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Ethical Leadership

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Title: Ethical Leadership


1
Georgia Professional Standards Commission
The Code of Ethics for Georgia Educators
2
Legal Authority of the PSC Ethics Division
3
20-2-984.1. Adoption of a Code of Ethics.
  • (a)  It shall be the duty of the commission to
    adopt standards of performance and a code of
    ethics for educators which are generally
    accepted by educators of this state.  

4
20-2-984.1. Adoption of a Code of Ethics.
  • The standards of performance and code of ethics
    adopted by the commission shall be limited to
    professional performance and professional ethics.
     

5
Definition of Educator
  • 20-2-982.1.(2) "Educator" means teachers and
    school or school system administrators and other
    education personnel of this state who hold
    certificates, permits, or other certification
    documents issued by the Professional Standards
    Commission and persons who have applied for but
    have not yet received or have been denied such
    certificates, permits, or other certification
    documents from the Professional Standards
    Commission.  

6
20-2-984.3. the commission shall be authorized
to investigate
  1. Alleged violations by an educator of any law of
    this state pertaining to educators or the
    profession of education

7
20-2-984.3. the commission shall be authorized
to investigate
  • Alleged violations by an educator

(2) of the code of ethics of the commission
(3) of rules, regulations, policies or
(4) the standards of performance of the
commission or the state board
8
20-2-984.3. the commission shall be authorized
to investigate
  • (5) Complaints alleging that an educator has been
    convicted in the courts of this state or any
    other state, territory, or country or in the
    courts of the United States.

9
20-2-984.3.(5) the commission shall be
authorized to investigate
  • Complaints alleging that an educator has been
    convicted
  • of any felony,
  • of any crime involving moral turpitude,

10
20-2-984.3.(5) the commission shall be
authorized to investigate
  • Complaints alleging that an educator has been
    convicted
  • of any other criminal offense involving the
    manufacture, distribution, trafficking, sale, or
    possession of a controlled substance or marijuana
    as provided for in Chapter 13 of Title 16, or

11
20-2-984.3.(5) the commission shall be
authorized to investigate
  • Complaints alleging that an educator has been
    convicted
  • or of any other sexual offense as provided for in
    Code Sections 16-6-1 through 16-6-17 or Code
    Section 16-6-20, 16-6-22.2, or 16-12-100

12
20-2-751.7.
  • (d) (1)  The staff of the Professional Standards
    Commission shall be authorized, without
    notification to the Professional Standards
    Commission, to immediately open an investigation
    submitted to the commission by a local school
    superintendent, with approval of the local board
    of education, of a complaint by a student against
    an educator alleging a sexual offense,

13
20-2-751.7.
  • (d) (2) The Professional Standards Commission
    shall have on staff a minimum of one investigator
    specifically trained in investigating educator
    sexual misconduct. The investigation of any
    complaint of sexual misconduct shall be completed
    in no more than 60 days and shall be presented at
    the commission meeting immediately following the
    conclusion of the investigation.  

14
20-2-751.7.
  • (d) (3) If the Professional Standards
    Commission's review of the investigative report
    results in a sanction against the educator, the
    educator shall have the right to appeal the
    commission decision to a hearing before an
    administrative law judge within 90 days of such
    sanction.   

15
The Code of Ethics for
Georgia Educators
16
Standard 1
An educator shall abide by federal, state, and
local laws and statutes.
17
Legal Compliance
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
    the commission or conviction of
  • a felony or any crime involving moral turpitude.
  • any criminal offense involving a controlled
    substance or marijuana.
  • any sexual offense specified in Code Section
    16.
  • any laws applicable to the profession.

18
Reporting the COMMISSION of a
Criminal Offense
19
20-2-984.2. Requests by Local Boards for
Investigation of Criminal Offenses
  • (a)  Superintendents, associate or assistant
    superintendents, or directors of personnel shall
    make an immediate written report to the local
    board of education upon receiving a written
    report that any school system educator employed
    by the local unit of administration has committed
    any of the following specifically identified
    crimes  

20
20-2-984.2. Requests by Local Boards for
Investigation of Criminal Offenses
  • Murder, voluntary manslaughter, aggravated
    assault, aggravated battery, or kidnapping,
  • Any sexual offense,
  • Any sexual exploitation of a minor
  • Any offense involving marijuana or a controlled
    substance
  • Any offense involving theft
  • Unlawfully operating a motor vehicle after being
    declared a habitual violator

21
20-2-984.2. Requests by Local Boards for
Investigation of Criminal Offenses
  • (b) If the local board of education determines
    that the matters warrant investigation, then
    the local board of education shall transmit
    such report to the commission with a request for
    investigation.

