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What do the Olympic Games tell us about the 20th century?

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What do the Olympic Games tell us about the 20th century? Details of the individual Olympiads * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Potential themes: who ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What do the Olympic Games tell us about the 20th century?


1
What do the Olympic Games tell us about the 20th
century?
Details of the individual Olympiads
2
Potential themes who can find 12?
  • Impact of war. No games 1916, 1940, 1944. Germany
    not invited to 1920 or 1924.
  • Improving technology and communication.
  • Nationalism (1908)
  • Games used for propaganda/political purposes
    (1972, 1980.1984 )
  • Racial tension (1936, 1968)
  • Affects of world economic crisis (1932, 2012
    compared with 2008)

3
  • Geographical changes (Germanies, Balkans former
    USSR etc)
  • Political changes
  • Changing world order
  • Professionalism v Amateurism Chariots of Fire v
    Ben Johnson
  • Cheating/drugs etc
  • Womens role.
  • Equal rights Paralympics
  • Consumerism
  • Shrinking world
  • Faster transport.
  • And more

4
Paris 1900
  • The discus and hammer throwers often found that
    there wasn't enough room to throw, so their shots
    landed in the trees the hurdles were made out of
    broken telephone poles and the swimming events
    were conducted in the Seine River which had an
    extremely strong current.
  • Women first participated as contestants.

5
1904 - St Louis
  • Only 100 of the 681 who turned up came from
    Europe, about 500 were from the USA.
  • Athletes from the USA had won 238 medals, among
    which 78 were gold, 83 silver and 77 bronze.
  • Germany, the country that came second in the
    medal list, had won only 13 medals... 

6
1908 - London
  • Britain's recent refusal to give Ireland its
    independence caused Irish athletes to boycott the
    Games and caused contestants from the U.S to not
    dip the American flag to the British royalty
    during the opening ceremony (a tradition the U.S.
    continues to this day).

7
1912 - Stockholm
  • The Games also benefited from the use of electric
    timing devices and a public address system which
    were first used at these Olympic Games.

In 1912 Jim Thorpe, a Native American, became the
only man to win both the decathlon and
pentathlon in one year. Officials cancelled his
record and took back his medals when they
learned that he had played professional baseball
8
1916 No games
  • During World War One

9
1920 - Antwerp
  • The world had seen much bloodshed. Should the
    aggressors of the war be invited to the Olympic
    Games? The Olympic ideals stated that all
    countries should be allowed entrance into the
    Games. Though Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Turkey,
    and Hungary were not forbidden to come, they were
    also not sent an invitation by the Organizing
    Committee. These countries were again not invited
    to the 1924 Olympic Games. In addition, the newly
    formed Soviet Union decided not to attend.
    (Athletes from the Soviet Union did not reappear
    at the Olympics until 1952.)

10
1924 Paris
  • It was this Olympics that became fictionalized in
    the Academy Award winning film Chariots of Fire
    in 1981.

11

1928 Amsterdam
  • Germany returned to the Olympic Games for the
    first time since 1912, after being banned from
    the 1920 and 1924 Games. The German team finished
    second in the 1928 medal count.

12
1932-Los Angeles
  • Held during the worldwide Great Depression, many
    nations and athletes were unable to pay for the
    trip to Los Angeles
  • Italy came second in the medal table

13
1936-Berlin
  •  Germany topped the medal table
  • Jesse Owens
  • By allowing only members of the Aryan race to
    compete for Germany, Hitler further promoted his
    ideological belief of racial supremacy. At the
    same time, the party removed signs stating "Jews
    not wanted" and similar slogans from the city's
    main tourist attractions. In an attempt to "clean
    up" Berlin .

14
1940 1944 No games
  • During World War Two

15
1948 - London
  • Not much money after the war
  • It was agreed that the participants would bring
    their own food.
  • London was the first Olympics to have a political
    defection. Gold medal Czech gymnast refused to
    return home, because
  • Russia was now in control
  • No new facilities were built for these Games

16
1952 - Helsinki
  • West Germany got no gold medals, only fully
    recognised by IOC in 1951.
  • USA 40 and USSR 22 dominated as super powers.
    Games became politicised
  • Questions of who now went to the Olympics. West
    and East Germany,
  • China Taiwan?

