Aim: How did the ancient Egyptians use the Nile River to develop a successful river civilization? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Aim: How did the ancient Egyptians use the Nile River to develop a successful river civilization?

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Aim: How did the ancient Egyptians use the Nile River to develop a successful river civilization? The Nile River Valley Label & color the map using textbook pg. 39 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aim: How did the ancient Egyptians use the Nile River to develop a successful river civilization?


1
Aim How did the ancient Egyptians use
the Nile River to develop a successful
river civilization?
2
The Nile River ValleyLabel color the map
using textbook pg. 39
3
The Nile River
  • Around 5,000 B.C. People began building farming
    villages in Egypts Nile River valley.
  • Every year the Nile flooded its banks (July
    through October).
  • This flood made the Nile Valley lush and green.

4
The Nile River
Description Length Importance
Location Floods Farming
5
The Gift of the Nile
  • Why was the Nile River considered a gift or a
    blessing from the gods?
  • 2. Why is silt important to Egyptian farmers?
  • 3. Explain why Lower Egypt is north of Upper
    Egypt.

6
Answers
  • The Nile is considered a blessing and a gift
    because it provided water, food, and a means of
    transportation in the desert.
  • 2. Silt is important to farmers because it is
    carried by the river and is deposited where the
    Nile empties into the Mediterranean Sea (delta).
    Silt is extremely fertile and is a mixture of
    tiny bits of soil and rock.
  • 3. The Nile River flows northward and empties
    into the Mediterranean Sea. The lower part of
    the river, or downstream part of the Nile, is
    called Lower Egypt.

7
Keep in mind
8
Union of Two Crowns
  • As time went on, Egyptian farmers learned how to
    produce more surplus crops.
  • Craftworkers in villages used new technology to
    make tools, pottery, and jewelry.
  • Trade increased between towns.
  • Villages joined together under the leadership of
    kings.

9
Pharaoh Menes
  • As communities grew larger, their governments
    changed to meet their many new needs.
  • Towns in Upper Egypt supported a king (Menes) who
    wore a white crown.
  • Towns in Lower Egypt supported a king who wore a
    red crown.

10
Double Crown White Upper Red Lower
11
A System of Writing
  • How was it possible for the pharaohs government
    to keep track of all of its business details?
  • Describe hieroglyphics. What did the ancient
    Egyptians use to write on?
  • How were scribes an example of specialization?
  • 4. How did the Rosetta Stone help unlock the
    meaning of hieroglyphics?

12
Hieroglyphics
13
Scribes Wrote On Papyrus
14
In Conclusion
Why is it important for a civilization to have
a written language? How did the
ancient Egyptians use language to meet
their practical needs?
15
Create Your Own Hieroglyphics
Task Create your own language by drawing ten
different symbols to represent words, ideas or
letters. Be sure to write their meanings below
each picture. Example light a fire or
stand for the letter F Try It! Write a
sentence using as many symbols as possible and
have your partner decode it.
16
The Rosetta Stone
17
Jean Francois Champollion
18
Hieroglyphic Alphabet
  1. Write a message using the hieroglyphic alphabet.
  2. Exchange with a partner and try to decode their
    message.

19
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