22
20-2-984.2. Requests by Local Boards for
Investigation of Criminal Offenses
  • The reporting administrator and the local board
    of education shall have a good faith, reasonable
    basis to believe that the incident occurred or
    evidence exists and shall, in the written report,
    set forth such basis and detail the nature of the
    incident, evidence, and names of any and all
    known witnesses.

23
20-2-984.2. Requests by Local Boards for
Investigation of Criminal Offenses
  • (c)  The willful failure of any such local school
    system administrator to comply with this Code
    section shall be grounds for the imposition on
    the administrator of any of the disciplinary
    actions set forth in Code Section 20-2-984.5.  

24
ClearanceCriteria
25
  • Guidelines for a Clearance
  • Misdemeanor convictions that do not involve moral
    turpitude, except in cases involving sexual
    misconduct and drug related convictions of
    CERTIFIED educators.
  • Convictions prior to the age of 18, except in
    cases involving sexual misconduct or crimes
    specified in O.C.G.A. 15-11-28 murder,
    voluntary manslaughter, rape, aggravated sodomy,
    aggravated child molestation, aggravated sexual
    battery, or armed robbery if committed with a
    firearm.

26
  • Guidelines for a Clearance
  • Misdemeanor bad check convictions involving three
    or fewer convictions with no more than one
    occurrence within the last ten years or after
    initial certification.
  • One shoplifting conviction more than ten years
    old or prior to initial certification.
  • Criminal acts not related to any other authorized
    area of investigation where criminal charges were
    dropped or dismissed.

27
  • Guidelines for a Clearance
  • Minor traffic-related incidents.
  • Affirmative answers in error..
  • Reports of termination from employment (prior to
    initial certification) that do not involve a
    felony, a crime of moral turpitude or breach of
    any professions code of ethics.

28
  • Guidelines for a Clearance
  • NASDTEC entries of sanctions that would not be a
    violation of the Code of Ethics for Georgia
    Educators
  • School Systems reports involving non-disclosure
    of criminal histories or misrepresentation by
    educators in which the school system is not able
    to document the allegations of misrepresentation.

29
Standard 2
An educator shall always maintain a professional
relationship with all students, both in and
outside the classroom.
30
  • A STUDENT is anyone
  • enrolled in a Georgia public or private school
    from preschool through grade 12, or
  • anyone under the age of 18.

31
For the purposes of the Code of Ethics, the
enrollment period for a graduating student ends
on August 31 of the year of graduation.
32
Unethical Conduct with Students Includes
  1. committing any act of child abuse, including
    physical and verbal abuse
  2. committing any act of cruelty to children or any
    act of child endangerment
  3. committing any sexual act with a student or
    soliciting such from a student
  4. engaging in or permitting harassment of a student
    on the basis of race, gender, sex, national
    origin, religion or disability
  5. soliciting, encouraging, or consummating an
    inappropriate written, verbal, electronic, or
    physical relationship with a student
  6. furnishing tobacco, alcohol, or drugs to any
    student, or

33
Unethical Conduct with Students Includes
  • failing to prevent the use of alcohol or
    illegal/unauthorized drugs by students who are
    under the educators supervision (including but
    not limited to at the educators residence or any
    other private setting).

34
Standard 3
  • Alcohol or Drugs

35
Standard 3
An educator shall refrain from the use of alcohol
or illegal or unauthorized drugs during the
course of professional practice.
36
Drugs
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • being on school premises or at a school-related
    activity while under the influence of,
    possessing, using, or consuming illegal or
    unauthorized drugs

37
Illegal and Unauthorized Drugs are Always Illegal
and Unauthorized.
38
Alcohol
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • being on school premises or at a school-related
    activity involving students while under the
    influence of, possessing, or consuming alcoholic
    beverages.

