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Human Trafficking

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Human Trafficking Initiative Research for the Kimsey Foundation By: Casey Czubay Human Trafficking: the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Trafficking


1
Human Trafficking
  • Initiative Research for the Kimsey Foundation
  • By Casey Czubay

2
(No Transcript)
3
Human Trafficking
  • the recruitment, transportation, transfer,
    harboring, or receipt of persons by improper
    means, such as, force, abduction, fraud, or
    coercion, for an improper purpose, like forced or
    coerced labor, servitude, slavery, or sexual
    exploitation.
  • Based on the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress,
    and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially
    Women. (2000)

4
Quick Statistics
  • Trafficking is the 3rd largest international
    crime.
  • 700,000 to 4 million women and children are
    trafficked annually worldwide.
  • 50,000 women and children are trafficked into the
    U.S. each year for sexual exploitation.
  • 500,000 women are trafficked annually into
    Western Europe.
  • Criminal groups in Russia net an est. 7 billion
    (USD) annually from trafficking.
  • Worldwide, trafficking is fastest growing in
    Eastern Europe.
  • .

5
Additional Statistics
  • 2/3 of 500,000 women trafficked annually for
    prostitution worldwide are Eastern European.
  • In 1992 the Czech Republic reported only 2
    cases of trafficking, 8 cases in 1993, and 10
    cases in 1994. Since 1994 the reported cases have
    dramatically increased.
  • Most of the 20,000 women in Czech brothels
    were trafficked.
  • More than 100,000 Ukrainian women, have been
    trapped and enslaved as prostitutes in Western
    Europe.
  • 70 of pimps who traffic Ukrainian women are
    women.
  • In 1989, 378 women from the former Soviet Union
    entered Japan on entertainment visas. In 1995,
    4,763 Russian women entered Japan on
    entertainment visas.

6
T.I.P. ReportTrafficking In Persons
  • Mandated under Trafficking Victims Protection
    Act of 2000 to issue three annual reports 2000,
    2001, 2002. The report ranks countries in one of
    three tiers
  • Tier 1 complying with all laws
  • Tier 2 efforts to combat trafficking
  • Tier 3 ignoring or promoting trafficking
  • Tier 3
  • 2001 - Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus,
    Bosnia, Cambodia, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq,
    Kyrgystan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Russia, Sudan,
    Tajikistan, Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United
    Arab Emirates.
  •  
  • 2000 - Albania, Bahrain, Belarus,
    Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Democratic Republic
    of Congo, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Israel,
    Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Qatar,
    Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea,
    Sudan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Federal
    Republic of Yugoslavia.
  •  
  •  

7
T.I.P. Tier Movement
  • Tier Improving Nations from 2000 - 2001
  • Albania, the Czech Republic, France, Gabon,
    Israel, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Macedonia,
    Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, South Korea, Romania,
    and Yugoslavia (14)
  • Points of interest
  • Currently TIP evaluates 89 nations (In 2002,
    want to evaluate 110). Information gathered from
    186 embassies/ consulates. Many nations not
    included because of lack of substantial
    information.
  • 2001 - 89 countries listed as follows Tier 1
    18 countries,
  • Tier 2 52 countries, Tier 3 19 countries.
  • Two countries from the 2001 Report were not
    included on the 2000 Report. (Austria and Sweden)

8
Significant CatalystsRecent Events Contributing
to Increased Trafficking
  • Fall of the Soviet Union in 1991
  • Increased capacity for global migration
  • Increased wealth gap
  • Decline of the Asian Financial Markets
  • (Mid- late 1990s)

9
Policy Trends
  • Advocacy Direct Services
  • Vital Voices, La Strada, UN Foundation,
  • Human Rights Law Group, UNICEF, Safe Horizons,
    ILO,
  • UNICEF, UN Foundation IOFA, Safe Horizons

10
Direct Services
Advocacy
11
Advocacy
12
Advocacy
  • Lobby for initial legislation at regional,
    national, and international level.
  • Lobby for greater specificity, enforcement, and
    implementation of existing laws.
  • Educate lawmakers, law enforcement, other
    advocates, and the public about trafficking.
  • Prominent Organizations
  • UNICEF, UN Foundation, Human Rights Law Group,
    Vital Voices

13
Direct Services
14
Direct Services
  • Counseling
  • Medicinal Attention
  • Translation
  • Legal Aid (visa, testimony)
  • Monetary Assistance
  • Housing
  • Reintegration Efforts
  • Prominent Organizations
  • UNICEF, UN Foundation, La Strada, Safe Horizons

15
Concerned/Interested Parties
  • UNICEF
  • ILO
  • UNDEP
  • State Department
  • IOM
  • Georgetown University
  • Protection Project (Johns Hopkins Univ.)
  • UN Foundation
  • Carnegie Endowment
  • Eurasia Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • MacArthur Foundation
  • Mott Foundation
  • Smith Richardson Foundation

16
Assessment
  • Direct Services
  • Moderately successful in aiding victims on a
    case by case basis. In general direct service
    organizations excel at specific tasks, i.e.,
    translation services. With this in mind, it is a
    travesty that these organizations most often fail
    to coordinate amongst other service providers.
    This lack of potentially synergistic alliances,
    contributes to the current situation of mediocre
    care.
  • Advocacy
  • With UN Protocol as evidence, trafficking
    advocates largely successful in encouraging
    trafficking legislation worldwide. Also generally
    successful in implementing regional and
    enforcement-oriented supplemental legislation.
    The present advocacy task of legislation
    enforcement is an arduous battle. However, all
    indicators point to a marked increase in
    trafficking awareness and widespread concern.

17
Initiative Possibilities
  • 1. Coordinate Foundation/Donor Conference
  • Sponsor Vital Voices Global Leadership
    Institute (Human Trafficking focus)
  • Create organization coordinator position within
    La Strada

18
Host Trafficking Conference
  • Opportunity to create discussion and
    dialogue.
  • Brainstorm effective methods of involvement.
  • Identify potential future program partners.

19
Sponsor Vital Voices Trafficking Conference
  • Educate regional leaders.
  • Obtain true leverage through empowering
    individuals with practical skills necessary to
    engender change.
  • Involve the DC community.

20
Create Coordinator Position
  • Establish position in the La Strada organization
    to coordinate activity amongst the La Strada
    offices.
  • Additionally this coordinator would
  • Harmonize reintegration efforts, conferences
    and advocacy.
  • Generate organized and efficient European
    anti-trafficking efforts.
  • Facilitate greater U.S. involvement in European
    anti-trafficking efforts by functioning as an
    informed contact person.

21
Conclusions
  • Human trafficking is an egregious human rights
    violation that did not rapidly emerge and will
    not promptly depart.
  • Thankfully, governments, NGOs, and foundations
    are beginning to recognize the necessity of
    trafficking protection, prosecution, and
    prevention. However, increased awareness and
    resources are crucial to successfully eradicate
    human trafficking.
  • The time is ripe for foundations if properly
    focused and coordinated to enter the human
    trafficking arena with confidence that their
    resources will generate substantial and essential
    alleviation.
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