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Ohio Social Studies Strands Third Grade Holidays (Special Occasions)


Mardi Gras- The celebration of Mardi Gras came to America through its French heritage in New Orleans. ... Abraham Lincoln s Birthday (February 12) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ohio Social Studies Strands Third Grade Holidays (Special Occasions)

Ohio Social Studies StrandsThird
GradeHolidays(Special Occasions)
  • Karen Bova,
  • Dana Falls,
  • and
  • Amber Spaulding

ED 417-01 Instructor Dr. Helms November 14, 2001
Table of Contents
  • Introduction- Page 3
  • Objectives- Page 4
  • American Heritage- Page 5
  • People in Societies- Page 9
  • World Interactions- Page 12
  • Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities- Page 15
  • Democratic Processes- Page 18
  • Decision Making and Resources- Page 21
  • Science, Technology, and Society- Page 25

  • Through the seven Ohio Social Studies Strands,
    students will complete activities dealing with
    holidays and special occasions to increase their
    cultural awareness.

  • Through activities based on the seven Ohio Social
    Studies Strands, the students will increase their
    knowledge of the celebrated holidays and special
    occasions found throughout the world and within
    their own community.
  • The students will also come to have a greater
    appreciation of the cultural diversity found
    within their classroom, community, and the world
    in which they live.

American HeritageActivities
  • 1. A Family Tree of Me (Grandparents Day)- The
    students will invite their grandparents to school
    on Grandparents Day to participate in various
    classroom activities. (If a student can not have
    their grandparents visit the class, then they can
    ask another family relative to participate for
    that day.) During the course of the day, the
    students will organize a family history tree of
    their heritage. The students grandparents will
    be a great resource into their family history and
  • 2. Labor Day- The students will research into
    the origin of how Labor Day began. (Labor Day
    began in New York City organized by the
    immigrants that came to our country. They formed
    a parade to show off their skills and trades they
    brought to America from other countries.) The
    students will create a poster or flier to
    describe the trade or skill they would advertise
    in a Labor Day parade in their community.
  • 3. Columbus Day- After the discussion of how
    Christopher Columbus discovered America, the
    students will create a community they founded.

Activities Continued
  • The students will create a set of laws that the
    citizens in their community would abide by. The
    students will also create a type of monetary
    system that will be used in their community.
  • 4. Abraham Lincolns Birthday (February 12)-
    The students will use the world wide web to
    access five famous quotes given by Abraham
    Lincoln on www.bartleby.com. The students will
    choose one of the quotes to analyze. The
    students will write two paragraphs on what might
    have been happening in our country when the
    speech was given and the purpose of the speech
    given by Lincoln. Once the paragraphs have been
    written, the class will have an open discussion
    to analyze each of the quotes.
  • 5. Mardi Gras- The celebration of Mardi Gras
    came to America through its French heritage in
    New Orleans. There are many different traditions
    associated in the Mardi Gras celebration. After
    discussing the characteristics of Mardi Gras, the
    students will enjoy a King Cake that is a
    tradition of Mardi Gras. The student who finds
    the plastic baby in their portion of the

Activities Continued
  • King Cake will wear plastic necklace beads and
    give an important characteristic of Mardi Gras.
    That student will then pass the beads onto
    another class mate. The process will continue
    until each student has worn the beads. The idea
    that Mardi Gras celebration can from the French
    settlers in America should be stressed.

Web Sites
  • 1. WWW.bartleby.com/99/422 (Lincolns Birthday)
  • 2. WWW.holidays.net/mardigras/story/html (Mardi
  • 3. WWW.genealogy.com (Family Trees)
  • 4. WWW.timeforkids.com
  • 5. WWW.mcrel.org/compendium/browse.asp

People in SocietiesActivities
  • 1. Cinco de Mayo- This lesson is designed to
    introduce students to the Mexican holiday, Cinco
    de Mayo. Students will have the opportunity to
    learn about typical foods of Mexico and explore
    the history and origins of some authentic Mexican
    foods. At the end of the lesson, the students
    can make their own healthy tortilla wraps.
  • 2. Kwanzaa- This lesson is designed to introduce
    students to the African American holiday,
    Kwanzaa. The students will explore the history
    and origins of Kwanzaa, and some symbols that
    represent the African American holiday. The
    students will make a place mat called a mkeka
    (em-kay-kah) which is one of the symbols of
    Kwanzaa. They will make their mkekas out of red,
    green, and black strips of paper that they will
    weave together. Explain to the students the
    reason for using these particular colors.
  • 3. Rosa Louis Parks (Black History Month)- This
    activity is designed to limit the students
    choices. The students will be instructed that
    they must make a picture of their home or
    neighborhood to be displayed in the hall for

