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Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling

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Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling Dr. Michael Anthony Ingram The Counseling Poet Counselor Education and Supervision Oregon State University – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling


1
Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling
  • Dr. Michael Anthony Ingram
  • The Counseling Poet
  • Counselor Education and Supervision
  • Oregon State University
  • October 13, 2000

2
I believe
  • Counselors should strive to challenge oppression
    and empower people,
  • regardless of gender, race, national origin,
    sexual orientation, religion, ability, and fiscal
    wealth.

3
(No Transcript)
4
Art and Science
5
I utilize poetry
  • To conceptually explore the lived experiences of
    persons from marginalized groups as it is
    expressed through poetry and creative expression.

6
Poetry helps us
  • Understand the use of metaphor as mediator
    between those lived experiences and the dominant
    discourse.

7
Poetry assists us
  • To grasp the importance of acknowledging the
    feelings behind another person's lived experience
    through counselor empathy

8
Poetry empowers us
  • To view poetry in counseling contexts as being
    transformative in terms of motivation, social
    action and diversity awareness.

9
  • Life is . . .

10
  • A MYSTERY, UNFOLD IT.A JOURNEY, WALK
    IT.PAINFUL, ENDURE IT.BEAUTIFUL, SEE IT. A
    JOKE, LAUGH AT IT. A SONG, SING IT.A FLOWER,
    SMELL IT.WONDERFUL, ENJOY IT.

11
  • A CANDLE, LIGHT IT.PRECIOUS, DON'T WASTE
    IT.A GIFT, OPEN IT.LOVE, GIVE IT.UNLIMITED, GO
    FOR IT.LIGHT, SHINE IN IT.I AM ALL THAT LIFE
    ISAnonymous

12
Yet there are a number of issues that can affect
psychological well- being
  • School violence
  • Family issues
  • Teen pregnancy
  • Drug and Alcohol Abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Domestic Violence
  • Poverty

13
Depression
  • It's A Crime to Feel So Blue
  • In the counseling relationship, a client or
    student can feel
  • convicted if the counselor is
  • not aware of possible value judgments being made
    in statements and responses.

14
  • It's a crime to feel so blue,although I like
    the hue of blue in the summertime,as a backdrop
    for the sky.Then, it's resplendent color
    highlightsthe white puffs of cotton that speckle
    the horizon.Yet, it's wintertime,and the
    cerulean skies have gone and what remains isjust
    the color bluenow a melancholy shade that does
    nothingbut remind me of the severity of my
    discontent.It's a crime to feel so blue.If
    you're my judge,either convict me or set me
    free.Michael Anthony Ingram

15
As counselors how do we assist others?
  • Verbal communication
  • Nonverbal communication
  • Active listening
  • Nonjudgmental statements
  • Mutual understanding
  • Empathy

16
From a Narrative Perspective. People make sense
of their lives through stories There are
multiple ways of being, knowing and experiencing
reality
17
To Live a Life in Less Than a Lifetime
18
  • "Why didn't you allow me like other children
    to age peacefully?"But like me, your childhood
    was snatchedat what seemed to be the drop of a
    hator maybe it was due to that emotional
    scarthat still festers in the middle of your
    back?I know that you still don't remember.Did
    it occur in late June or early September?All you
    know is that your childhood is gone,and you want
    God to tell you what went wrong.Because you
    lived a life in less than a lifetime,and it took
    you less than a lifetime to live.Michael
    Anthony Ingram

19
What happens when the variables of race, gender
and ethnicity are included in a clients or
students story?  Psychological qualities such
as attitudes, values, beliefs, and perceptual
processes that were acquired in response to
racial, gender and ethnic socialization influence
the working alliance between the counselor and
client. Helms Cook (1999)
20
The level of social and cultural changes that
exist in America were unthinkable a generation
ago.
  • The graying of America
  • The browning of America
  • The diversity within family structures
  • The growing homeless population
  • The impact of AIDS/HIV on diverse groups
  • The changing immigration patterns

21
Statistics in the last decade
  • Asians/Pacific Islanders grew 108
  • Latinos grew 53
  • 45 growth for persons of other races
  • Robinson Howard-Hamilton, 2000
  • European American population grew 6
  • African American population grew 13.2
  • Indian/Native population grew 38

22
As more and more individuals are entering
counseling relationships from diverse social,
economic and cultural backgrounds, it is
imperative that counselors develop a working
knowledge of the unique cognitive and affective
needs of culturally diverse clients.
23
Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling The
therapeutic exploration of the cognitive and
affective lived experiences of clients as these
experiences pertain to the convergence or race,
gender and ethnicity. Ingram, 2000
24
Components for socio-cultural empathic counseling
  • Explore lived experience
  • Realism Vs. Idealism
  • Emotional consciousness
  • Critical consciousness
  • Interdependence/Independence
  • Empowerment
  • Empathy

25
Realism Vs. Idealism
  • When I dream of Paris

26
  • When I dream of Paris,the sky is filled with
    expatriate desires,desires that meld like Dali
    landscapes across the horizon. I walk briskly
    along the Champ Elysees,stopping only to drink
    coffee at a small cafe near the river's edge.I
    must drink quicklyfor expatriate desires don't
    linger longwhen you live in a small-town, North
    Carolina. A place where Dali is better known as
    the name of the melancholy schoolgirl,with
    faraway eyes who lived fastand died young.
  • Michael Anthony Ingram

