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Improving Rural Livelihood Through Linking Small-Holder Farmers to New Growth Markets in the WANA Region

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Improving Rural Livelihood Through Linking Small-Holder Farmers to New Growth Markets in the WANA Region Prof. Dr.M.S.A.Safwat, Chairman of MAPN (Medicinal and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Improving Rural Livelihood Through Linking Small-Holder Farmers to New Growth Markets in the WANA Region


1
Improving Rural Livelihood Through Linking
Small-Holder Farmers to New Growth Markets in
the WANA Region
  • Prof. Dr.M.S.A.Safwat, Chairman of MAPN
    (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Network),
    AARINENA,
  • e-mail focalpoint_mhpaarinena_at_yahoo.com

2
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3
  • Organic food production is a growing business
    with good long-term prospects but still it only
    accounts for a small proportion of agricultural
    areas in the WANA region countries. There are no
    clearly defined figures about the size and total
    area of production. Organic agriculture is a top
    priority, especially regarding food safety and
    income-generation for small and medium-scale
    farmers. It can play a role in achieving the
    broad objectives of WANA's four networks
  • (Date Palm, Cotton, Olives and Medicinal
    Plants )
  • Poverty reduction, food security and
    sustainable development.

4
  • The project "Improving Rural Livelihood Through
    Linking Small-Holder Farmers to New Growth
    Markets in the WANA Region
  • has the aim to incorporate successful
    agricultural practices in certain sub-sections
  • Dates, olives,
    cotton medicinal plants
  • through establishing pilot and localized
    projects for effective extensions, technology
    transfer systems and mechanisms. Once
    implemented, this project will have a positive
    impact on the approach of farmers, growers'
    associations and communities to both, market and
    supply chains, and it will equip them with
    appropriate decisions on products and markets.
    Moreover, the project will also yield a higher
    competitiveness and strengthen the role of sub-
    sectors through improved productivity and
    quality. Cultural concepts and attitudes toward
    extension workers will improve ,too.

5
  • Another aim of the project is to activate the
    role of AARINENA networks in disseminating
    information.
  • The present proposal aims at bringing together
    key stakeholders in the development of
    profitable, equitable and operational market and
    supply chains which will fulfill consumers'
    demands for fairly traded commodities and create
    economic opportunities for low-income rural
    producers.

6










Network of AARINENA Commodity System
7
  • Development goal
  • The development goal of the project is to
    contribute to improving the livelihood of the
    rural population. The project also aims at
    establishing a comprehensive data collection,
    analysis and reporting systems for all
    stakeholders of the targeted commodities (dates,
    olives, cotton and medicinal plants), with an
    objective of building national capacity in the
    field of market, extension and organic farming
    orientations.
  • A better preparation and an action mode for all
    stakeholders in the market and supply chains of
    the four sub-sectors is another important goal of
    the project. This will consequently enhance the
    livelihood options for small- scale farmers.
    The development goals are summarized here below

8
  • Integration of development efforts among
    stakeholders of sub-sector commodities
  • Capacity building of human resources (extensions
    and farmers)
  • Better utilization and management of natural
    resources
  • Better understanding of market needs
  • Enhancing competitiveness capability through
    quality improvement
  • Involving farmers in decision- making on
    extension and development
  • Introduction, intensification and optimization of
    organic production, environmental protection and
    the promotion and supporting of the access of the
    Networks country members' organic products to
    local, regional and international markets.

9
The present project is built around the
following three main components
Market orientation for the networks of the
project
Utilization and enhancement of organic
agriculture in the AARINENA region
Pilot innovation extension and technology
transfer
10
Dates
Olives
Cotton
Medicinal plants
Expected outputs
Database and knowledge about market
A management plan of market chains
A methodology of mapping and characterizing of
market
Solution of major constraints
The profitability and competitiveness of
selected market chains
Sets of lessons learned, good practice and
regulatory recommendations
11
  • c. Utilization and enhancement of organic
    agriculture in the AARINENA region
  • Output 1 Information about the current situation
    in the concerned countries regarding market and
    organic production of olives, dates, cotton and
    medicinal plants is collected and analyzed.
  • Output 2 Organic agriculture in selected
    sub-sectors (olives, date palm, cotton and
    medicinal plants) in the targeted countries is
    strengthened.
  • Output 3 Participation and capacity of the
    structures and membership of AARINENA networks is
    improved.
  • Output 4 The potential of organic agriculture
    regarding social, environmental, and economic
    benefits is recognized.
  • Output 5 Organic marketing is improved at all
    levels in AARINENA countries (local, regional and
    export marketing).
  • Output 6 An advisory strategy, including
    consultancies and development agencies, for
    AARINENA countries with an emerging sub-sector
    (olive, date palm, cotton and medicinal plants)
    of organic products is developed and implemented.

