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Human resource management training for post-harvest management and value addition products

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Title: Human resource management training for post-harvest management and value addition products


1
Human resource management training for
post-harvest management and value addition
products
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2
Introduction
  • Human Resource Management (HRM, HR) is the
    management of an organization's employees.
  • While human resource management is sometimes
    referred to as a "soft" management skill,
    effective practice within an organization
    requires a strategic focus to ensure that people
    resources can facilitate the achievement of
    organizational goals.

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  • Training on Post-Harvest Technologies
  • The Basics of Postharvest Technology
  • The three main objectives of applying postharvest
    technology to harvested products are
  • 1.To maintain quality (appearance, texture,
    flavor and nutritive value)
  • 2 .To protect food safety, and
  • 3.To reduce losses (both physical and in market
    value) between harvest and consumption.

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Postharvest Technology
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  • Temperature and Relative Humidity Control
  • Fruits, vegetables and cut flowers are living,
    respiring tissues separated from their parent
    plant.
  • Keeping products at their lowest safe
    temperature (0 C or 32 F for temperate crops or
    10-12C or 50-54 F for chilling sensitive crops)
    will increase storage life by lowering
    respiration rate, decreasing sensitivity to
    ethylene gas and reducing water loss.

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  • Storage practices

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  • Storage of horticultural crops
  • The lot of produce must not contain damaged or
    diseased units, and containers must be well
    ventilated and strong enough to withstand
    stacking.
  • In general proper storage practices include
    temperature control, relative humidity control,
    air circulation and maintenance of space between
    containers for adequate ventilation, and avoiding
    incompatible product mixes.

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  • Value Addition
  • Value added refers to the additional value
    created at a particular stage of production or
    through image and marketing.
  • Value added agriculture is a process of
    increasing the economic value and consumer appeal
    of an agricultural commodity.
  • It is an alternative production and
    marketing strategy that requires a better
    understanding of the rapidly changing food
    industry and food safety issues, consumer
    preference and effective management.

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  • Public sector organizations involved in the
    postharvest management of horticultural crops
  • 1.National Horticulture Board (NHB)
  • 2.Agricultural and Processed Food
    Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)
  • 3.National Dairy Development Board
    (NDDB)
  • 4.National Cooperative Development
    Corporation (NCDC)
  • 5.Ministry of Food Processing Industries
    (MFPI)
  • 6.National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)
  • 7. Indian Council for Agricultural
    Research (ICAR)
  • 8.National Bank for Agriculture and
    Rural Development
  • 9. Commodity Boards - Spice, Coffee,
    Coconut, Agmark, etc

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  • Strategies Needed by Scientists
  • Application of conventional and biotechnological
    processes to the development of improved
    varieties having high production potential with
    high quality attributes and resistance to biotic
    and abiotic stresses
  • Research into mechanization of the
    processing of unexploited indigenous as well as
    exotic crop species.
  • Development of economical methods of
    monitoring temperature and relative humidity in
    CA/MA/MAP/Low pressure storage Technological
    improvement of the minimal processing of fresh
    produce.

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  • Strategies Needed by Growers
  • Adaptation of the technique of high density
    planting in order to increase productivity and
    quality, for crops such as mango, pineapple,
    banana, tomatoes, onion, potatoes, etc.
  • Efficient land and input use programs arid
    cultivation, fertigation, water harvesting
  • Mechanization of efficient harvesting
    techniques particularly for large orchards and
    plantations.
  • Knowledge on postharvest biology of the
    produce.

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Strategies Needed by Industries
  • Technologies, industrial plants and machinery
    must be designed to suit the processing
    requirements of available raw materials at
    specific locations
  • Facilitate industrialization in production
    centres.
  • Industry should make provision for
    guaranteeing stable prices to horticulturalists
    and reliable supplies must be provided at a
    reasonable price to the consumer
  • Improvement of low cost appropriate
    packaging material
  • Focus on the utilization of the wastage from the
    processing industry as by products.

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Let us sum up
  • Postharvest management and technology adoption is
    a continuous uninterrupted active process
    undertaken by a chain of researchers, extension
    workers, growers and end users.
  • Consideration must therefore be given to the
    following by planners, administrators and other
    concerned Encourage the corporate sector to
    undertake contract farming of crops to keep away
    multiple intermediaries between grower and
    processor
  • Replicate the Safal market of Bangalore in other
    locations of the country to achieve backward,
    forward and terminal marketing of produce
  • Establish farm level zero energy cool chambers
    and expand the use of cold chains for transport
    and storage Introduce private and corporate
    entrepreneurs in sharing investment in the
    establishment of efficient marketing systems
  • Create an on-line marketing information system
    Increase the number of AEZ/SEZ for export
    oriented crops like mango, banana, grapes,
    pomegranate, gherkins, onion, potato etc., in the
    country. Including small and marginal farmers who
    lack market power for merchandising their
    produce
  • Training of farmers through institutions,
    universities, NGOs and Government agencies on
    Field Assessment of Quality (FAQ) crops for
    export. Integration of horticulture with agro
    rural tourism.

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