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Developmental Disabilities

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Developmental Disabilities Kennette Edmisten Katie Hildreth ... Wehmeyer, M.L. & Agran, M. (2005). Mental Retardation and Intellectual Disabilities. Boston: Pearson. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Developmental Disabilities


1
Developmental Disabilities
  • Kennette Edmisten
  • Katie Hildreth

2
Developmental Disabilities
  • Formerly known as Mental Retardation
  • Characterized by an intelligence score less than
    70.

3
Causes
  • Genetic conditions
  • Down Syndrome
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Phenylketinuria (PKU)
  • Problems during pregnancy and at birth
  • Health problems

4
Incidence
  • 2 of general population
  • 1 out of 10 students who need special education
    have some form of a DD

5
General DD Characteristics
  • Delayed or trouble learning to
  • Crawl or walk
  • Talking or speech development
  • Remembering
  • Understanding social rules
  • Understanding consequences of their actions
  • Solving problems
  • Thinking logically

6
Mild Developmental Disability
  • IQ of 55-69
  • Reading ability up to 7th grade level
  • Requires special ed. services
  • Considered educable
  • May not be identified until 2nd or 3rd grade

7
Moderate Developmental Disability
  • IQ of 35-54
  • Considered trainable
  • Difficulties with coordination
  • Needs very structured classroom
  • Generally taught in self-contained classrooms

8
Severe Developmental Disability
  • IQ of 20-34
  • Great difficulties with coordination and speech
  • Needs constant supervision

9
Profound Developmental Disability
  • IQ of less than 20
  • Limited, if any, speech

10
Characteristics of Down Syndrome
  • 50 Clinical Signs
  • Physical signs
  • Health problems
  • Atlantoaxial instability

11
Classroom Management Strategies General
Considerations
  • Plan several breaks
  • Respond immediately and sincerely
  • Use positive reinforcement and praise
  • Assign jobs within classroom
  • Encourage punctuality and scheduling

12
Classroom Management StrategiesAcademic
Considerations
  • Provide short and simple assignments
  • Be as concrete as possible
  • Provide structure or organization
  • Instruct with small, sequential steps
  • Use frequent repetition
  • Use arts and crafts

13
Classroom Management StrategiesSocial Skills
Development
  • Encourage interaction with non-disabled children
  • Encourage hobbies and extracurricular activities

14
True or False?
  • Development disabilities are characterized by an
    intelligence score less than 70.
  • True

15
True or False?
  • Fragile Y syndrome is a possible genetic cause of
    DD.
  • False (Fragile X)

16
True or False?
  • Of those with DD, 85 are mildly disabled.
  • True

17
True or False?
  • Students with an IQ of 55-69 are considered
    trainable.
  • False (educable)

18
True or False?
  • All students with a DD are served in a self
    contained classroom.
  • False

19
True or False?
  • Limited breaks are effective when teaching
    students with a DD.
  • False (many breaks)

20
True or False?
  • Interaction with non-disabled students is highly
    encouraged.
  • True

21
References
  • Cimera, R.E. (2006). Mental Retardation Doesnt
    Mean Stupid! Lanham Rowman and Littlefield.
  • National Dissemination Center for Children with
    Disabilities. (2004). Mental Retardation.
    Retrieved 2/12/2007 from http//www.nichcy.org/pub
    s/factshe/fs8txt.htm
  • Pierangelo R. Giuliana G.A. (2001). What Every
    Teacher Should Know about Students with Special
    Needs Promoting Success in the classroom.
    Champaign Research Press.
  • Wehmeyer, M.L. Agran, M. (2005). Mental
    Retardation and Intellectual Disabilities.
    Boston Pearson.
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