One Career Fire Fighter/Paramedic Dies and a Part-time Fire Fighter/Paramedic is Injured When Caught in a Residential Structure Flashover - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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One Career Fire Fighter/Paramedic Dies and a Part-time Fire Fighter/Paramedic is Injured When Caught in a Residential Structure Flashover

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Title: One Career Fire Fighter/Paramedic Dies and a Part-time Fire Fighter/Paramedic is Injured When Caught in a Residential Structure Flashover


1
One Career Fire Fighter/Paramedic Dies and a
Part-time FireFighter/Paramedic is Injured When
Caught in a ResidentialStructure Flashover
Illinois
2
Department Make-up
  • Career Department
  • 15 full-time
  • 17 part-time
  • 20,000 population in 4 sq miles
  • 3 engines, 1 aerial, 2 ALS ambulances, 1 squad
  • Typically 4 6 personnel per shift with Lt in
    command vehicle

3
Department Make-up
  • Minimum manning 5
  • 3 for engine
  • 2 for ambulance
  • Depending on call crew took engine, ladder or
    squad
  • Rely heavily on mutual aid (regionalization)

4
The Structure
  • One-story wood-frame built in 1951
  • 950 sq feet of living space
  • Built on concrete slab
  • 2 car garage on D-side connected by a family room
    addition.

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6
http//maps.google.com/maps?hqhttp//maps.google.
com/help/maps/tour/mapleft.kml1/maps?hlenz2u
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Wednesday, March 31, 2010 17616 Lincoln Avenue in
Homewood, Illinois
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9
17622 Lincoln Avenue in Homewood
17622 Lincoln Avenue in Homewood
17622 Lincoln Avenue in Homewood
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11
B/C CORNER
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13
Incident Information
  • March 30, 2010
  • Approximately 9pm 53o
  • 5 people on duty
  • Typical dispatch for structure assignment
  • Lt and 2 FF on Engine
  • 2 FF/PM on ambulance

14
Timeline
  • 2055 911 Call received
  • 2057 Units dispatched
  • E534 Lt and 2 FF
  • A564 2 FF/Medics
  • T1220 Lt and 3 FF
  • E1340 Lt and 4 FF
  • T1145 Lt and 3 FF
  • S440 Lt 3 FF
  • 2101 E534/T1220/A564 On Scene

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16
Timeline
  • 2103 E1340 On Scene
  • 2106 T1145/S440 On Scene
  • 2109 Flashover and FF down

17
Illinois - LODD
18
Illinois - LODD
19
Scene conditions after crews advanced inside.
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29
Contributing Factors
  • Well involved fire with entrapped civilian upon
    arrival
  • Incomplete 360 degree situational size-up
  • Inadequate risk-versus-gain analysis
  • Ineffective fire control tactics
  • Failure to recognize, understand, and react to
    deteriorating conditions

30
Contributing Factors
  • Uncoordinated ventilation and its effect on fire
    behavior
  • Removal of self-contained breathing apparatus
    (SCBA) facepiece
  • Inadequate command, control, and accountability
  • Insufficient staffing.

31
Key Recommendations
  • Ensure that a complete 360 degree situational
    size-up is conducted on dwelling fires and others
    where it is physically possible and ensure that a
    risk-versus-gain analysis and a survivability
    profile for trapped occupants is conducted prior
    to committing to interior fire fighting
    operations
  • Ensure that interior fire suppression crews
    attack the fire effectively to include
    appropriate fire flow for the given fire load and
    structure, use of fire streams, appropriate hose
    and nozzle selection, and adequate personnel to
    operate the hoseline

32
Key Recommendations
  • Ensure that fire fighters maintain crew integrity
    when operating on the fireground, especially when
    performing interior fire suppression activities
  • Ensure that fire fighters and officers have a
    sound understanding of fire behavior and the
    ability to recognize indicators of fire
    development and the potential for extreme fire
    behavior

33
Key Recommendations
  • Ensure that incident commanders and fire fighters
    understand the influence of ventilation on fire
    behavior and effectively coordinate ventilation
    with suppression techniques to release smoke and
    heat
  • Ensure that fire fighters use their
    self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and are
    trained in SCBA emergency procedures.

34
The victim, FF1, and injured fire
fighter/paramedic areoperating the 2 ½ inch
hoseline inside the structure
35
View of flashover.
36
  • Ensure that a complete 360 degree situational
    size-up is conducted on dwelling fires and others
    where it is physically possible and ensure that a
    risk-versus-gain analysis and a survivability
    profile for trapped occupants is conducted prior
    to committing to interior fire fighting
    operations

37
  • Ensure that interior fire suppression crews
    attack the fire effectively to include
    appropriate fire flow for the given fire load and
    structure, use of fire streams, appropriate hose
    and nozzle selection, and adequate personnel to
    operate the hoseline

38
  • Ensure that fire fighters maintain crew integrity
    when operating on the fireground, especially when
    performing interior fire suppression activities

39
  • Ensure that fire fighters and officers have a
    sound understanding of fire behavior and the
    ability to recognize indicators of fire
    development and the potential for extreme fire
    behavior

40
  • Ensure that incident commanders and fire fighters
    understand the influence of ventilation on fire
    behavior and effectively coordinate ventilation
    with suppression techniques to release smoke and
    heat

41
  • Ensure that fire fighters use their
    self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and are
    trained in SCBA emergency procedures.

42
  • Fire departments should ensure that adequate
    staffing is available to respond to emergency
    incidents.

43
  • Fire departments should ensure that staff for
    emergency medical services is available at all
    times during fireground operations.
  • Fire departments and dispatch centers should
    ensure they are capable of communicating with
    each other without having to monitor multiple
    channels/frequencies on more than one radio.
  • Fire departments should ensure that the incident
    commander, or designee, maintains close
    accountability for all personnel operating on the
    fireground.

44
  • Fire departments should ensure that fire fighters
    wear a full array of turnout clothing and
    personal protective equipment appropriate for the
    assigned task while participating in fire
    suppression.
  • Fire departments should ensure that a separate
    incident safety officer, independent from the
    incident commander, is appointed at each
    structure fire.
  • Fire departments should ensure that all fire
    fighters are equipped with a means to communicate
    with fireground personnel before entering a
    structure fire.

45
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