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OSHA

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OSHA Update PRESENTED BY: Joan M. Spencer Compliance Assistance Specialist Tampa Area Office 813-626-1177 Swept Up in Safety Weeks One week each quarter Media ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA


1
OSHA Update

PRESENTED BY Joan M. SpencerCompliance
Assistance Specialist Tampa Area Office
813-626-1177
2
OSHA 5-Year Plan
  • Reduce fatality rates by 15
  • Reduce injury/illness rates by 20

3
OSHA Leadership
  • Strong, fair and effective enforcement
  • Outreach, education and compliance assistance
  • Partnerships and cooperative programs

4
Strong, Fair and Effective Enforcement
  • National Emphasis Programs
  • Regional Emphasis Programs
  • Local Emphasis Programs
  • Site Specific Targeting
  • Enhanced Enforcement Program
  • Referral for Criminal Prosecution, where
    appropriate
  • 11(b) Enforcement

5
National Emphasis Programs
  • Trenching
  • Silica
  • Lead
  • Amputations

6
Regional Emphasis Program
  • Falls in Construction
  • Electrical Hazards
  • Landscaping
  • Inspection Saturation for Florida
  • Swept Up in Safety Weeks

7
Swept Up in Safety Weeks
  • One week each quarter
  • Media releases
  • Outreach
  • Focus on leading hazards Scaffolds, Roofing,
    Trenching, Heavy equipment

8
Local Emphasis ProgramsTampa
  • Silica Other Safety Hazards in Concrete Block,
    Concrete Products and Ready-mixed Concrete
    Manufacturing
  • Ship / Boat Building and Repair

9
Reasons for Strong, Fair and Effective Enforcement
Too Many Fatalities
10
Fatality Investigations by Tampa Area Office
11
Workplace Fatalities in FY 2005 Tampa
70 Total Fatalities - 23 (or 33)
involved Hispanic Victims 35
Fatalities in Construction - 50 of
the total - 17 (or 49) Involved
Hispanic Victims
12
What happened in 2005
70 Fatalities Struck-by
23 Falls 20 Electrocution
10 Caught-in 5 Drowning 6 Heat
Stroke 2 Burns 2 Overexposure 2
13
Workplace Fatalities in FY 2006 Tampa
52 Total Fatalities - 20 (or 38)
involved Hispanic Victims 33
Fatalities in Construction - 61 of
the total - 11 (or 33) Involved
Hispanic Victims
14
What happened in 2006
52 Fatalities Struck-by
20 Falls 19 Electrocution
8 Caught-in 1 Drowning 1 Heat Stroke
2 Burns 1
15
Workplace Fatalities in FY 2007 (to date) Tampa
13 Total Fatalities - 5 (or 38)
involved Hispanic Victims 7
Fatalities in Construction - 54 of
the total - 2 (or 29) Involved
Hispanic Victims
16
What happened in 2007 (to date)
13 Fatalities Struck-by 4 Falls
3 Electrocution 1 Caught-in
1 Burns 1 Toxic Exposure 1
17
Enforcement
  • OSHA's Enhanced Enforcement Program
  • Focus on employers who have received "high
    gravity" citations
  • Follow-Up Inspections
  • Programmed Inspections
  • Public Awareness
  • Settlement Provisions
  • Federal Court Enforcement

18
Issuing Citations under 11(b) of the OSH Act
  • 11(b) of the OSH Act authorizes the Secretary
    of Labor to obtain court orders compelling
    employers to comply with final Orders of the
    Review Commission
  • Powerful tool for those employers who fail to
    respond to normal enforcement incentives

19
Issuing Citations under 11(b) of the OSH Act
  • Employer who violates such a court order can be
    found in contempt of court
  • Potential sanctions for contempt
  • Daily failure-to-abate penalties
  • Recovery of cost to bring such action
  • Incarceration of an individual corporate officer
    who flouts the courts order
  • Any sanctions to secure compliance

20
Citation Ranking (FY 06)
Sic 2011-9999 Ntl Rank RIV Rank
1910.147(c) - LOTO 1 1
1910.212(a) mach. Grd. 2 3
1910.1200(e) - HC 3 2
1910.1200(h) - HC 4 4
1910.178(l) PIT 5 7
1910.305(b) Electrical 6 6
1910.305(g) Electrical 7 5
1910.134(c) - Respirator 8 8
21
Citation Ranking (FY 06)
SIC 1500-1799 Ntl Rank RIV Rank
1926.501(b) Fall Pro. 1 1
1926.451(g) Scaffold Guardrails 2 2
1926.1053(b) - Ladders 3 5
1926.20(b) Acc Prev Prgm 4 8
1926.451(b) Scaf. 5 4
1926.100(a) Hard hat 6 9
1926.503(a) Fall Prot Trng 7 11
1926.453(b) Aerial Lifts 8 3
22
OSHA Myths
  • Ive got less than 10 employees, so Im exempt
    from OSHA standards.