39
  • 20-2-984.1. The code of ethics shall be
    limited to professional performance and
    professional ethics.  

40
Georgia's Legal Definitions for "Under the
Influence"
  • An alcohol concentration of 0.08 grams or more at
    any time within three hours.
  • Driving - O.C.G.A. 40-6-391 and Discharging
    Firearm - O.C.G.A. 16-11-134
  • An alcohol concentration of 0.10 grams or more at
    any time within three hours.
  • Operation of Watercraft - O.C.G.A. 52-7-12 and
    Hunting - O.C.G.A. 27-3-7
  • 0.04 percent or more by weight of alcohol in a
    person's blood, breath, or urine.
  • Driving a Commercial Vehicle - O.C.G.A. 40-6-391

41
Georgia's Legal Definitions for "NOT Under the
Influence"
  • If there was a blood alcohol concentration of
    0.05 grams or less, it shall be presumed that the
    person was not under the influence of alcohol.
  • O.C.G.A. 40-6-392 Driving
  • O.C.G.A. 52-7-12. Operation of Watercraft
  • O.C.G.A. 27-3-7 Hunting

42
Possession
  • Possession of a CONTAINER of alcoholic beverage
    (not in the blood stream).
  • DO NOT DISCARD the evidence!

43
Standard 4
  • Honesty

44
Standard 4
An educator shall exemplify honesty and integrity
in the course of professional practice.
45
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • professional qualifications, criminal history,
    college or staff development credit and/or
    degrees, academic award, and employment history
  • information submitted to federal, state, local
    school districts and other governmental agencies
  • information regarding the evaluation of students
    and/or personnel
  • reasons for absences or leaves
  • information submitted in the course of an
    official inquiry/investigation and

46
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • 6. information submitted in the course of
    professional practice.

47
SickLeave
48
SICK AND PERSONAL LEAVE
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-850.
  • Personnel may utilize sick leave upon the
    approval of the local school superintendent or an
    appointed designee for absence due to illness or
    injury or necessitated by exposure to contagious
    disease or to illness or death in the immediate
    family

49
SICK AND PERSONAL LEAVE
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-851.
  • During any school year, personnel may utilize up
    to a maximum of three days of any accumulated
    sick leave for the purpose of absenting
    themselves from their duties for personal or
    professional reasons if prior approval of their
    absence is given by the local school
    superintendent or his authorized representative
    provided, however, that the absence is not in
    conflict with a local board of education policy
    concerning school days on which the presence of
    the personnel requesting absence is essential for
    effective school operation

50
SICK AND PERSONAL LEAVE
  • FTE Funding for
  • Sick and Personal Leave
  • 8 days are funded at 18.75 per day for each
    teacher on the FTE report.
  • No sick leave funding is included for other
    positions.
  • 8 days _at_ 18.75 per day 150.00

51
ChangingGrades
52
  • Grade Integrity Act O.C.G.A. 20-2-989.20
  • (a) No classroom teacher shall be required,
    coerced, intimidated, or disciplined in any
    manner by the local board of education,
    superintendent, or any local school administrator
    to change the grade of a student. This subsection
    shall not apply when a teacher has failed to
    comply with grading policies or rules adopted by
    the local board of education or written
    procedures established by an individual school
    that are applicable to the grading process,
    unless such policy, rule, or procedure would
    require a student be given a grade different than
    the actual grade achieved.

53
  • Grade Integrity Act O.C.G.A. 20-2-989.20
  • (b) Nothing in this Code section shall be
    construed to prevent a principal or other local
    school administrator from discussing the grade of
    a student with a classroom teacher.
  • (c) Nothing in this Code section shall be
    construed to prevent a central office
    administrator, superintendent, or local school
    administrator from changing a student's grade.
    Any grade change made by a person other than the
    classroom teacher must be clearly indicated in
    the student's school records and must indicate
    the person responsible for making such grade
    change.

54
  • Grade Integrity Act O.C.G.A. 20-2-989.20
  • Violation of the above law would be grounds for a
    suspension. The administrator should inform any
    teacher whose grades were changed, should
    document, in the students file, the reasons and
    the justification for the grade change.

