Structured Teaching - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Structured Teaching PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3ee430-NzhjO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Structured Teaching

Description:

Structured Teaching Presented by Thomas S. Stanage, Ph.D. and Phil Hall, Ph.D. VISUAL STRUCTURE OF TEACHING TASKS/ACTIVITIES The visual structure of teaching tasks ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:447
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: BrendaH153
Learn more at: http://www.yamwi.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Structured Teaching


1
Structured Teaching
  • Presented by
  • Thomas S. Stanage, Ph.D.
  • and
  • Phil Hall, Ph.D.

2
OVERVIEW
  • Structured teaching is a method of instruction
    based on the TEACCH (Treatment and Education of
    Autistic and related Communication Handicapped
    Children) approach. It is an approach utilizing
    a number of separate but related components that
    are built on an understanding of the common
    characteristics of Autism.

3
www.teacch.com
4
OVERVIEW CONTINUED
  • The goals of structured teaching are to promote
    independence and the development of meaning by
    making the world predictable and less confusing.
  • The emphasis is on both modifying the environment
    and teaching skills based on students strengths.
  • Structured teaching methods have been
    demonstrated to reduce behavioral problems and
    improve independence

(Hume, Kara Odom, Sam (2007) Mesibov, Gary B.
(1997))
5
OVERVIEW CONTINUED
  • Many of the Structured Teaching components have
    been refined in the classroom however, much of
    the original work was based on pioneering efforts
    to work with parents as co-therapists. (Schopler,
    Eric, 1986)
  • Structured Teaching is based on direct experience
    working with parents, teachers and children. It
    is impossible to understand structured teaching
    without having some basic understanding of the
    characteristics of autism.
  • Todays presentation is divided into two parts.
    The first part reviews the characteristics of
    autism and how those characteristics are related
    to key concepts in structured teaching. The
    second part of the presentation will then turn to
    talk about the specific components of structured
    teaching.

6
PART I
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTISM / KEY CONCEPTS OF
    STRUCTURED TEACHING

7
COGNITIVE DIFFERENCES
Most people with autism have difficulty
integrating information, extracting meaning and
distinguishing among relevant details.
Key concept
Structured teaching highlights relevant details
including such minor details as the beginning and
ending of events/tasks.
8
LEARNING STYLE
Most individuals with autism are visual learners.
They often have a very significant difficulty
with language.
Key concept
Structured teaching is based primarily of visual
learning. The focus is on creating visual
clarity.
9
SENSORY PROCESSING
Many individuals with autism are sensitive to
sensory input and have difficulty modulating
stimulation.
Key concept
Structured teaching modifies the environment to
reduce sensory stimulation.
10
SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
Individuals with autism have difficulties with
the nuances of social interaction and social
communication.
Key concept
Structured teaching provides predictability and
concrete ways to communicate with people.
11
NEED FOR ROUTINE
Individuals with autism have difficulty with
changes and transition. They often prefer
routine and sameness.
Key concept
Structured teaching uses this need for sameness
and routine to assist individuals to become more
independent and to use routine to make transition
and change less difficult.
12
Novel of Love
I love you, she said. I love you more than I can
say. I love you, too, he answered. My love for
you is higher than the highest mountain which is
Mount Everest which is over 29,000 feet high. My
love for you is deeper than the deepest ocean
which is Marianas Trench which is over 36,000
feet deep. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! If you were to
drop a rock the size of your head into water
36,000 feet deep it would take the rock about an
hour to reach the bottom.
13
PART II
  • THE COMPONENTS OF STRUCTURED TEACHING

14
PHYSICAL STRUCTURE
  • Physical structure is the way you set up and
    organize areas. This could be at home, in the
    classroom or in a group home. Physical structure
    includes clear visual boundaries that
    delineate/segment the environment and provides a
    context for different activities.
  • In a Structured Teaching classroom, these areas
    would typically include separate areas for group,
    play, transition and both teacher directed and
    independent work.
  • The same concepts can be applied at home or in a
    residence. Many areas in a home are already
    activity specific, e.g. bathroom, playroom,
    dining room, etc.

15
Locker/Cubby Area
16
Group Work Area
17
Nap Area / Quiet Area
18
Individual Work Area
19
Transition Area
20
BACK TO KEY CONCEPTS
  • Visually clear areas that provide a context for
    learning/activities
  • Also, the physical structure attempts to minimize
    visual and auditory distractions

21
VISUAL SCHEDULE
  • Visual schedules attempt to convey to the
    individual where they need to be and the order in
    which activities take place. They can represent
    as much or as little of the day as is appropriate
    for the individual student. Visual schedules may
    be made using a variety of visual representation
    systems including real objects, photographs,
    drawings, commercial picture systems, written
    language.

22
First - Then Schedule
One of the simplest part day schedules. This
same type of schedule could be done using objects
or actual photographs.
23
Object Schedule
24
Schedule Using Actual Photos
25
Picture Symbol Schedule
26
Written Schedule
27
Transition to Lunch
28
BACK TO KEY CONCEPTS
  • Again, notice the effort that goes into making
    the schedule visually clear.
  • Also, note the attempts to foreshadow
    (communicate what is next) using concrete
    communication.
  • Also, note the focus on using routines to helping
    the child make transitions.

29
INDIVIDUAL WORK SYSTEM
  • The individual work system is used to present
    learning tasks and other activities to the
    student. The work system tells the student what
    work, how much work, when work will be finished
    and what comes next.
  • Again, the work systems do this using visual
    clarity, routine, concrete communication and
    efforts to highlight meaningful or salient
    details.

30
Individual Work System (Continued)
  • The type of work system may include a simple left
    to right system using a finish basket. A system
    that matches color, shape, alphabet or numbers or
    it might be a written system.

31
Individual Work System using finished basket
32
Individual Work System using number matching
33
Individual Work System using color coded folders
34
VISUAL STRUCTURE OF TEACHING TASKS/ACTIVITIES
  • The visual structure of teaching tasks / other
    activities attempts to clarify by drawing
    attention to important details using labeling,
    highlighting, color coding anything that makes
    the relevant aspect of the task more salient.
  • The visual structure also organizes materials in
    space and sequences.
  • Visual structure instructs by giving the visual
    information about how to complete the task using
    jigs, arrows, pictures, product samples
    anything that makes verbal instruction
    unnecessary.

35
EXAMPLES OF TASKS
36
EXAMPLES OF TASKS
37
Conclusion / Discussion
  • There is no single treatment protocol for all
    children with autism. However, we do know that
    most individuals respond best to highly
    structured, behavioral type programs.
  • The emphasis in Structured Teaching is designing
    interventions based on a persons strengths and
    interests while at the same time modifying the
    environment to promote independence and success.
  • Structured Teaching is probably best understood
    as a basis or framework for learning.
About PowerShow.com