12
  • Target beneficiaries
  • The present project will be of benefit to all
    stakeholders involved in the production,
    processing and marketing levels, namely small and
    medium scale farmers, extension specialists,
    processors, traders, packers, food production
    chains, manufacturers and also indirectly to
    consumers.
  • Higher incomes will be ensured to small-scale
    farmers who are usually cheated of their effort /
    real value of their products. Furthermore, there
    are presently too many traders and only the
    appropriate ones will remain but with a better
    off situation. The project will aim at more
    constant and sustainable supply of merchandise
    with an improved quality which will consequently
    affect positively the processors, packers and
    manufacturers. Affordable prices and greater
    availability of products will directly benefit
    the consumers.

13
  • Project partners (collaborating institutions)
  • Depending on which network will be selected first
    for the implementation of the present project,
    it is only then that collaborating institutions
    (per country from and outside the region) will be
    identified. However, the liberty was taken to
    adapt this part to the four sub-sectors.

14
  • Ministries of Agriculture and specialized organic
    institutions in the AARINENA member countries
  • National Agricultural Research Centers (NARCS and
    GFAR)
  • Farmers' Organizations
  • Private sector / factories and associations in
    AARINENA region
  • Consumer organizations in WANA region
  • National and regional institutions
  • Local community organizations, associations,
    producers organizations and enterprises and
    their support institutions (public sector and
    NGOs).

15
  • Institutions that might participate in the
    extension field could be
  • Current extension agencies and specialists human
    resources, previous experiences, field contacts.
  • Farmers organizations, farmers' unions, NGO's
    needs, model systems.
  • Ministries of agriculture (MOAs) and NARs
    resources, experiences, infrastructure.
  • Information technology agencies tools,
    techniques, mechanisms, programs.
  • AARINENA as a regional organization exchange of
    knowledge and experiences.

16
  • Concerning AARINENA Networks (olive, date palm,
    cotton and medicinal plants ) member countries
    Within each country the following institutions
    will participate
  • Government institutions (GO) Harmonized rules
    and food control measures.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
    Training,information dissemination and
    sustainable agriculture development.
  • Farmers' Organizations (FOs) Training,
    information dissemination and sustainable
    agriculture development.
  • Research centers / National Agriculture Research
    Centers (NARs) Research and training.
  • Associations and rural communities (CSOs)
    Sustainable agriculture development and
    information dissemination.
  • Organic Agriculture movements and projects
    Training and capacity building.
  • Existing certified bodies or organizations (CB)
    Certification, communications and exchange of
    experiences.

17
  • Institutions from outside the region that could
    participate
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations (FAO)
  • International Center for Agricultural Research in
    Dry Areas (ICARDA)
  • Arab Organization for Agricultural Investment and
    Development (AAAID)
  • Successful extension agencies such as USDA.
  • International Federation of Organic Agriculture
    Movements IFOAM.
  • German Technical Cooperation Agency (GTZ)
    Division 45-Rural Development.
  • World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The International Trade Center UNCTAD/WTO (ITC).
  • The Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural
    Cooperation (CTA).
  • The World Conservation Union (IUCN)-WESCANA
    Regional Office / Amman Jordan.

18
  • Project Team Convener
  • Prof. Abdelouahhab Zaid (Team Leader) General
    Coordinator of the DPGN Director of the Date
    Palm Research and Development Program Chief
    Technical Advisor / UNDP P.O.Box. 81908, Al
    Ain, United Arab Emirates. Tel 971 3 7832334,
    Mobile 971 50 6633598, Fax 971 3 7832472
  • E-mail zaid_at_uaeu.ac.ae
  • Mr. Mohamed El Kholy (Farmer, Olive NW Focal
    Point for Egypt and Chairman of the coordinating
    board for 2005) elkholy49_at_yahoo.com
  • Mr. Nabeel Abu-Shriha Agronomist, FAO GFAR /
    AARINENA NGOs Focal point . abushriha_at_mail.com /
    n_abushriha_at_hotmail.com (Head, Agricultural and
    Environmental Projects Unit) Amman, Jordan.

19
Case study EgyptCommodity Medicinal plants
Desired outcome
Skills and capacity enhanced, and attitudes and
behavior changed of the following actors
Smallholder farmers with increased ability to
meet the demands of the market, through
application of good agricultural practices,
organic methods and/or other practices required
by purchasers, beneficiary farmers, participating
farmers groups
  • Governorates
  • Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minia, New Valley, North
    Sinai, Matruh and other areas.
  • Participants
  • Small farmers, NGOs, institutions with good
    agricultural practices and organic farming.