55
  • Posting Student Grades Under the Name of Another
    Teacher
  • In order to meet NCLB/AYP requirements, some
    administrators are posting student grades under
    the name of teachers who do not provide the
    primary or direct instruction to students. This
    is clearly a violation of the HONESTY and
    Public Funds and Property Standards of the
    Georgia Code of Ethics for Educators.

56
Standard 5
  • Public Funds Property

57
Standard 5
An educator entrusted with public funds and
property shall honor that trust with a high level
of honesty, accuracy, and responsibility.
58
Public Funds Property
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • misusing public or school-related funds
  • failing to account for funds collected from
    students or parents
  • submitting fraudulent requests or documentation
    for reimbursement of expenses or for pay
  • co-mingling public or school-related funds with
    personal funds or checking accounts and
  • using school property without the approval of the
    local board of education/governing board or
    authorized designee.

59
Booster Clubs Coaches or Music Directors
60
  • I. If the Booster Club is operating as a 501c3
    non-profit corporation, has its own Tax
    Identification Number and is registered and
    approved with the IRS as a non-profit
  • A. Treatment of Perks and Benefits to Educators
    - The Booster Club is responsible for all record
    keeping and tax notification and the Educator is
    responsible for reporting the additional income
    on their tax return. This would include the use
    of any vehicle owned or leased by the Booster
    Club.
  • B. Camp Income to Coaches - If the Educator is
    conducting a camp and the funds are run through
    the Booster Club, the same conditions as above
    would apply.
  • Notegt If a Booster Club is operating as a true
    501c3 non-profit and they file a tax return, that
    return is open for public inspection and you can
    request a copy of the return from the
    organization. Superintendents should require that
    Booster Clubs submit a copy of this form each
    year to verify compliance. A copy of this report
    in the file clears the superintendent of
    responsibility for actions of the club if illegal
    actions are reported.

61
  • II. If the Booster Club has not filed as a
    non-profit or has filed as a non-profit, but is
    using the School Systems Tax Identification
    Number
  • A. Treatment of Perks and Benefits to Educators
    - All liability for record keeping, tax reporting
    and 1099 Misc reporting to Educators falls on the
    School System. The Educator is still responsible
    for his or her own taxes, but it is the
    responsibility of the school system to perform
    all the record keeping and tax reporting.
  • B. Camp Income to Educators - If the coaches are
    running the camp income through the Booster Club
    (i.e. using their checking account) and they are
    operating under the School Systems Tax
    identification Number, all record keeping and tax
    reporting falls under the School System.
  • Notegt If Booster Clubs are not operating as a
    true 501c3 non-profit organization, it is the
    responsibility of the superintendent to assure
    that the school system is performing all record
    keeping and tax reporting functions.

62
  • If an Educator is operating a camp and the income
    is run through his/her personal checking account,
    all liability for income tax reporting falls on
    the Educator.
  • The Educator must have system approval for camps
    or lessons involving school facilities, equipment
    or students in the educators classes or school.

63
Standard 6
  • Remunerative Conduct

64
Standard 6
An educator shall maintain integrity with
students, colleagues, parents, patrons, or
businesses when accepting gifts, gratuities,
favors, and additional compensation.
65
Remunerative Conduct
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • soliciting students or parents of students to
    purchase equipment, supplies, or services from
    the educator or to participate in activities that
    financially benefit the educator unless approved
    by the local board of education/governing board
    or authorized designee
  • accepting gifts from vendors or potential vendors
    for personal use or gain where there may be the
    appearance of a conflict of interest
  • tutoring students assigned to the educator for
    remuneration unless approved by the local board
    of education/governing board or superintendent or
    authorized designee and
  • coaching, instructing, promoting athletic camps,
    summer leagues, etc. that involves students in an
    educators school system and from whom the
    educator receives remuneration unless approved by
    the local board of education/governing board or
    the superintendent authorized designee. These
    types of activities must be in compliance with
    all rules and regulations of the Georgia High
    School Association.

