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Heart of Darkness

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Heart of Darkness First Impressions Look at the image below. What is your initial response to the image and why? What do you think is being depicted in the image? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Heart of Darkness


1
Heart of Darkness
  • First Impressions

2
Look at the image below. What is your initial
response to the image and why?
3
What do you think is being depicted in the image?
4
What is your response now and why?
5
In what ways do the details make sense in the
context of the picture as a whole?
6
In what ways did looking too closely at only a
part of the image get in the way of you being
able to understand what the image looks like?
7
In what ways would a photograph of the scene
depicted in the painting be different? In other
words, how might the experience/ response change
if you were to have looked at a photograph of the
scene that the painter was looking at when he
created his work?
8
About the middle of the nineteenth century the
French painters Manet, Monet, Degas, Renoir, and
others revolted from the conventional and
academic conceptions of painting and held that it
was more important to retain the impressions an
object makes
Georges Seurat Clothes on the Grass
9
on the artist than meticulously to present the
appearance of that object by precise detail and
careful, realistic finish. . . They suggested the
features of an object with a few strokes they
were more interested in ATMOSPHERE
Renoir Rising Path Through High Grass
10
than in perspective or outline. Instead of
painting a tree, says Lewis Mumford, the
impressionist painted the effect of a tree.
The movement had its counterpart in literature,
writers accepting the same conviction that
personal attitudes and moods of the writer were
legitimate elements in exploring character or
setting or action.
Degas Bathers on the Grass
11
Briefly, the literary impressionist holds that
the expression of such elements as these through
the fleeting impression of a moment is more
significant artistically than a photographic
presentation of cold fact.
Monet Luncheon on the Grass
12
The object of the impressionist, then, is not to
present his material as it is to the objective
observer but as it is seen or felt to be by
himself in a single passing moment. - C. Hugh
Holman, A Handbook to Literature
Picasso Luncheon on the Grass
13
Impressionist writer characteristics They use
a narrative style that is intentionally
ambiguous, placing more responsibility on the
reader to form his or her conclusions about
events within the novel, rather than relying on
the narrator.
Manet Luncheon on the Grass
14
They often describe the action through the eyes
of the character while the events are occurring,
rather than providing details after the character
has already processed the action. The result is
sometimes like being in an accident where
everything appears to be moving in slow motion.
All of the details seem unclear.
15
Theyre concerned with the emotional
landscape of the setting. Theyre interested in
ways the setting evokes certain emotional
responses from both the character and the reader.
16
They employ details in such a way that its
sometimes difficult to see a clear picture of
events if you focus on the details too closely.
Much like an impressionistic painting, its only
possible to get a full picture once you stand
back from the novel and view it in its entirety.
17
They often avoid a chronological telling of
events. Instead, they give the reader
information in a way that forces them to focus on
how and why things happen rather than on the
order in which they occur.
18
The following passage from Joseph Conrads Heart
of Darkness reflects the impressionist style of
writing
I saw a face amongst the leaves on the level
with my own, looking at me very fierce and
steady and then suddenly, as though a veil had
been removed from my eyes, I made out, deep in
the tangled gloom, naked breasts, arms, legs,
glaring eyes the bush was swarming with human
limbs in movement, glistening, of bronze colour.
The twigs shook, swayed, and rustled, the arrows
flew out of them, and then the shutter came to.
19
I saw a face amongst the leaves on the level
with my own, looking at me very fierce and
steady and then suddenly, as though a veil had
been removed from my eyes, I made out, deep in
the tangled gloom, naked breasts, arms, legs,
glaring eyes the bush was swarming with human
limbs in movement, glistening, of bronze colour.
The twigs shook, swayed, and rustled, the arrows
flew out of them, and then the shutter came to.
Notice how Conrads narrator reports things as
they are happening, before hes had a chance to
process the information. Notice also the
attention
to color and movement. Its interesting to note
that at this point, the speaker is actually under
attack. Yet it takes him a few more lines before
he realizes this, further enhancing the sense
that the reader is experiencing the attack with
the narrator.
Joseph Conrad
20
Its important to note here that authors dont
subscribe to a particular school and then write
according to a set of rules or standards.
Pissaro Woman Picking Grass
21
Its generally critics who come along later and
notice trends between various artists
Pissaro Woman Picking Grass
22
who then place the artists in the various
categories. To get a better idea of what an
impressionist painting looks like, visit the
Metropolitan Museum of Arts Web site at
http//www.metmuseum.org
Pissaro Woman Picking Grass
23
To get a better idea of what an impressionist
work of literature looks like, get ready to
plunge into . . .
24
Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
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