20
Desired outcome
Skills and capacity enhanced, and attitudes and
behavior changed of the following actors
Extensions, and other small enterprise service
providers, ability to supply demand oriented,
cost effective and sustainable services to
smallholder farmers.Potential participating
service providers
Current status Ministry of Agriculture Agricultur
al Research Center, Desert Research
Center. Foreign projects, international organizati
ons, such as AERI, FAO, CARE, ICARDA , GTZ,
etc.
Services provided by private sector and NGOs
such as ESHEDA,ESMAP and others.. Interest in
providing in/out services through contracts
with farmers before plantation according to the
needs of foreign markets
21
Desired outcome
Skills and capacity enhanced, and attitudes and
behavior changed of the following actors
Researchers ability to generate information,
knowledge, tools and technologies that respond
to the expressed needs and demands of smallholder
farmers and their service provider. Potential
participating research institutions
-         Higher studies (Masters and
Ph.D.s)-         Applied researches to help
farmers-         Research Projects-        
Research Centers-         Universities and
institutes -         Private sectors -        
Study of problems facing agriculture and
deliberation of aromatic and medicinal plants,
determination of priorities, and preparations
of research projects aiming at solving these
problems-         Adding new kinds and
technologies in order to improve productivity,
provide opportunities for work, and therefore,
raising the standard of living and the national
economy.
22
Product/commodity is important for the
livelihood/welfare of a significant number of
smallholder farmers.
Table 2. Matrix to help select countries for
initial focus of a global partnership programme
on linking smallholder farmers to markets
Commodity
Criteria
  • -         Enhancing womens efficiency through
    training, providing job opportunities and raising
    the standard of living.
  • -         Suggesting projects for minor
    industries such as drying, sieving, drafting and
    filtration.

23
There exists or there is potentially a
growing and well defined domestic or export
market for the product.
Table 2. Matrix to help select countries for
initial focus of a global partnership programme
on linking smallholder farmers to markets
Commodity
Criteria
  •    Current status of local market, exporting
    Egyptian products whether these products are
    fresh, dried or manufactured.
  • -         Study of obstacles and problems,
    deciding points of power and weakness, suggesting
    solutions and recommending further improvements.

24
There are on- going RD and other investments on
which to build, filling gaps, learning and
sharing experiences within and beyond the WANA
region
Table 2. Matrix to help select countries for
initial focus of a global partnership programme
on linking smallholder farmers to markets
Commodity
Criteria
  • - Researches, Developments, and Progressive
    Projects
  • the aim of this is to tighten the
    economical gap through education and exchange
    of experiences on the provincial level.

25
The actors in the supply chain (farmers, traders,
wholesalers, retailers etc) and service providers
(public and private RD institutions or
enterprises) are willing to participate.
Table 2. Matrix to help select countries for
initial focus of a global partnership programme
on linking smallholder farmers to markets
Commodity
Criteria
  • - A system is suggested to link all the
    interested trends such as
  • farmers, merchants, producers, and
    exporters with research areas such
  • as medicinal plant societies, and research
    areas belonging to
  • the government or the private sector.

26
Other Environmental conditions may affect local
varieties of medicinal plants and the active
components and therefore every country has its
own conditions which influence the demands from
the national, regional and international markets
for industrial purposes.
Table 2. Matrix to help select countries for
initial focus of a global partnership programmed
on linking smallholder farmers to markets
Commodity
Criteria
  •    Examples Considering the environmental
    conditions Aloe Vera in Egypt may contain more
    active components related to continuous sunlight
  • around the year.
  • Considering the dry condition and the large
    difference between day and night temperature,
    Black Cumin Nigella sativa in Minia - Egypt may
    contain more active components related to (0 CO
    - 5 CO) at night, while 25 CO to 35 CO at day.

27
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28
Thyme
29
Spearmint
30
Lemongrass
31
Matrix to help select countries for initial focus
of a global partnership programme on linking
farmers to markets
32
Product/commodity of Olive oil is important for
the livelihood/welfare of a significant number of
smallholder farmers.



33
Product/commodity of Table Olives is important
for the livelihood/welfare of a significant
number of smallholder farmers.



34
There exists a growing and well defined domestic
market demand for Olive oil


35
There exists a growing and well defined domestic
market demand for the Table Olives


36
There exists a growing and well defined export
market demand for Olive oil



37
There exists a growing and well defined export
market demand for Table Olives



38
Comment of Oil Table Olives

Not Self sufficient
Self sufficient
39
Commodity Medicinal and aromatic plants
Criteria important for the livelihood/welfare of
a significant number of smallholder farmers



Syria
Morocco
Oman
Sudan
Iran
Kuwait
Yemen
Egypt
Malta
Jordan
40
Commodity Medicinal and aromatic plants
Criteria exists a growing and well defined
domestic market demand for the product



Syria
Morocco
Oman
Sudan
Iran
Kuwait
Yemen
Egypt
Malta
Jordan
41
Commodity Medicinal and aromatic plants
Criteria exists a growing and well defined export
market demand for the product



Syria
Morocco
Oman
Sudan
Iran
Kuwait
Yemen
Egypt
Malta
Jordan
42
  • Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal
    plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems
  • Environment Facility (GEF) at 4, 617080 million
    dollars for a period of five years until 2007
  • The objective of the project is to conserve
    globally significant medicinal plant species and
    associated habitats in St .Katherines
    Protectorate as follows
  • 1) foreclose the use of critically endangered
    medicinal plant species in hotspots
  • 2) introduce small-scale community-based
    cultivation, processing and medicinal plant
    marketing to relieve pressure from wild sources
    in orchards and gardens
  • 3) introduce best practices for wild medicinal
    plant collection and sustainable collection
    levels throughout the protectorate
  • 4) promote alternative energy sources in
    demonstration areas
  • 5) disperse grazing pressure throughout the
    Protectorate
  • 6) protect community intellectual property
    rights in Egypt
  • 7) replicate project successes in Egypt.

43
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44
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