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Towards smart cities

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Towards smart cities Dr. Serge DRUAIS * * * * * * * * * * Agenda You have said smart Cities? Moving to a new architecture Thales activities in the field MAESTRO ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Towards smart cities


1
  • Towards smart cities
  • Dr. Serge DRUAIS

2
Agenda
  • You have said smart Cities?
  • Moving to a new architecture
  • Thales activities in the field
  • MAESTRO Extended Supervision
  • The vision we pursue is a city where citizens
    feel comfortable living their life, moving,
    communicating, making use of services from
    everywhere (home, travelling, mobile,) and
    contributing themselves to the city welfare.

Dongtan, China
Smart City
3
Smart city 2020
Our cities are fast transforming into artificial
ecosystems of interconnected, interdependent
intelligent digital organisms
  • Emerging technologies (ICT) are poised to
    reshape our urban environments William J.
    Mitchell (MIT, smart city Lab)
  • Our cities are fast transforming into
    artificial ecosystems of interconnected,
    interdependent intelligent digital organisms.
    This is the fundamentally new technological
    condition confronting architects and product
    designers in the twenty-first century.

4
Helsinki Smart City City 2.0
  • We are going to need new ways to address and to
    solve global problems, but our connectivity will
    bring us tools unimaginable even just a few years
    ago.
  • Our challenge, our generation's unique challenge,
    is learning to live peacefully and sustainably in
    an extraordinarily crowded world.

5
Shanghai Hongqiao Transportation Hub
  • Future biggest multi modal transportation Hub of
    China (and Asia)

6
Smart city Main functional Architecture
The smart city is the Information communication
Infrastructure
  • e-Tourism web 2.0 approach
  • User Generated Contents
  • Context Awareness Info Push
  • Energy Management
  • E-learning
  • Knowledge Management
  • Role gaming

E-learning
Tourism Ambient Energy
Homeland Security
  • Video surveillance
  • Sensor networks integration
  • Video semantic capabilities

Smart City
  • Traffic information
  • Fleet management
  • Access Control
  • Road Charging
  • Emergency Call
  • Mobile Payments
  • Parking Management
  • Pay As You Drive
  • City Logistics
  • Vehicle Tracking
  • Work Force Managem.
  • Electronic Patient Record
  • Therapy management
  • Biomedical parameters monitoring
  • Second Opinion Management
  • Pharmaceutical risk mgmt

Intelligent Transportation Systems
e-Health
WSN Management platform
  • ICT platform for Wireless Sensor Networks
    management and control

7
Smart City Main challenges
  • Smart cities
  • Extended communication (Home, travels, WIFI,
    G3.) for users and city operators
  • Mobility (Public Transport and virtual
    collaboration)
  • Transportation
  • Intelligence Transportation systems
  • Inter modality new added value services for
    users (attractively)
  • Environment
  • Energy saving C02 reduction
  • Impact on systems (Physical and IT)
  • Exchange of data
  • Open Architecture (platform)
  • Interoperability
  • Extended supervision capabilities
  • Complexity management

8
Some basic definitions
  • Interoperability
  • Functional ability of two or more systems to
    interact or to be used easily or automatically in
    combination with each other
  • A needed quality in the ICT-embedded industries
  • Provides connectivity between hardware or
    software and between entities (government/business
    /citizens)
  • Increases flexibility and agility, reduces costs
    and implementation time
  • Open Standard
  • Specifications describing program or device
    characteristics, available to the technical
    community and vetted through open process like
    W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), OASIS
    (Organization for the Advancement of Structured
    Information Standards) WS-I (Web
    Services-Interoperability Organization), OMG

9
Today Business goals through ICT
  • Increasing collaboration within and among
    enterprises and governmental bodies during their
    entire product and service provision life cycle
    is a global trend.
  • Most of these organizations are transforming
    themselves into "networked organizations".
  • These new collaboration concepts are especially
    relevant for SMEs.
  • Related IT systems and applications need to be
    interoperable in order to achieve seamless
    interaction across organizational boundaries and
    thus realize networked organizations.

