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Air Traffic Management: Future Prospects and Strategies

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Air Traffic Management: Future Prospects and Strategies Yasmine El Alj Stephan Wilde Markus Witte Nuria Margarit Dorthe Windeck Angela Won Julia Griese – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Air Traffic Management: Future Prospects and Strategies


1
Air Traffic Management Future Prospects and
Strategies
  • Yasmine El Alj
  • Stephan Wilde
  • Markus Witte

Nuria Margarit Dorthe Windeck Angela Won
  • Julia Griese
  • Margarita Marinova
  • Alexander Zock

2
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Infrastructure/ Regulations
  • Market Mechanisms
  • Operations/ Technology

3
What is Air Traffic Management (ATM)
  • ATM provides for safe, orderly and expeditious
    flow of air traffic both in the air and on the
    ground
  • Division of airspace
  • Vertical (upper/lower airspace, approach) and
    horizontal (regional/national)
  • Defined flight routes and beacons for navigation
  • Controllers optimize trajectories

Source Recherche ENAC
4
Current European ATM situation
Constraints in Capacity
Unilateral Cost Burden
  • Large military airspace
  • Low ATC productivity
  • No growth potential
  • Full skies
  • Non-negotiable ATC
  • charges
  • Risk-free ATC
  • Lufthansas Motivation for Change
  • Growth Strategy
  • Stay Cost Competitive
  • Drive innovation

5
Infrastructure/Regulation
6
Potential ATM development
  • Today
  • Organization
  • Monolithic structure
  • Infrastructure
  • Procedures, technology
  • 47 ATC-organizations
  • 22 operating systems
  • 30 programming languages
  • Tomorrow
  • Organization
  • Multiple authorities (infrastructure, service,
    pricing)
  • Infrastructure
  • Procedures, technology
  • Standardization
  • 1 ATC-organization
  • 1 operating system

European Commission (EC) ATC Airlines technolog
y
7
ATM data sharing via ATM portal
  • Share all data real time
  • Airlines and ATM supply all data
  • Create ATM portal to process data and supply it
    in a meaningful format
  • Advantages
  • Standardized interface and information (e.g. via
    web)
  • Airline can anticipate congestion
  • Can adapt routing real time with adaptive
    decision making
  • Provision of digital data automatically (static
    dynamic)
  • Obstacles
  • ATM labor force
  • Security

decision
Airlines (lobbying, incentives)
ATM
EC, govt
ATM portal
decision
8
Dynamic and flexible airspace utilization
  • Optimize special use airspace (SUA) utilization
    dynamically in a collaborative fashion
  • Differentiate SUA (core, temporary)
  • Optimal use of temporal SUA windows
  • Integrated civil military ATM
  • Supply of real time digital data
  • Advantages
  • More useable airspace (increases capacity)
  • Starting strategic cooperation between airlines
    and military
  • Obstacles
  • Ability to incorporate this data for flight
    planning
  • Security
  • Establish collaboration with military

Incentives (airline ? military) Technology
9
Market Mechanisms
10
Market mechanisms require a new relationship
between airlines and ATC
Airlines
European ATC
New compensation scheme for controllers
  • Differentiation in ATC
  • services offered to airlines
  • Airport/Route congestion
  • pricing
  • Airlines/ATC performance
  • monitoring and penalty system

Slot/Holding time Exchange System
11
Differentiation in ATC services offered to
airlines
  • Possibilities for service differentiation
  • Airline given priority in the airspace/airport
    system in exchange for a higher ATC charges
  • Airlines pooling resources together to pay ATC
    for extra service during peak hours
  • Leasing of exclusive airways (e.g. Star
    Alliance North Atlantic Route)
  • Advantages
  • better punctuality for airlines willing to pay
    extra cost
  • new sources of revenue for ATC

ATC
Service
C
C
C
One for all
ATC
S
S
S
S
C
C
C
One for each
12
Airline ATC clearing house collaboration concept
  • Prerequisite Agreement and negotiation on
    standard gate-to-gate performance benchmarks and
    penalities
  • Clearing house
  • Penalty System entity responsible for the system
    disruption penalized through bonus/malus system
  • airline should depart at scheduled time
  • ATC should provide agreed-upon service
    performance
  • Exchange System between airlines can exchange
    slots and holding time priorities
  • Database containing all data tracked and bonus
    points will be accessible to all stakeholders
    (ATC/ Airlines)

Clearing house
ATC
Airline
Penalty System
Airline
Exchange System
Airline
13
Advantages of clearing house collaboration
ATC
Airlines
  • Requirements for on-time performance will be met
  • Real-time trade-off between punctuality and cost
    through exchange program
  • Stable scheduling process gt reduction in delay
    costs better aircraft utilization
  • Reduced crew costs
  • Better planification for lower airspace/ landing
    approach
  • Bonus for performing at agreed-upon service
    levels
  • Transparency allows ATC not to be blamed
  • ATC is under no obligation to meet standard
  • Gate-to-gate time if airline not departing
    on-time
  • New revenue source for ATC

14
Operations and Technology
15
Better utilization of existing system
  • Solutions to overloading of airspace at peak
    times
  • Expand schedule
  • Low price tickets at low peak times
  • Premium price tickets at high peak times
  • Use secondary airports and enhance intermodality
  • Advantages
  • Create additional capacity
  • Add value to different customer segments
  • Obstacles
  • Regulation of night flying (curfews)
  • Limited public transportation at night
  • Labor issues

16
Unification of flight segments
  • Reduction of ATC complexity by
  • Standardizing of existing ATM procedures and
    technologies
  • Assigning one controller per flight from
    departure to landing
  • Advantages
  • Seamless ATC experience
  • Increased staffing flexibility
  • Less controllers in low traffic segments
  • Obstacles
  • Regulation issues
  • New training concepts
  • Redefinition of controllers

17
ATC of the future
Aircraft at high altitude
No pilots
No controllers
New navigation systems
18
Questions
?
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