Activities Continued
  • all of the school to see. Tell them that they
    must do their best work, and it will effect their
    grade. Then pass out the crayons to the
    children. Boys can only use yellow and blue, and
    girls can only use the red and orange crayons.
    Instruct them that they cant share, and that
    they cant complain because nothing will be done
    about their complaints. After the art is turned
    in discuss the childrens feelings. Discuss the
    structural and funding differences between the
    white and black schools at that time of history.
  • 4. Being Treated Equally (Martin Lurther King
    Day)- This lesson is to let the students
    experience prejudice first hand. Pick and choose
    half of the class to come over to a table, while
    leaving the other half of the class sitting at
    their seats. Dont explain why you are doing
    this. Have the chosen half build a wall around
    the table so that the students sitting at their
    desks cant see whats going on. Pass out little
    bags of MMs to the chosen group and explain to
    them that they cant give any of their MMs to
    the other students. Have them go back and sit at
    their seats, and eat the MMs, while you go back
    and sit quietly in front of the class. Allow the
    silence to go

Activities Continued
  • on for a few minutes, then ask the students who
    didnt receive any MMs to comment on how they
    feel. Discuss and explain that you were
    demonstrating prejudice and unequal treatment.
  • 5. Cinco de Mayo Party- Plan a Cinco de Mayo
    party. Investigate the history and significance
    of the pinata. Make pinatas and use them for the
    party. Teach the students songs and games that
    are used on Cinco de Mayo. Prepare and eat food
    that is eaten on this day, as well as investigate
    the significance for these traditions and the

Web Sites
  • http//www.asfsa.org/childnutrition/education/cinc
  • http//teacherlink.ed.usu.edu/Tlresources/longterm
  • http//www.eduplace.com/ss.html
  • http//atozteacherstuff.com/lessons/BeingTreatedEq
  • http//www.umkc.edu/imc/cincomay.htm

World InteractionsActivities
  • 1. Columbus Day- On a world map have the students
    plot each of Columbus four voyages in a
    different color. Continue by creating a key for
    the map to indicate the meaning of each color.
    For extra credit ask the students to calculate
    the distance that Columbus traveled on each
  • 2. Valentines Day- Using the Internet, library,
    textbooks, etc. Have students research all the
    different cities found throughout the world that
    have a name that has something to do with
    Valentines Day. Have the students write the
    city name on a heart, made out of construction
    paper, and place it on a map, in its proper
  • 3. Christmas- Using the Internet have students
    research how different people celebrate Christmas
    around the world.
  • 4. St. Patricks Day- As a class, have students
    brainstorm ideas on why they think St. Patricks
    Day is celebrated all over the world. In groups,
    have students research the answers to the
    following questions 1. When was Saint

Activities Continued
  • Patrick born? 2. When did Saint Patrick die? 3.
    What was he known for? 4. What is a patron
    saint? 5. Why do people wear green on Saint
    Patricks Day? List three reasons. Using their
    newfound knowledge have students create a story
    strictly about the facts of Saint Patrick. Post
    the stories in the hallway when they are
  • 5. Halloween- Students will be divided into two
    cooperative teams Orange and Black. Each
    team must use a compass and map and search for
    clues written on Halloween figures around the
    school to find a hidden treasure. The group who
    finishes the treasure hunt first must then
    explain how they used and followed cardinal and
    intermediate directions to find the hidden

Web Sites
  • http//www.cstone.net/bry-back/holidayfun/dec.htm
  • http//top-biography.com/9015-Christopher20Columb
  • http//www.howstuffworks.com/valentine.htm
  • http//www.weekiwis.com/stpatkiwis.html
  • http//www.benjerry.com/halloween/index.html

Citizenship Rights and ResponsibilitiesActivities
  • 1. Independence Day (What does it mean to be an
    American?)- Have students assemble a collage in
    the image of the American flag. The right half
    of the flag will consist of images from the
    students own American experiences. The left
    half of the flag will consist of media
    representations of Americans that the students
    has collected.
  • 2. Presidents Day- Students will decide on a
    name and identity as a letter writer. They will
    write a letter to the President discussing what
    might have been their concerns or criticisms
    about the government during that time period.
  • 3. Election Day- The students will simulate the
    workings of Congress by bringing the lawmaking
    process into their own classroom. Students will
    role-play Congressmen and women attempting to
    pass a bill into a law through the appropriate

Activities Continued
  • 4. Earth Day- Have students pick a particular
    section of the schoolyard and have them write
    down how many pieces of glass, paper, and litter
    they can find. When sufficient data is collected
    have students import the data into a spreadsheet
    program. Have student share their findings and
    discuss why it is our responsibility to keep the
    Earth clean and suggest ways they can diminish
    litter at their school.
  • 5. Thanksgiving- Place a picture of a turkey on
    the classroom bulletin board. On the turkeys
    tail feathers have students write why they are
    thankful they are Americans. After this is
    completed, as a class, brainstorm ideas on how
    they can protect our American freedoms and

Web Sites
  • http//earthday.wilderness.org/
  • http//wilstar.com/holidays/july4.htm
  • http//www.mcps.k12.md.us/curriculum/socialstd/
  • http//www.kidsvotingusa.org/students.html
  • http//www.theholidayspot.com/thanksgiving/round_t

Democratic ProcessesActivities
  • 1. Voting Is Elementary (Election Day)-
    Conducting a mock election helps primary students
    understand the voting process. In this lesson
    the students will conduct a mock election for a
    class mascot, and you through each step of the
    election process.
  • 2. The PBS Kids Democracy Project How Does
    Government Affect Me? (Election Day)- In this
    interactive online game, the students will see
    what role the government plays in their lives.
    It breaks the government down into its simplest
    form and shows how the government determines a
    country, state, county, township, city, and
    village and who its run by.
  • 3. Community Government (Election Day)- In this
    lesson the students will be introduced to
    community government and its function in the
    local community. The students will become active
    participants in the local government and handle a
    problem that has the entire community alarmed.