10
Your ICT systems cartography
The challenge...
11
THALES ICT policy Towards Open System
  • Open Systems
  • Ensure flexibility Interoperability
  • Avoid vendor lock-in / Drive cost
    effectiveness
  • Ensure future access to information
  • Maximize freedom of action
  • Open standards
  • Promoting interoperability by using
    open published specifications for API's,
    protocols and data and file formats
  • Open architecture
  • Building loosely coupled, flexible
    reconfigurable solutions
  • Open Source Software
  • Promotes standards
  • Leverages community development and collaborative
    innovation

12
Implement open systems principles
Application SW
Tools
Workbench
Process
Application SW
Process
C
C
C
TUP
Domain Middleware
Middleware
Platform
Platform
Platform
No Middleware No separation between Applicative
and technical software
Middleware Provide technical services to
enforce technical software reuse
Framework Tooled-Up Process Domain Middleware
enforcing Reusable Domain component
Domain Middleware
1997
C
C
C
TUP
Third Party components
2007
Domain Middleware
Open Middleware
Platform
Open Architecture Platform
13
Thales Civil Supervision Activities
Integrated Communication and Supervision Systems
for Transport
  • Urban transport (metro, trams, Automated People
    Movers)
  • Main Line Rail
  • Tunnels, Car parks

Critical Infrastructures Protection
  • Buildings (Museums, airports, industrial plants,
    )
  • Oil Gas plants
  • City centres (urban safety)

Energy Transportation
  • Oil Gas transportation
  • Electricity transportation
  • Water distribution

14
Todays Architectures of Supervision Systems
  • Highly modular ? Modifying any module does not
    impact the others
  • No integrated MMI ? Human based global situation
    awareness
  • Solution based on various protocols
  • Many servers needed

15
Todays Limitations of Supervision Systems
Complex lifecycle management of the system
  • Silo architecture many different applications
    to maintain and many interfaces to manage
  • Super-SCADA high risk of regression due to the
    complexity of the software.

Lack of decision support when alarms occur
  • Manual actions required to follow paper
    procedures
  • Risk of not following correctly the procedure,
    problems of coordination between operators,

Operators training not realistic enough
  • The simulation does not enable to simulate
    complex incidents

16
M.A.E.S.TR.O Main Objectives
Provide a system both modular and integrated
  • Integrate any application (Thales, legacy or 3rd
    party applications) and control them by an
    integrated MMI
  • Easily replace any application without impacting
    the others
  • Modify interfaces between the applications
    without modifying the applications themselves
  • Provide as much as possible automated system
    response in case of specific incidents

Provide Training Simulation Capabilities
  • Take benefits of Thales expertise in Training
    Simulation for transport, energy, and military
    domains (3D synthetic environment, human
    behaviour modelling, operational supervisory
    training, exercise definition development,)

Modular Architecture for Energy Security and
TRansport Operators
17
Innovative Modular Architecture
Integrated Web MMI
SCADA
ATS
Ticketing
Public Information
Access Control
Video Management
Voice Data
18
Thales, legacy, 3rd party sub-systems integration
  • MAESTRO architecture allows to integrate ANY 3rd
    party application, thanks to any API (Application
    Programming Interface) or interface description
    (any protocol)

MAESTRO SOA Framework
Existing SOA connector
SOA connector to be developed
Thales application
SOA connector to be developed
Specific protocol
API
3rd Party application
3rd Party application
3rd party applications SOA connectors can be
developed either by Thales or the application
supplier
Thales applications include SOA connectors
19
Services Orchestration
Integrated Web MMI
MAESTRO SOA Framework
SOA connector
SOA connector
SOA connector
SOA connector
SOA connector
SOA connector
SOA connector
SCADA
ATS
Ticketing
Public Information
Access Control
Video Management
Voice Data
The Business Process is defined in the SOA
Framework and can evolve easily without
impacting any of the applications
20
MAESTRO Integrated MMI
Ergonomics optimized following a dedicated study
21
Training Simulation
Objectives
  • Train efficiently the Supervision operators,
    especially to crisis situations
  • Assess the procedures efficiency
  • Support Customer in defining relevant means
    procedures (position of the CCTV, need of
    escalators, train timetables, etc.)
  • through a very realistic synthetic environment

Equipment simulation (eg train mouvement)
Threat simulation (fire)
Technical Solution
  • Equipment simulation models interacting with each
    other. Models can be controlled by an instructor
  • 3D modelling of the infrastructure and CCTV
    modelling
  • Human behaviour modelling based on Artificial
    Intelligence
  • Advanced training functions
  • Enhanced reality integrating real-time data in
    the synthetic world

Models interactions
Peoples model
3D model, as seen from a simulated CCTV
22
  • Merci Thanks ?? Serge DRUAIS
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