World History SOL 12 Late Medieval Period - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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World History SOL 12 Late Medieval Period

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World History SOL 12 Late Medieval Period European monarchies consolidated their power & began forming nation-states in the late medieval period. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History SOL 12 Late Medieval Period


1
World History SOL 12Late Medieval Period
  • European monarchies consolidated their power
    began forming nation-states in the late medieval
    period.

2
England
  • William the Conqueror, leader of the Norman
    conquest, united most of England
  • Common law had its beginnings during the reign of
    Henry II
  • King John signed the Magna Carta, limiting the
    kings power
  • The Hundred Years War between England France
    helped define England as a nation
  • Evolution of Parliament

3
France
  • Hugh Capet established the French throne in Paris
    his dynasty gradually expanded their control
    over most of France
  • The Hundred Years War between England France
    helped define France as nation
  • Joan of Arc was a unifying factor

4
Spain
  • Ferdinand Isabella unified the country
    expelled Jews Moors
  • Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere expanded
    under Charles V

5
Russia
  • Ivan the Great threw off the rule of the Mongols,
    centralized power in Moscow expanded the
    Russian nation
  • Power was centralized in the hands of the tsar
  • The Orthodox Church influenced unification

6
  • Crusades were carried out by Christian political
    religious leaders to take control of the Holy
    Land from the Muslims.
  • Mongol armies invaded Russia, Southwest Asia
    China creating a empire.
  • Ottoman Turks conquered the Byzantine Empire.

7
Key Events of Crusades
  • Pope Urbans speech
  • The capture of Jerusalem
  • Founding of Crusader states
  • Loss of Jerusalem to Saladin
  • Sack of Constantinople by western Crusaders

8
Effects of the Crusades
  • Weakened the Pope nobles strengthened monarchs
  • Stimulated trade throughout the Mediterranean
    area the Middle East
  • Left a legacy of bitterness among Christians,
    Jews Muslims
  • Weakened the Byzantine Empire

9
The Crusades
10
Mongol Armies
  • Invaded Russia, China Muslim states in
    Southwest Asia destroying cities countryside
  • Created an empire

11
Constantinople
  • Fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, ending the
    Byzantine Empire
  • Became capital of the Ottoman Empire

12
  • In the fourteenth century , the Black Death
    (bubonic plague) decimated the population of much
    of Asia then the population of much of Europe.

13
The Black Death
14
Impact of the Black Death (Bubonic plague)
  • Decline in population
  • Scarcity of labor
  • Towns freed from feudal obligations
  • Decline of Church influence
  • Disruption of trade

15
  • Education was largely confined to the clergy
    during the Middle Ages. The masses were
    uneducated, while the nobility was concerned with
    feudal obligations. Church scholars preserved
    ancient literature in monasteries in the East
    West.

16
Church Scholars
  • Were among the very few who could read write
  • Worked in monasteries
  • Translated Greek Arabic works into Latin
  • Made new knowledge in philosophy, medicine
    science available in Europe
  • Laid the foundation for the rise of universities
    in Europe
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