Activities Continued
  • 4. Know Your Local Government (Election Day)-
    Often students show little interest in the
    government process because they have grown up in
    an atmosphere where little or no interest has
    been shown in government, and the process and the
    people involved. By the time they become old
    enough to actively participate in this process,
    their interest in other things over shadows their
    interest in the government and the importance of
    their participation in the process. The purpose
    of this activity is to introduce students to the
    local government structure and the people in the
    various power positions. They will see the the
    day to day activities that directly affect their
    lives, and where to see the day to day process of
    the local government and how it affects their
  • 5. Our Flag (Independence Day)- In this activity
    the students will make an United States flag
    collage. The students will learn the history or
    background of the American flag. They will learn
    that it is a national symbol, and they will learn
    what the symbols mean on the flag. After making
    an United States flag collage, have the students
    try making a flag that would mean something to
    them by using symbols that stand for important
    things in their life.

Web Sites
  • http//www.eduplace.com/ss/act/ourflag.html
  • http//www.kidsdomain.com
  • http//ericir.syr.edu/virtual/Lessons/Social_Studi
  • http//www.pbs.org/democracy/kids/mygovt/index.htm
  • http//

Decision Making and ResourcesActivities
  • 1. Presidents Day- The students will discuss
    the importance of money in society. After, the
    students will learn that there are many symbols
    of the United States of America on money. The
    students will create their own form of money of
    what is important in their lives and what they
    stand for. They will use symbols to create their
    money. They will then write a paragraph to
    describe the importance of the symbols on their
  • 2. Memorial Day- Students will understand that
    Memorial Day began as a remembrance for the
    soldiers who fought in the Civil War. The
    students will create a badge of honor for someone
    in their community who they feel should be
    honored. The students will then write a
    paragraph to that person to describe why they are
    honored in their community. Each student can
    then present their badge of honor to their person
    to thank them for their importance.
  • 3. Bill of Rights Day (December 15)- The
    students will identify the values in the Bill of
    Rights that was written for the citizens in our
    country by our

Activities Continued
  • Founding Fathers. The students will show their
    understanding of the purpose of the Bill of
    Rights by creating a personal Bill of Rights.
    Each student will include rules and activities
    that he or she will perform in the classroom, at
    home, and in the community to show his or her
    respect of participating.
  • 4. Holiday Celebration Symbols- Each student
    will create his or her own symbol for a holiday
    or celebration that is important to him or her.
    They will do this to show their understanding of
    the different symbols of many cultures to
    describe their winter celebrations. For
    instance, the star is the symbol of Christ for
    Christians at Christmas and the menorah is a
    symbol of Chanukah for the Jewish religion. The
    class will then discuss the different symbols
    that are seen in their community around the
    winter months.
  • 5. Labor Day- The students will display their
    gratitude to community workers that provide them
    with services in their community. Each student
    will write a paragraph to a person in their
    community to thank them for their services.

Web Sites
  • Http//www.HolidayFestival.com
  • http//www.education-world.com/learning
  • http//pecentral.org/lessonideas/holiday/holidayid
  • http//www.rubicon.com/passport/holidays/holidays.
  • http//ericir.syr.edu/virtual/Social_Studies/Holida

Science, Technology, and SocietyActivities
  • 1. Olympics- Using a computer with Internet
    accessibility students will complete Eddie and
    Spikes Virtual Olympic Adventure at
  • 2. Earth Day- The students will create a news
    collage of three to five articles, found on the
    internet, dealing with issues that affect our
    environment. Using markers, crayons, paint, etc.
    students will illustrate their collages. After
    the collages are complete they should be
    displayed in the hallway.
  • 3. Birthday- Using a computer with internet
    accessibility the students will research events
    that occurred on their birthday in the distant
    past. Then have the students take one of the
    events and write a creative story to be displayed
    in the hallway.

Activities Continued
  • 4. A Personal Calendar of Special Occasions-
    The students will create a calendar of their own
    on Holidays Round the World Wide Web site. The
    students can explore the background of many
    different holiday around the world. Each student
    will create his/her personal calendar of special
    events and holidays.
  • 5. Lincolns Birthday- The students will
    explore the history of Abraham Lincoln through a
    virtual tour website. The interactive website
    will allow the students to journey through the
    hometown of Abraham Lincoln. The students will
    then write a paragraph to compare and contrast
    the characteristics of Abraham Lincolns hometown
    (past) to their own community (present).

Web Sites
  • http//www.schools.nt.au/olsu/olyadvent/index.htm
  • http//www.kidsdomain.com/holiday/earthday/
  • http//www.calendarzone.com/Holiday/
  • http//www.holidays.net
  • http//www.wkycorp.org/civilwar/region3/hodgenev.
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