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Grief and Bereavement Support

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Grief and Bereavement Support Introduction The palliative approach What has been your experience utilising the palliative approach? Aims Provide an understanding of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Grief and Bereavement Support


1
Grief and Bereavement Support
2
Introduction
  • The palliative approach
  • What has been your experience utilising the
    palliative approach?

3
Aims
  1. Provide an understanding of grief, loss and
    bereavement as related to the palliative approach
    in aged care
  2. Identify situations where there is a risk of
    abnormal grief reaction
  3. Identify the support role and needs of the aged
    care team
  4. Identify support strategies in grief and
    bereavement situations

4
Aims
  • Understand the impact of loss and grief on
    members of the team as well as the family and
    other residents
  • Identify strategies to implement and apply
    support strategies for grief and bereavement
    situations
  • Demonstrate an awareness of the grief reactions
    of people from different cultures especially
    indigenous Australians

5
Module 1 Defining loss, grief and bereavement
6
Defining loss
  • The Guidelines define loss as the severing of an
    attachment to someone or something resulting in a
    changed relationship

7
Loss can be physical or psychosocial
  • Identify examples of physical and/or psychosocial
    loss you have experienced
  • Identify examples of physical and/or psychosocial
    loss experienced by residents within your
    facility and/or care

8
Defining grief
  • The Guidelines define grief as a normal response
    to loss.
  • It includes a range of responses physical,
    mental, emotional and spiritual.
  • These are usually associated with unhappiness,
    anger, guilt, pain and longing for the lost
    person or thing.

9
Grief
  • Grief is
  • Experienced in 4 major ways psychologically,
    behaviourally, socially and physically
  • A continuing development
  • A natural reaction to loss
  • Dependent on the individuals perception of the
    loss

10
Defining bereavement
The Guidelines define bereavement as the total
reaction to a loss and includes the process of
healing or recovery from the loss. Bereavement
can be referred to as the state of having
suffered a loss.
11
Reactions
  • Our reactions are shaped by a number of factors
    including characteristics of
  • The loss
  • The death and
  • The bereaved

12
Module 2 Grief reactions
13
Grief reactions
  • Normal grief reactions can be defined as a broad
    range of feelings and behaviours that are common
    after experiencing a loss.
  • It is not a rigid pattern of feelings or
    experiences.

14
Grief reactions
  • Grief is experienced differently for each person.

15
Grief reactions
  • Grief reactions can be divided into 4 groups
  • Feelings
  • Physical sensations
  • Thought patterns
  • Behaviour

16
Characteristics of extreme grief
  • intense intrusive thoughts
  • pangs of severe emotion
  • distressing yearnings feeling incredibly alone
    and empty
  • excessively avoiding tasks reminiscent of the
    deceased
  • unusual sleep disturbances
  • maladaptive levels of loss of interest in
    personal activities.

17
Module 3 Support needs of the aged care team
18
Support needs of the aged care team
  • In your role as carer you will experience loss
    and grief and it is important to recognise your
    needs and feelings.
  • How is loss and grief support provided in your
    facility?

19
Bereavement planning
  • A model for development

20
1. Assess the needs of the aged care team
  • Discuss with participants how this could be
    achieved within their facility.
  • Consider the strengths and weaknesses of each
    option.

21
2. Develop a strategy to address the needs
  • The development of strategies depends on
  • current practice and the change required
  • intervention required to achieve change
  • level of action and impacts anticipated
  • the stakeholders involved.

22
3. Develop a plan to implement the strategies
  • When developing a plan to implement your
    strategy it is important to consider all the
    people involved in providing care.
  • Within your facility identify the groups of
    people who should be involved in the
    implementation of support strategies.

23
4. Implementing and applying support strategies
  • Discuss ways to implement the strategies you
    have identified.

24
Module 4 Grief reactions of people from
different cultures
25
Cultural considerations
  • Carers and residents come from diverse
    backgrounds and bring a variety of cultures,
    religions, life experiences, traditions and
    expectations to the RACF.
  • The Guidelines identify 25 of permanent
    residents of RACFs as being born overseas

26
Cultural safety
  • Cultural safety is practice which respects,
    supports and empowers the cultural identity and
    wellbeing of an individual, and empowers them to
    express that identity and have their cultural
    needs met.
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