66
Standard 7
  • Confidential Information

67
Standard 7
An educator shall comply with state and federal
laws and state school board policies relating to
the confidentiality of student and personnel
records, standardized test material and other
information.
68
Confidential Information
  • Annual performance evaluation records of school
    personnel
  • Health services provided to an insured
  • Identifiable individual student performance data,
    information and reports
  • School records of students with disabilities
  • A student's education record

69
Standard 8
  • Abandonment of Contract

70
Standard 8
An educator shall fulfill all of the terms and
obligations detailed in the contract with the
local board of education or education agency for
the duration of the contract.
71
Abandonment of Contract
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • abandoning the contract for professional services
    without prior release from the contract by the
    employer, and
  • willfully refusing to perform the services
    required by a contract.

72
Clearance Guidelines for Abandonment of Contract
Cases The Educator submitted a letter of
resignation on or before May 1 proceeding the
contract year or by June 1, 2009 for school year
2009-2010 only. Proposed Extension
73
Clearance Guidelines for Abandonment of Contract
Cases The Educator resigns during the contract
year for one of the following reasons and works
with the school system to facilitate a smooth
transition of professional duties
  • Documented personal health problems or family
    medical problems that require the educators full
    time care and attention
  • A family situation that requires a move out of
    reasonable commuting distance of the contracted
    position.
  • A documented spousal transfer and relocation out
    of reasonable commuting distance of the
    contracted position.
  • A documented promotion within the field of
    education.
  • The school system was forced to reduce the
    educators salary due to documented loss of
    financial support caused by an unexpected
    economic downturn (including state requested
    furloughs).

74
Clearance Guidelines for Abandonment of Contract
Cases The Educator/Administrator was forced to
recommend that the local board of education
reduce the salaries of educators in the system
due to documented loss of financial support
caused by an unexpected economic downturn
(including state requested furloughs), and the
Educator/Administrator works with educators
seeking release from their contract to facilitate
a smooth and timely transition of professional
duties.
75
Standard 9
  • Required Reports

76
Standard 9
An educator shall file reports of a breach of one
or more of the standards in the Code of Ethics
for Educators, child abuse, or any other required
report.
77
Required Reports
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • failure to report all requested information on
    documents required by the Commission when
    applying for or renewing any certificate with the
    Commission.
  • failure to make a required report of a violation
    of one or more standards of the Code of Ethics
    for educators of which they have personal
    knowledge as soon as possible but no later than
    ninety (90) days from the date the educator
    became aware of an alleged breach unless the law
    or local procedures require reporting sooner.
    and
  • failure to make a required report of any
    violation of state or federal law soon as
    possible but no later than ninety (90) days from
    the date the educator became aware of an alleged
    breach unless the law or local procedures require
    reporting sooner. These reports include but are
    not limited to murder, voluntary manslaughter,
    aggravated assault, aggravated battery,
    kidnapping, any sexual offense, any sexual
    exploitation of a minor, any offense involving a
    controlled substance and any abuse of a child if
    an educator has reasonable cause to believe that
    a child has been abused.

78
UnsatisfactoryEvaluations
79
(No Transcript)
80
(No Transcript)
81
Standard 10
  • Professional Conduct

82
Standard 10
An educator shall demonstrate conduct that
follows generally recognized professional
standards and preserves the dignity and integrity
of the teaching profession.
83
Professional Conduct
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • any conduct that impairs and/or diminishes the
    certificate holders ability to function
    professionally in his or her employment position,
    or
  • a pattern of behavior or conduct that is
    detrimental to the health, welfare, discipline,
    or morals of students.

84
Standard 11
  • Testing

85
Standard 11
An educator shall administer state mandated
assessments fairly and ethically.
86
Testing
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • committing any act that breaches Test Security
    and
  • compromising the integrity of the assessment.

87
Superintendents RoleThe Superintendent has
ultimate responsibility and accountability for
all testing activities within the local school
system.
  • Develops local policies and procedures based on
    Georgia Department of Education guidelines and
    test publishers directions to maintain test
    security.
  • Supervises and monitors Principals to ensure that
    they fulfill their specific roles and
    responsibilities for the administration of tests.

88
Superintendents RoleThe Superintendent has
ultimate responsibility and accountability for
all testing activities within the local school
system.
  • Ensures that all personnel involved with testing
    receive training on appropriate test
    administration, policies, and procedures
    including accommodations for each assessment
    given.
  • Informs the local Board of Education, state test
    coordinator and Professional Standards Committee
    of any breach of security by employees of the
    system.