27
I Can See the Tops of Trees
28
  • I can see the tops of trees, but I can't reach
    them.Lord knows I've tried to reach the tops of
    trees,in my mind, in my life, in my time.Yet
    every time I scale the heights of an old oak
    treein order to reach the limb of the highest
    branchand touch the greenest leaf,Reality
    gently, but assuredly pushes me back down to the
    ground.And there I am looking up at the tops of
    trees,in my mind, in my life, in my time.
  • Michael Anthony Ingram

29
Emotional Consciousness
  • Being aware of and critically analyzing the
    feelings and emotions that underlie life
    experiences and or events.
  • Lack of awareness of these underlying emotions
    can lead to feelings of angst, stress or
    confusion.
  • In this particular context, emotional
    consciousness pertains to the awareness and
    analyzing of feelings that results from dealing
    with racism and oppression and their impact on
    cognitive and emotional stability.

30
Empowerment
  • As counselors, it is important that we affirm our
    clients individuality and diversity. Life,
    unlike the rules of grammar is not lived in a
    prescribed fashion. Therefore, acknowledging the
    value systems, as well as the historical, social,
    cultural and political contexts of existence
    empowers our clients to live fully as unique and
    whole beings

31
Grammatically Incorrect
Nouns Adjectives Verbs
32
  • What I am is grammatically incorrect!My
    language is the language of difference.I do not
    conform to standard usage or to prescribed ways
    of thinking, knowing, believing, loving, aging
    or behaving.Therefore, take me as I am -I am
    creatively and uniquely whole - totally me.
    Grammatically incorrect, but free!
  • Michael Anthony Ingram

33
Six steps of socio-cultural empathic counselingI
utilize sociocultural poetry in conjunction with
a Counselor Empathy Model(See Yager, Brecht
Ocheltree, 1975 for an elaboration of this model)
to develop the concept of socio-cultural empathic
counseling.
Step 1
  • What can I pat myself on the back for with
    respect to this student/client?
  • What have I done right to assist the client
    during the interaction?

34
Step 2
  • What has this individual said directly and
    verbally about their feelings related to learning
    about the counseling process and acquisition of
    skills?

35
Step 3
  • What has the individual communicated about
    feelings though nonverbal expression?

36
Step 4
  • How am I feeling right at this moment during this
    interaction?

37
Step 5
  • If I were this individual with this individuals
    lived experience, background, culture, and world
    view how would I feel during the interaction?

38
Step 6
  • How can I reflect the individuals feelings by
    forming an empathy statement that demonstrates my
    understanding of the verbal and nonverbal
    information that occurred during the interaction?
  • It sounds like you feel . . . when"

39
Empathy
  • If you have difficulty understanding the
    individuals lived experience as it pertains to
    culture, gender, ethnicity attempt to resonate
    with the feelings behind the lived experience
  • In other words, acknowledge and validate the
    feelings expressed.

40
Shelling Beans
  • In a small Southern town
  • I shelled them at the feet of a queen!

41
  • You see, shelling beans is a time honored
    taskand if you don't remember how?Then I should
    have never asked.For it means that you have
    forgottenthat true wealth comes from the fruit
    of the earth,from any place else, what is its
    real worth?

42
  • So my son. tell me your story.Is it only of
    the riches and the glory?Or, is it also of
    remembering howto do the common and simple
    things--like shelling beans,in addition to all
    that you've seen?

43
  • Mama, I said in a sheepish voicethat
    trembled, but not by choice.I do remember!I do
    rememberSo I grabbed that sack and helped shell
    those beans!we shelled for what went on like
    hours it seemed.But, on that day,I did not mind
    shelling beans--because I shelled them at the
    feet of a queen!Michael Anthony Ingram

44
Poetry helps us
  • Understand the use of metaphor as mediator
    between those lived experiences and the dominant
    discourse.

45
Socio-Cultural Empathic Counseling The
therapeutic exploration of the cognitive and
affective lived experiences of clients as these
experiences pertain to the convergence or race,
gender and ethnicity. Ingram, 2000
46
Credits
  • Helms, J.E., Cook, D. A. (1999). Using race
    and culture in counseling and psychotherapy
    Theory and Practice. Boston Allyn and Bacon.
  • Ingram, M. A. (2000). Shelling beans and other
    collected poems. Corvallis, Oregon Pacific
    Design Team.
  • Ingram, M. (2000). Shelling Beans The use of
    sociocultural to assist pre-service teachers and
    counselors develop empathic understanding of
    cultural differences. Manuscript submitted to the
    Journal of Multicultural Counseling and
    Development.
  • Robinson, T., Howard, M.H. (2000). The
    convergence of race, ethnicity and gender
    Multiple identities in counseling. Upper Saddle
    River, NJ Prentice Hall, Inc.
  • Yager, G.G., Ochlteree. J.K., Brekke, D.
    (1975).
  • Cognitive self-modeling approach vs. Carkhuff
    model for empathy training. Paper presented at
    the annual meeting of the American Education
    Research Association, Washington, D.C. (ERIC
    Document Reproduction Service Number 106726).
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