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Maps and Globes

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Oceans and Continents Can you name them? Label them on your map North America South America Africa Europe Asia Australia Arctic Ocean Southern Ocean Pacific Ocean ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Maps and Globes


1
Maps and Globes
2
Bell Ringer
  • If you could live anywhere in the world where
    would you live? What continent is that place on?
    What ocean is that near?

3
Objective
  • As a global citizen I can identify components of
    a map and draw conclusions about the world.

4
Vocabulary
  • Continents
  • Oceans
  • Compass Rose
  • Map Key
  • Scale
  • Latitude Lines
  • Longitude Lines

5
Oceans and Continents
  • Ocean
  • The vast body of salt water that covers almost
    three fourths of the earth's surface
  • Continent
  • One of the main landmasses of the earth. There
    are 7.

6
Oceans and Continents
  • Can you name them?

7
Arctic Ocean
Europe
Asia
North America
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Africa
Pacific Ocean
South America
Australia
Southern Ocean
  • Label them on your map

8
Brain Pop
  • http//www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/geography/ma
    pskills/

9
Parts of a Map
  • Compass Rose A symbol that tells you where the
    cardinal- north, south, east, and west- are
    positioned

Fill out your compass rose
10
Parts of a Map
  • Map Key Explains the lines, symbols, and colors
    used on a map

11
Parts of a Map
  • Scale A measuring line that helps you figure out
    distance on the map

On page GH8, what is the scale on that map? -
Distance from
12
Measuring scale and using compass rose
  • LA to Austin- I do
  • LA to Seattle- We do
  • Seattle to Austin- You do

13
Globes-Hemispheres
  • To better locate a place on Earth Geographers use
    a system of imaginary lines the crisscross the
    globe. Like an X/Y graph.
  • The equator, a Latitudinal line, circles the
    middle of the Earth.
  • Everything North of the Equator is in the
    Northern Hemisphere.
  • Everything south of the equator is in the
    Southern hemisphere.

14
Equator
15
Globes-Hemispheres cont.
  • Another imaginary line runs from north to south.
  • This line of 0 Longitude is called the Prime
    Meridian.
  • Everything east of the Prime Meridian for 180
    degrees is the Eastern hemisphere.
  • Everything west of the Prime Meridian for 180
    degrees is the Western hemisphere.

16
Prime Meridian
17
Latitude and Longitude
  • Lines of latitude and longitude form a grid
    system of lines that help locate places on Earth.
  • Latitudinal lines, like the equator, circle the
    Earth and measure the distance North or South.
    (Latitude is Flatitude!)
  • Longitudinal lines, like the Prime Meridian,
    circle the Earth from pole to pole and measure
    how far East or West. (Longitude is Long-gitude)

18
East, West, North, South on the Earth
  • The N tells us were in the northern hemisphere.
  • The S tells us were in the southern hemisphere.
  • The E tells us that were east of the Prime
    Meridian in the eastern hemisphere.
  • The W tells us that were west of the Prime
    Meridian in the western hemisphere.

(N, W)
(N, E)
(S, W)
(S, E)
19
What is Latitude?
  • Latitude is the distance from the equator
    along the Y axis.
  • All points along the equator have a value of 0
    degrees latitude.
  • North pole 90N
  • South pole 90S
  • Values are expressed in terms of degrees.

90N
Y
X
90S
20
What is Longitude?
  • Longitude is the distance from the prime meridian
    along the X axis.
  • All points along the prime meridian have a value
    of 0 degrees longitude.
  • The earth is divided into two parts,
    or hemispheres, of east and west longitude.

Y
X
180W
180E
21
What is Longitude?
  • The earth is divided into 360 equal slices
    (meridians)
  • 180 west and 180 east of the prime meridian

Y
X
180W
180E
22
So Where is (0,0)?
  • The origin point (0,0) is where the equator
    intersects the prime meridian.
  • (0,0) is off the western coast of Africa in the
    Atlantic Ocean.

23
See If You Can Tell In Which Quarter These
Lon/Lats Are Located
  • 1. 41N, 21E
  • 2. 37N, 76W
  • 3. 72S, 141W
  • 4. 7S, 23W

A
B
D
C
24
Let's See How You Did!
  • 1. B
  • 2. A
  • 3. C
  • 4. C

25
Absolute location
  • The grid system formed by latitude and longitude
    makes it possible to find the exact location of a
    place. Only one place can be found at one point
    where a line of latitude crosses a line of
    longitude. By using degrees and minutes (points
    between the degrees) people can pinpoint the
    precise spot the lines cross

26
Brain Pop
  • http//www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/geography/la
    titudeandlongitude/preview.weml

27
Latitude and Longitude worksheet
  • Independently or with a partner work on questions
    3-7 of your worksheet. You have already done
    questions 1

28
EXIT TICKET
  • Think back to the place you chose on your bell
    ringer, based on what have learned tell me more
    about the place you chose. What hemisphere is it
    in? According to the compass rose what direction
    is it from Tennessee? What oceans and continents
    is it near?
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