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Los perfectos

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Los perfectos * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Perfect Tenses Any perfect tense is a compound tense. But what is a compound tense? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Los perfectos


1
Los perfectos
2
Perfect Tenses
  • Any perfect tense is a compound tense. But what
    is a compound tense?
  • Easy!! A compound word is 2 words put together
    like home work homework
  • play ground playground.
  • A compound tense is 2 verbs used together to form
  • 1 tense.

3
Past Participle
  • All perfect tenses are made up of two parts the
    helping verb haber and the past participle of the
    main verb
  • helping verb past participle
    helping verb past
    participle
  • He has eaten. We have seen.
  • They have left. You have finished.
  • I have studied. She has fallen.

4
Qué es el presente perfecto?
  • The present perfect is formed by combining

The helping verb HABER (have or has)
  • the past participle


5
Past Participle
  • All perfect tenses are made up of two parts the
    helping verb and the past participle of the main
    verb
  • helping verb past participle
    helping verb past
    participle
  • I have studied. We have seen
  • You have finished.
  • He has eaten. They have left.
  • She has fallen. You all have helped.

6
  • This is how you form the past participle in
    Spanish
  • Drop the ar and add ado
  • hablar hablado nadar nadado
  • pensar pensado almorzar almorzado
  • llegar llegado estar estado
  • Drop the er or ir and add ido
  • comer comido poder podido
  • aprender aprendido querer querido
  • asistir asistido venir venido

7
  • There are, of course, irregular past participles
    in Spanish as there are in English.
  • call have called
  • jump have jumped
  • look have looked
  • eat have eated???? have eaten
  • bring have bringed???? have brought

8
  • R roto
  • E escrito
  • V visto
  • V vuelto
  • M muerto
  • A abierto
  • C cubierto
  • P puesto
  • H hecho
  • D dicho
  • D devuelto

9
Not exactly irregular but
  • -er and ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel
    have past participles ending in ído
  • caer ? caído creer ? creído
  • leer ? leído oír ? oído
  • reír ? reído traer ? traído

10
  • Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.

11
Para formar en español
  • In Spanish we form the present perfect by
    combining the present tense of the verb haber
    (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar) with a
    past participle
  • For example
  • Yo he bailado.
  • I have danced.
  • Nosotros no hemos estudiado para el examen.
  • We havent studied for the test.

12
The present tense of haber
he hemos
has habéis
ha han
13
Para formar
  • Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar

he estudiado hemos estudiado
has estudiado habéis estudiado
ha estudiado han estudiado
14
Now you try
On your notes, see if you can figure out the
present perfect forms for the verb hablar

he ________ hemos _______
has ________ habéis ________
ha ________ han ________
15
Is this what you came up with?

he hablado hemos hablado
has hablado habéis hablado
ha hablado han hablado
16
Lets try another
  • Now see if you can form the present perfect
    forms of the verb tomar

__ ________ ____ _______
___ ________ _____ ________
__ ________ ___ ________
17
  • Is this what you got?

he tomado hemos tomado
has tomado habéis tomado
ha tomado han tomado
18
  • Lets try another onesee if you can come up
    with the present perfect tense of ir

__ ___ _____ ___
___ ___ ______ ___
__ ___ ___ ______
19
  • Is this what you came up with?

he ido hemos ido
has ido habéis ido
ha ido han ido
20
  • Many of you may have assumed that ir had an
    irregular past participle. Afterall, it does
    have an irregular present participle. But ir is
    actually regular in this form.

21
  • Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.

22
Pluperfect (Past Perfect) (Pluscuamperfecto)
  • The past perfect (also called the pluperfect
    and, in Spanish, the pluscuamperfecto), remember,
    is the past of the past and translates with had
    in English. ALL perfect tenses get a helping
    verb and a past participle
  • present perfect he has eaten
  • past perfect he had eaten
  • future perfect he will have eaten
  • conditional perfect he would have eaten

23
  • As you saw, the present perfect tense has a set
    of helping verbs that come from haber
  • he hemos
  • has habéis
  • ha han
  • The same is true of the past perfect. The
    helping verbs for the past perfect are the
    imperfect form of haber
  • había hablado habíamos hablado
  • habías hablado habíais hablado
  • había hablado habían hablado

24
  • Note that the endings on haber for the past
    perfect are the endings for the imperfect tense
  • había habíamos
  • habías habíais
  • había habían
  • The present perfect is the PRESENT tense of
    haber the past participle.
  • The past perfect tense is the IMPERFECT (PAST)
    tense of haber the past participle.
  • Guess what the future perfect tense is composed
    of. But thats another lesson.

25
  • Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.
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