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The Empire of Songhai

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The Empire of Songhai Similarities to Mali and Ghana Songhai was made rich through trade. They owned important salt mines. They were located on important trans ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Empire of Songhai


1
The Empire of Songhai
2
Similarities to Mali and Ghana
  • Songhai was made rich through trade.
  • They owned important salt mines.
  • They were located on important trans-Saharan
    trade routes.
  • They worked with Berber caravan leaders.
  • Songhais leaders were Muslims.
  • Songhai depended on the Niger River for water,
    trade and travel.

3
Conflict with Mali
  • Mali and Songhai occupied roughly the same area.
  • Mansa Musa (the great leader of Mali) sent his
    army to conquer Songhai. Mali absorbed Songhai
    into their empire for a short time.
  • As Mali began to fail, Songhai was able to regain
    independence.

4
Sunni Ali
  • Sunni Ali became leader of Songhai in 1464.
  • He strengthened Songhai and added territory
    (including much of Mali).
  • He conquered the wealthy trade cities of Djenne
    and Timbuktu.
  • He had been asked by Malis leaders for help
    against Tuareg invaders.
  • He drove off the invaders and kept the cities for
    himself.
  • To promote peace, he participated in both Muslim
    and traditional African religions.

5
Sunni Baru
  • When Sunni Ali died in 1492, his son (Sunni Baru)
    took the throne.
  • Sunni Baru was not a Muslim, even though most of
    the people in his empire were.
  • Fearing that Songhai would lose power (and
    trading partners) with a non-Muslim leader, the
    people rebelled against Sunni Baru.
  • The leader of the rebellion against Sunni Baru
    was a general named, Muhammad Ture. After
    defeating Sunni Baru, he took the title askia (a
    military rank).

6
Askia the Great
  • Askia the Great was a devout Muslim.
  • Like Mansa Musa, Askia went on a hajj.
  • Askia made many laws which were similar to other
    Muslim nations.
  • The picture is the 16th century mosque built by
    Askia the Great in Gao.

7
Askia the Great (cont.)
  • Askia the Great promoted education.
  • He made Timbuktu a world-famous education center
    once again. People came from all over to study
    at the University of Sankore.
  • Djenne became a world-famous center of medicine.
  • Askia reorganized the government.
  • He divided the empire into 5 provinces.
  • He appointed governors and removed local leaders.
  • He created government departments to oversee
    certain areas.
  • He had the first standing army in West Africa.

8
Fall of Songhai
  • After Askia the great, other askias ruled for a
    short time.
  • Morocco invaded to take control of Songhais salt
    mines.
  • Morocco needed money after years of fighting with
    the Portuguese and Spanish.
  • Morocco marched on Songhai in 1591. Some of
    Moroccos soldiers were actually Portuguese and
    Spanish war prisoners.
  • Morocco had superior firepower. They carried the
    arquebus (early form of the gun) and even some
    cannons.
  • They attacked the trading cities of Timbuktu and
    Gao.
  • The destruction of trade finally wiped out
    Songhai.
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