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Sun Safety

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Sun Safety In the child care setting * Effective sun protection includes wearing clothing to protect the skin clothing acts as a physical barrier, blocking UV rays. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Learn more at: http://www.cancercare.ns.ca
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Title: Sun Safety


1
Sun Safety
  • In the child care setting

2
Overview
  • Skin cancer facts
  • Skin cancer risk factors
  • Reducing the risk
  • Sun Safety in the child care setting

3
Canadian Rates2008
Melanoma Non- Melanoma
4,600 73,000

Skin cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer
in Canada, it accounts for nearly 1/3 of newly
diagnosed cancers
4
The Effects of Over Exposure to the Sun
  • ?Skin Cancer
  • ?Premature aging of the skin
  • ?Damage to the eyes
  • ?Weakening of the immune system

5
Ultraviolet Radiation (UV Rays)
  • Two types of ultraviolet radiation
  • UVA
  • UVB
  • UV rays are strongest
  • between April - September
  • between 11a.m. and 4p.m.

6
Personal Risk Factors
  • Light coloured skin/eyes/hair
  • Work/play/exercise frequently in the sun
  • Have had blistering or frequent sunburns as a
    child
  • Have a family history of skin cancer

7
Children in the Sun
  • 56 of Atlantic Canadian children spend 2 hours
    in the sun.
  • 35 of these children are between the ages of
    1-5.
  • 35 of children aged 1-5
  • and 34 children aged of 6-12
  • always or often seek shade.

8
What the evidence shows
  • ?Adequate sun protection can reduce our
    risks..PREVENTABLE
  • ?Exposure in childhood- key determinant.
  • ?80 of lifetime exposure happens before 18.

9
Six Sun Safety StepsFor Everyone
  • Limit time in the midday sun
  • Seek shade
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Apply sunscreen
  • Put on a hat
  • Wear sunglasses

10
For Childcare Staff
  • Practice sun safe behaviours
  • Encourage sun safety behaviours
  • Educate others about sun safety
  • Incorporate sun safety into daily
    procedures/routines

11
UV Index
UV INDEX Category Sun Protection Actions
0-2 Low Minimal protection
3-5 Moderate Cover up.
6-7 High Protection required. Reduce time in sun.
8-10 Very high Take full precautions. Avoid sun between 11-4
11 Extreme Take full precautions. Avoid sun between 11-4.
12
Shade
  • An element of a comprehensive approach.
  • Seek shade between 11AM and 4PM
  • Sources of shade
  • Creating shade

13
Sunscreen
  • Protects against UVA/UVB- Broad
  • Spectrum Approach
  • SPF 30
  • Waterproof
  • Non irritating/ hypoallergenic
  • Use before best before date
  • Includes zinc oxide or titanium dioxide
  • Canadian Dermatology Assoc.

14
Sunscreen Q A
  • Under 12 months of age?
  • Over 12 months of age?
  • What SPF should children use?
  • Child friendly sunscreen?
  • Vitamin D concerns?

15
Protective Clothing
  • All clothing acts as a physical barrier
  • Design/fabrics/colour make a difference
  • Tight weaves and darker colours.
  • Specially treated clothing-UPF

16
Hats
  • Wide brimmed hats
  • Bucket hats
  • Legionnaire style hats

17
Sun Safety and the Child Care Setting.
  • Incorporating standards of sun safety practice
    into your child care centre is important.
  • Educate staff and parents
  • Educate children
  • Incorporate into routines
  • Role model sun safety

18
More Information
  • Canadian Cancer Society
  • www.cancer.ca
  • Canadian Dermatology Association
  • www.dermatology.ca
  • Health Canada
  • www.hc-sc.gc.ca

19
Thank You
  • www.cancercare.ns.ca/childcare


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