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Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e

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Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e Section VII: Concept 22 Use and Abuse of Other Drugs Examples of Serious Health Effects from Drug Use Brain damage: ice, heroin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e


1
Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and
Wellness 6e
  • Section VII Concept 22
  • Use and Abuse of Other Drugs

2
Examples of Serious Health Effects from Drug Use
  • Brain damage ice, heroin, PCP, inhalants, MDMA
  • Convulsions/strokes ice, cocaine, uppers
  • Paranoia, psychosis designer drugs,
    hallucinogens
  • Heart and/or lung damage PCP, marijuana
  • Memory impairment marijuana
  • Liver and/or kidney damage inhalants, alcohol
  • Miscarriage, birth defects cocaine, heroin, LSD
  • Impaired immune system narcotics, PCP

3
Financial Impact of Drug Abuse on Society
4
Definition of Drug
  • Any substance (other than food) that alters
    structure or function in living organisms

5
Definitions of Drug Abuse
  • Using a drug as a habit
  • Use of a drug to an extent that it produces
    impairment of social, psychological or
    physiological functioning.

Click for informationfrom the National Institute
on Drug Abuse
6
The Stages of Addiction
  • Exposure
  • Compulsion
  • Loss of control

7
Drug Dependency
  • Tolerance
  • Psychological dependency
  • Physical dependency

Click for informationfrom the Substance Abuse
and Mental Health Services Assoc.
8
Classification of Drugs
  • Stimulants
  • Depressants
  • Narcotics
  • Hallucinogens
  • Cannabis
  • Inhalants

See On the Web 22-1 for more information on
marijuana use and issues
9
Stimulants
  • Nicotine
  • Caffeine
  • Cocaine
  • Amphetamines
  • Methamphetamine (ICE)

10
Depressants
  • Alcohol
  • Barbiturates
  • Valium

11
Narcotics
  • Opium
  • Heroin
  • Morphine

12
Hallucinogens
  • LSD
  • Mescaline
  • Psilocybin
  • PCP (angel dust)
  • Designer Drugs (XTC, MDMA)

13
Marijuana
  • Classified as a mild hallucinogenic but
    generally considered as a separate drug category

See On the Web 22-2 for more information on
marijuana use and issues
14
Inhalants
  • Chemical solvents
  • Petroleum products
  • Paint
  • Aerosols

15
Rates of Drug Use on College Campuses (Data from
59,539 students)
  • Sometime Past 30 days
  • Marijuana 58 32
  • Cocaine 12 2
  • Amphetamines 14 3
  • Sedatives 6 1
  • Hallucinogens 10 4
  • Narcotics 2 lt1
  • Inhalants 6 1
  • "Designer drugs" 4 lt1
  • Steroids 1 1

16
Attitudes and Perceptions toward Drugs on Campus
  • 61 of students believe that the average student
    uses illegal drugs weekly
  • 84 of students indicated they would prefer NOT
    to have drugs at parties

17
Why People Use Drugs
Lab 22a information
  • Peer pressure
  • Need to belong and be accepted
  • Makes one "feel good"
  • Thrill seeking behavior
  • Experience new things

See On the Web 22-4 for information on the
concept of gateway drugs.
18
Trends in Drug Use in the 1990s
Trend for increasing drug use during the 1990s
with some evidence of stability near the end of
the decade.
See On the Web 22-3 for more information on
drug trends
19
Trends in Marijuana UseAmong High School Students
Consistent pattern of declining use of drugs in
HS youth in past 8-10 years
Youth Risk Behavior Survey Youth Online Database
20
Trends in Cocaine UseAmong High School Students
Some pattern of declining cocaine use in the in
HS youth since 1999
Youth Risk Behavior Survey Youth Online Database
21
What factors are contributing to the decline in
drug use and abuse among youth?
  • Will it continue?
  • What else needs to be done?

22
Drug Issues in Society
  • Increased crime results from drug use
  • Increased violence results from drug use
  • What is the best solution?
  • more education to not start?
  • better treatment for addicted users?
  • stricter enforcement?
  • harder punishments for offenders?
  • more efforts to reduce flow of illegal drugs?

See On the Web 22-6 for detailed information on
treatment options
23
Policies under Consideration to Reduce Drug Use
in in Society
  • Zero tolerance laws?
  • Drug testing in the workplace?

Click for informationfrom the Organization for a
Drug Free America
24
Web Resources
25
Supplemental Graphics
  • Lab Information

26
Lab 22a InformationUse and Abuse of Other Drugs
Return to presentation
  • Complete an assessment on self or a friend
    regarding risks for abusing drugs.(note
    includes prescription and other drugs)
  • Based on the results, describe what you would
    recommend for this person.
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