted all winter and day lasted all
    summer.

4
Marco Millions
  • People in his hometown of Venice, Italy laughed
    and called him Marco Millions because he told so
    many tales.
  • Few Europeans had ever been to Asia, so they
    could not prove Marco was wrong.
  • They thought his stories could not be true but
    many were.

5
Marcos Travels
  • Marco left his home in Venice, Italy in 1271 with
    his father Niccolo and his uncle Maffeo.
  • They were caravan traders who traveled the Silk
    Road and were interested in the riches of the
    east.
  • Four years after beginning their journey, the
    Polos reached China.

6
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7
Trade Routes to the East
  • Europeans carried on a busy trade with the people
    of Asia.
  • Europeans wanted gold, jewels, silk, perfumes,
    furs, jade, ivory, and especially spices.
    (pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg)
  • They used the spices to make their food taste
    better and to hide the bad taste of spoiled meat.

8
Silk Road
  • About 4,000 miles long, the Silk Road was a
    series of trade routes connecting the east to the
    west. (Asia to Europe)
  • The trade route was traveled by caravan traders
    and bandits who made travel much more dangerous.
  • The Silk Road was physically difficult for
    travel.
  • Caravans needed their own defense forces so forts
    and walls were built along the Silk Road for
    protection.

9
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10
Genghis Khan
  • When Genghis Khan unified the region as the
    Mongolian Empire, the Silk Road became an
    important path for communication.
  • Travel across the Silk Road was safe for a time
    under Mongol control.
  • Cultural diffusion - The movement of customs and
    ideas from one culture to another.

11
Marcos Adventures
  • Marcos father introduced his son to Chinas
    ruler, Kublai Khan.
  • Kublai Khan asked Marco to explore his kingdom.
  • Marco spent twenty-four years working for the
    Khan.
  • Marco Polo returned home with his pockets full of
    jewels.

12
Kublai Khan
  • Kublai Khan was Chinas Mongol ruler.
  • Marco described his palace as having walls
    covered with gold and silver.
  • One hall was so big that a meal might be served
    for more than 6,000 men.

13
The Travels of Marco Polo
  • Upon returning to Venice, Marco became the
    captain of a Venetian ship.
  • Venice and Genoa, two Italian city-states, were
    involved in battle.
  • Marco was captured and thrown into prison.
  • While there his stories were written down.
  • Two hundred years later, The Travels of Marco
    Polo was published.

14
Trade Routes to the East
  • For most European traders travel to Asia and back
    was too hard and took too much time.
  • In 1453 trade with the Far East was stopped by
    Muslim Turks after they captured the city of
    Constantinople.
  • A new trade route to China would have to be found.

15
A New Trade Route?
  • Kingdoms in Europe began to explore the
    possibility of a water route to Asia.
  • They were not willing to give up the luxury goods
    they had become accustomed to.
  • Portugal was the first to search for a faster
    water route to China by sailing around Africa.

16
Reasons for Exploration
  • It was long before Spain, England, and Italy
    joined Portugal in the search of new lands.
  • Why? Claiming new lands would
  • Increase their territory establish colonies
  • Increase their wealth trade goods
  • Spread their religion- Christianity

17
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