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What is the Curriculum/Program Development Process? What leadership will you offer?

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Title: What is the Curriculum/Program Development Process? What leadership will you offer?


1
What is the Curriculum/Program Development
Process?What leadership will you offer?
How does it work in your organization? Share
with your group..
2
Glatthorns Model
School Board
Citizens Curriculum Advisory Council
Superintendent
Curriculum Planning Council
Principals
Task Forces
School Curriculum Council
Curriculum Writers
Instructional Planning Teams
3
Organizational components (1-15) needed to
accomplish effective curriculum work
  1. District org structure for central curriculum
    planning
  2. District org structure for developing curriculum
  3. District org structure for citizen input
  4. District long-term plan for developing curriculum
  5. District requires groups developing curriculum to
    submit specific plans for accomplishing this task
    (Are plans monitored?)
  6. Written Board policies delineating its role in
    curriculum development
  7. District written curriculum goals
  8. District written vision of excellence for
    curriculum

Do you have these components?
4
  1. Written, systematic district process for
    developing and evaluating curriculum
  2. Systematic district process for aligning
    instruction with written curriculum, texts and
    assessments
  3. Systematic district process for monitoring the
    curriculum
  4. Systematic district process for implementing the
    curriculum
  5. Each school has its own goals, vision and written
    program of studies
  6. Classroom teachers develop yearly plans, courses
    of study and integrated units
  7. District audit assesses the quality of the
    delivered curriculum

5
Who could/should/might be involved in the
curriculum planning process?
  • Citizens Curriculum Advisory Council
  • Curriculum Planning Council
  • Curriculum Task Forces
  • Curriculum Writers
  • School Curriculum Council
  • Instructional Planning Teams

What about me?
6
Whos Involved? What do they do? Citizens
Curriculum Advisory Council
  • Superintendent and assistant superintendent for
    curriculum AND members appointed by the Board
    with input from school administrators
  • Council acts in an advisory capacity to School
    Board
  • Advise Board on curriculum policy
  • Foster communication by meeting with individuals
    and community groups concerned about the
    curriculum
  • Hold hearings on controversial curriculum issues,
    communicate recommendations to Board
  • Confer with Curriculum Planning Council and
    individual Task Forces to share community beliefs
    and opinions about curriculum issues

7
Whos Involved? What do they do?Curriculum
Planning Council
  • Central Office staff, school administrators,
    professional support staff, teachers (selection
    based on knowledge of district, ability to plan,
    knowledge of current curriculum practices,
    credibility with colleagues
  • Organize Planning Council, set schedule, choose
    leadership, determine how decisions will be made
  • Provide leadership in identifying educational
    goals and developing a vision of curriculum
    excellence
  • Explicate the districts curriculum guide
    development process
  • Develop and submit budget recommendations for
    curriculum work
  • Arrange for necessary leadership training and
    staff development

8
  1. Identify a standard format for the curriculum
    guides
  2. Identify and implement curriculum evaluation
    processes
  3. Develop processes and materials to ensure the
    curriculum is effectively implemented
  4. Conduct a needs assessment to identify priorities
    for developing curriculum guides and related
    materials
  5. Appoint and provide training for Task Forces that
    will develop the actual curriculum guides
  6. Monitor the work of Task Forces

Curriculum Planning Council continued
9
Whos Involved? What do they do?Curriculum
Task Forces
  • One principal from each level of schooling, a
    central office supervisor, several teachers
  • Select people based on
  • Knowledge of the subject area for which they are
    responsible
  • Ability to produce work on schedule
  • Knowledge of the districts curriculum
    development processes
  • Influence with classroom teachers
  • They develop the new curriculum(but not
    necessarily all alone)

10
Whos Involved? What do they do?Curriculum
Writers
  • They assist the Curriculum Task Force with
    writing the curriculum
  • Select members based on
  • Knowledge of the subject
  • Ability to write clearly and effectively

11
Whos Involved? What do they do?School
Curriculum Council
  • School administrators and teacher leaders
  • Makes the major decision concerning school-based
    curriculum development
  • Provide leadership in program restructuring and
    development tasks
  • Develop guidelines for Instructional Planning
    Teams

12
Whos Involved? What do they do?Instructional
Planning Teams
  • Teachers in schools who work together to
    implement the curriculum
  • Their tasks include development of
  • Yearly plans based on the curriculum guide
  • Units of study derived from the guide and yearly
    plans
  • Materials to individualize the curriculum
  • Materials to be used in the classroom

13
What about the student voice?
14
Curriculum Development Cycle
  • Planning -- appoint Task Forces, develop
    knowledge base, orient teachers, develop
    Hallmarks of Excellence, collect data and input
    from teachers
  • Production --manufacture materials including
    scope and sequence charts, developing guides,
    creating materials to support guides
  • Piloting -- partial implementation
  • Implementation -- full implementation

15
Leading the Curriculum/Program Development Process
What type of leader are you?
16
What are your beliefs in people?McGregors
Theory X - Theory Y
Are people generally capable? Can they be trusted
to do a good job? Will they want to do a good
job? Are they capable of doing a good job? How
much supervision and oversight do people require?
17
How do you run meetings?(concern for people or
task)Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid
1,9 country club
9
9,9 team
People
5,5 middle-of-the-road
1,1 impoverished
9,1 produce or perish
0
9
Task
18
Principles of CollaborationDavid StrausHow to
Make Collaboration Work
  • Stakeholder involvement
  • Consensus building
  • Process design
  • Facilitation
  • Group memory

19
Stakeholders
  • What are they?
  • Why are they important?
  • How do you identify them?
  • How do you involve them?
  • What should be their roles/responsibilities?
  • What are the consequences for non-involvement?

20
StakeholdersWho should you involve?
  • Those with formal power to make a decision
  • Those with power to block a decision
  • Those affected by the decision
  • Those with relevant information or expertise

21
How do you build consensus?Phase by phase!! All
must be in the same phase, at the same time, if
the process is to work
  1. Perception
  2. Definition
  3. Analysis
  4. Generation of Alternatives
  5. Evaluation
  6. Decision Making

Problem space
Solution space
22
Attend to Process DesignPathways to Action Model
Vision space
Process Design space
Solution space
Implementation space
Problem space
Agenda Planning You can only be in only one space
at a time Figure out your desired outcomes/what
you want to achieve in the meeting
23
Facilitation Meeting Roles Responsibilities
  • Facilitator
  • Recorder
  • Manager/chairperson
  • participant

Interaction Method -- Shared Responsibility Everyo
ne in the meeting shares responsibility for
making sure that everyone stays in role, thereby
ensuring individuals dont overstep their
function and manipulate the group.
24
Group Memory
  • We can only remember so much (7-10 items, give or
    take a couple). By using a paper to record group
    memory, we can see what we have said and then
    move on.

25
What is the Curriculum/Program Development
Process?What leadership will you offer?
Write this in your Curriculum at a Glance
booklet.
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