I work residential and OSHA doesnt have
jurisdiction in residential.
We always know when you are coming anyway.
Watch out they can shut down your job.
Theyll give you a break the first time you
violate a standard.
23
Standard Setting
  • Final Rules
  • Assigned Protection Factors
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Hexavalent Chromium
  • Final Rule Stage
  • Revision Update of Subpart S
  • Electrical Standards
  • Employer Payment for PPE
  • Electrical Power Transmission
  • and Distribution Electrical PPE
  • Vertical Tandem Lifts

24
Standard Setting
  • Proposed Rule Stage
  • Confined Space in Construction
  • Cranes and Derricks
  • Walking Working Surfaces and
  • Personal Fall Protection
  • Systems (1910)
  • General Working Conditions for
  • Shipyard Employment
  • Explosives
  • Updating OSHA Standards
  • Based on National Consensus
  • Standards
  • NFPA Standards in Shipyard
  • Fire Protection

25
Hexavalent Chromium or Cr(VI) Final Rule
29 CFR 1910.1026 Chromium (VI) 29 CFR
1915.1126 Chromium (VI) applies to longshoring
and maritime terminals too 29 CFR 1926.1126
Chromium (VI)
26
Chromium (VI) Final Rule
  • Lowered PEL for Cr(VI) from 52 to 5 µg/m3
  • Excluded from coverage
  • All portland cement operations
  • PEL for portland cement limits exposure
  • Applications of Cr(VI) pesticides
  • Manufacturing and use of treated wood covered
  • - Any operation w/ objective data lt 0.5 µg/m3

27
Chromium (VI) Standards Effective Dates
Effective May 30, 2006 Start-up (gt 20
ees) Nov 27, 2006 Start-up (lt 20 ees) May
30, 2007 Engineering controls May 31, 2010
28
Assigned Protection Factors (APFs) for
Respirators
  • Regulatory History
  • In June, 2003, OSHA published an APF NPRM
  • proposed decisions on an APF Table
  • definitions for Assigned Protection Factors
    (APFs) and Maximum Use Concentrations (MUCs)
  • amendments to supersede the existing APF
    requirements in OSHAs substance-specific
    standards.
  • On August 24, 2006 Published Final Rule for
    Assigned Protection Factors in Fed Register
    7150121-50192
  • Effective date - November 22, 2006.

29
Assigned Protection Factors (APFs) for
Respirators
Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5 Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5 Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5 Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5 Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5 Table 1.--Assigned Protection Factors 5
Type of respirator 1,2 Quarter mask Half mask Full facepiece Helmet/ hood Loose- fitting facepiece
1. Air-Purifying Respirator 5 10 3 50
2. Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) 50 1,000 25/1,000 4 25
3. Supplied-Air Respirator (SAR) or Airline Respirator
Demand mode 10 50
Continuous flow mode 50 1,000 25/1,000 4 25
Pressure-demand or other positive- pressure mode 50 1,000
4. Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
Demand mode 10 50 50
Pressure-demand or other positive- pressure mode (e.g., open/closed circuit). 10,000 10,000
30
Hazard Communication
  • Tuesday, September 12, 2006, ANPR to modify the
    Hazard Communication Standard to align with the
    Globally Harmonized System of Classification and
    Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)
  • The GHS includes harmonized criteria for
    classification of chemicals for their health,
    physical and environmental hazards, as well as
    specifications for what information is included
    on a label and safety data sheet for a chemical. 

31
HCS Conclusion
  • Greatest impact on chemical manufacturers,
    importers, and employers who produce or
    distribute hazardous chemicals as currently
    covered under the HCS.
  • More consistency and better communication
  • Significant phase-in period
  • Public resources available

32
Hazard Communication
  • OSHA solicited input on a number of issues
    related to implementation of the GHS as well as
    on the types of compliance assistance employers
    and employees would find useful to facilitate the
    transition.
  •  
  • Comments were due by November 13, 2006

33
End
  • Questions
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