17
1956 - Melbourne
  • First games that most athletes flew to.
  • USA and USSR still dominate.
  • Some countries boycotted because of way the USSR
    put down a revolt in Hungary
  • Australia third in medal table.

18
1960 - Rome
  • West Germany now fourth in medal table. USSR well
    ahead of USA. Space age Cold War rivalry between
    USA and USSR was seen in the games too.
  • The 1960 Olympic Games were the first Olympics to
    be fully covered by television.

19
1964 - Tokyo
  • The first time South Africa was barred from
    taking part due to its apartheid system in
    sports.
  • Japan third in medal table just 20 year after the
    war.
  • The games were telecast to the United States
    using the first geostationary communication
    satellite, and from there to Europe.

20
1968 Mexico
  • Black Power American athletes Tommy Smith and
    John Carlos demonstrated against racial
    segregation in their country. As they stood on
    the podium to receive their medals for the 200
    metres, they raised black-gloved fists and bowed
    their heads when the American flag was raised.
    This gesture was their way of showing their
    support for the Black Power movement. As a
    result, they were sent home.

21
1972 - Munich
  • Largely overshadowed by what has come to be known
    as the Munich massacre. Arab-Israeli conflict
    leads to 12 Israeli athletes being shot by
    Palestinians.
  • East and West Germany came 3rd and 4th

22
1976 -Montreal
  • West Germany overhauled USA

In protest at a tour of South Africa by the New
Zealand All Blacks rugby union team early in the
year, Congo's officialled a boycott of 28
African nations as the IOC refused to bar the
New Zealand team.
23
1980-Moscow
  • No US presence. Boycott over USSRs invasion of
    Afghanistan. Even Britain came close to
    boycotting.
  • USSR and East Germany dominated.
  • "Third World" athletes qualified for more events
    and took more medals than at any previous
    Olympics

24
1984 Los Angeles
  • No USSR presence. In response to the American-led
    boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14
    Eastern Bloc countries and allies including the
    Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany boycotted the
    Games
  • China 4th in medal table
  • Eleven athletes failed drug tests at the Los
    Angeles Games
  • First time Marathon for women.

25
1988 Seoul S. Korea
  • As of the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South
    Korea, the host city for the Olympics has also
    played host to the Paralympics.
  • Ten athletes were disqualified after drug tests
    revealed steroid abuse

26
1992 Barcelona
  • United Germany took part after the fall of the
    Berlin wall in 1989
  • South Africa was allowed to compete in the
    Olympics for the first time since the 1960 Games,
    after a long suspension for its apartheid policy.

27
1996 Atlanta
  • For the first time, Olympic medals were won by
    the athletes from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus,
    Burundi, Ecuador, Georgia, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan,
    Moldova, Mozambique, Slovakia, Tonga, Ukraine,
    and Uzbekistan

Eleven of the ex-Soviet countries made their
debut
Coca-Cola, whose corporate headquarters is in
Atlanta, received criticism for being the
exclusive drink offered in Olympic venues.
28
2000 - Sydney
  • Torch bearer, and gold medal winner Cathy Freeman
    was Aboriginal.
  • Marion Jones, winner of three gold and two bronze
    medals for the United States, gave them back in
    October 2007 after confessing that she had taken
    drugs.
  • Afghanistan did not participate in 2000, having
    been banned due to the extremist rule of the
    Taliban's oppression of women and its prohibition
    of sports.

29
2004 - Athens
  • For the first time, major broadcasters were
    allowed to serve video coverage of the Olympics
    over For the first time, major broadcasters were
    allowed to serve video coverage of the Olympics
    over the Internet

Also since 2000, Yugoslavia had changed its name
to Serbia and Montenegro
30
2008 Bejing
  • Largest ever medals tally in China's Olympic
    history and marking the first time China has
    ranked first.
  • They had entered the biggest team into the
    Olympics with a huge number of over 600.
  • Efforts to reduce air pollution in the Beijing
    region

31
2012 London
  • What will the issues be then?
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