89
The Principals Role
The principal is ultimately responsible and
accountable for all testing activities in the
school.
  • Ensures test security within the building.
  • Ensures distribution of test materials occurs
    immediately prior to testing.
  • Supervises all testing activities.
  • Ensures that all school personnel have been
    appropriately trained on test administration,
    procedures, and polices.

90
The Principals Role
The principal is ultimately responsible and
accountable for all testing activities in the
school.
  • Ensures that documented accommodations (IEP, IAP,
    TPC) have been given to only those students who
    appropriately need them.
  • Implements system and school testing policies and
    procedures to ensure all students are tested
    fairly and appropriately.
  • Reports immediately any breach of security to the
    Superintendent.

91
Other Grounds for Disciplinary Action against a
Certificate
  • 1. unethical conduct as outlined in The Code of
    Ethics for Educators, Standards 1-11
  • 2. disciplinary action against a certificate in
    another state on grounds consistent with those
    specified in the Code of Ethics for Educators
  • 3. order from a court or a request from DHR that
    a certificate be suspended or denied for
    non-payment of child support

92
Other Grounds for Disciplinary Action against a
Certificate
  • 4. notification from the GHEAC that the educator
    is in default and not in satisfactory repayment
    status on a student loan
  • 5. suspension or revocation of any professional
    license or certificate
  • 6. violation of any other laws and rules
    applicable to the profession and
  • 7. any other good and sufficient cause that
    renders an educator unfit for employment as an
    educator

93
Enforcing Sanctions
  • The superintendent and the superintendents
    designee for certification shall be responsible
    for assuring that an individual whose certificate
    has been revoked, denied, or suspended is not
    employed or serving in any capacity in their
    district. Both the superintendent and the
    superintendents designee must hold GAPSC
    certification.

94
ClearanceCertificates
95
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-211.1.(a) As used in this Code
    section, the term
  • (1) 'Clearance certificate' means a certificate
    issued by the Professional Standards Commission
    that verifies that an educator has completed
    fingerprint and criminal background check
    requirements as specified in this Code section
    and that the individual does not have a
    certificate that is currently revoked or
    suspended in Georgia or any other state

96
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-211.1.(a) As used in this Code
    section, the term
  • (1) provided, however, that additional
    fingerprinting shall not be required for renewal
    of a clearance certificate or for educators who
    possess a professional educator certificate as of
    January 1, 2011. A clearance certificate shall be
    a renewable certificate valid for five years.
    Clearance certificates shall be subject to fees
    in accordance with subsection (e) of Code Section
    20-2-200.

97
  • (b)(1) On and after January 1, 2011, all
    educators employed by a local unit of
    administration shall hold a valid clearance
    certificate provided, however, that an educator
    who possesses a professional educator certificate
    as of January 1, 2011, shall not be required to
    obtain a clearance certificate until his or her
    professional educator certificate is up for
    renewal.

98
  • (2) Any other Code sections to the contrary
    notwithstanding, educators holding a valid
    clearance certificate shall be subject to the
    code of ethics for educators as established
    pursuant to Code Section 20-2-984.1 and shall be
    subject to Code Sections 20-2-984, 20-2-984.2,
    20-2-984.3, 20-2-984.4, and 20-2-984.5.

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  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-82 (e) relating to contract terms
    for local school systems requesting flexibility,
    as follows The state board shall not be
    authorized to waive or approve variances on any
    federal, state, and local rules, regulations,
    court orders, and statutes relating to the
    protection of the physical health and safety of
    school students or the requirements of Code
    Section 20-2-211.1."
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-244, relating to waivers to
    improve student performance, as follows (b) The
    State Board of Education is not authorized to
    waive any federal, state, and local rules,
    regulations, court orders, and statutes relating
    to the protection of the physical health and
    safety of school students or the requirements of
    Code Section 20-2-211.1.
  • O.C.G.A. 20-2-2065 (b) the local board and
    state board shall ensure that a charter school,
    or for charter systems, each school within the
    system, shall be (12) Subject to the provisions
    of Code Section 20-2-211.1 relating to
    fingerprint and criminal background checks."

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