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Bonjour ! Bienvenu !

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Bonjour ! Bienvenu ! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bonjour ! Bienvenu !


1
Bonjour ! Bienvenu !
2
Common mistakes in SE
  • In Chinese
  • The word order differs from that in English.
  • E How are you?
  • C You good?
  • Time and place adverbs usually come before the
    verb.
  • E I will go to Taipei tomorrow.
  • C Tomorrow I go to Taipei.

3
  • There are few or no articles.
  • E He is a clever boy.
  • C He is clever boy.
  • The verb doesnt change tense.
  • E I saw a movie last night.
  • C I see a movie last night.
  • The verb be is dropped.
  • E She is five years old.
  • C She five years old.
  • The infinitive to is dropped.
  • E I love to swim.
  • C I love swim.
  • The pronoun that is dropped.
  • E That the earth is round is known to
    everyone.
  • C The earth is round is known to everyone.

4
Special Problems with Verbs
  • Passive Voice
  • Passive voice of the verb is used when the
    subject receives that action instead of doing it.
  • This book is not written by Dr. Lee.
  • Mary was born on the fourth of July, 2000.
  • The letter has been received by the King.
  • They were served by that waiter.
  • Be careful when using passive voice.

5
  • Transitive Intransitive Verbs
  • Transitive verbs require an object.
  • You must answer me when I ask you a question.
  • Intransitive verbs do not have an object.
  • Lets talk in English.
  • Intransitive verbs (occur, happen, sleep) cannot
    be used to form the passive voice.
  • The earthquake was occurred at 11PM.
  • The tragedy was happened last night.
  • The students were slept until noon.

6
  • Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives
  • A gerund ends in ing and is used as noun.
  • I love swimming
  • I enjoy watching cartoons.
  • An infinitive is the base form of a verb and is
    preceded by to.
  • She wants to eat ice-cream
  • He plans to visit France next year.

7
  • Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an
    infinitive
  • begin, continue, like start, hate, love, etc.
  • Verbs followed with a gerund only
  • admit, appreciate, avoid, discuss, enjoy, finish,
    imagine, miss, practice, quit, risk, suggest,
    etc.
  • Verbs followed with an infinitive only
  • agree, ask, beg, decide, expect, have, hope,
    manage, mean, offer, plan, pretend, want, etc.

8
Exercise 1 Correct the sentences
  • He keeps swim every day.
  • He likes play violin.
  • He can swimming.
  • Sam does not goes to work.
  • They will start test the specimens this
    afternoon.
  • This letter has never finished.
  • The tsunami was occurred in South Asia.
  • This house is built in 1913.

9
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Neither the lab assistant nor the students were
    able to download the program.
  • Either a drivers license or a credit card is
    required.
  • Either a drivers license or two credit cards are
    required.
  • There are surprisingly few children in this
    school.
  • At the back of the room are a testing machine and
    a balance.

10
Exercise 2 Select the correct verb
  • Neither the professor nor his assistant
    (was/were) able to solve the mystery.
  • Each of the speakers (was/were) given twenty
    minutes.
  • No one who has ever seen the northern lights
    (has/have) forgotten them.
  • Thirty percent of the testing (is/are) completed.
  • Thirty percent of the tests (is/are) completed.

11
Conditional Sentences
  • Factual conditional sentences are used to
    express
  • Scientific truth, in which case both verbs are
    present tense.
  • If water cools to 0C, it freezes.
  • A relationship that is habitually true, in which
    case both verbs are the same tense.
  • Whenever the coach needed help, I volunteered.

12
  • Predictive conditional sentences
  • Predict a future possibility as a consequence of
    a present action.
  • If you practice regularly, your English will
    improve.
  • Unless you study carefully, you will receive a
    poor grade.
  • Speculative conditional sentences
  • Express an unlikely possibility, describe events
    that did not happen, or refer to conditions
    contrary to fact.
  • If I had the money, I would travel to France.
  • (I dont have money now.)
  • If you had studied harder, you would have
    received a higher grade.
  • (You did not study hard.)
  • If I were President, I would reduce taxes.

13
Exercise 3 Correct the sentences
  • If I live in northern Alaska, I would need to buy
    a winter coat.
  • If my father is here now, he would tell me what
    to do.
  • We will miss our class unless we could hurry to
    school.
  • I dont think you will believe me even if I told
    you the truth.
  • If the sun is to rise in the west, I will change
    my mind.

14
Au revoir
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