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The National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Framework is a collaborative initiative to develop geographic datasets that are compatible based upon spatial location and content. The Framework approach allows data collected for variety of reasons and

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Title: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Framework is a collaborative initiative to develop geographic datasets that are compatible based upon spatial location and content. The Framework approach allows data collected for variety of reasons and


1
Framework Data Content - Hydrography
Related Topics
NSDI Training Tracks An initiative to define
areas, topics, and materials for
training within the NSDI. ISO 19100 Series
Suite of standards developed for geographic
data and datasets. The most notable is ISO
19135 which pertains to metadata. ANSI
Standards Similar work to ISO, but
standards directly apply to data created
within the United States.
Course Information
The National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)
Framework is a collaborative initiative to
develop geographic datasets that are compatible
based upon spatial location and content. The
Framework approach allows data collected for
variety of reasons and agencies to work together
seamlessly which can ultimately reduce project
costs and increase interagency cooperation. The
Framework Data Content Base Standards Suite
dictates the requirements for Framework
data. This course covers the fundamentals of the
Framework Data Theme Hydrography as developed by
the Framework Data Content Standard. It is
designed for users who are both interested in an
overview of the Framework Data Content Standard
Hydrography theme as well as designers and
developers implementing Framework data, and
associated tools.
Prerequisites
  • General Understanding of GIS, Geospatial Data
    and Metadata
  • Familiarity with the FGDC and NSDI
  • Basic knowledge of Geographic Data Standards
    (specifically ISO 19100 series)
  • Completion of Framework Data Content Base
    Standard Course

2
Navigating Through the Course
Explanation of Navigation Buttons
3
Learning Objectives
Understand what hydrography really is Comprehend
basics of hydrography framework
standard Understand how to implement the
standard
Course modules
  • Understanding Hydrography
  • Hydrography (Part 6) of the Framework Data
    Content Standard
  • Implementing the Hydrography Component
  • Course Review and Comprehensive Self-Test

Estimated Time
Estimated time for the entire course is 150
minutes.
4
Module 1 Understanding Hydrography
Time Requirement
Topics
  • What is Hydrography
  • Types of Hydrography
  • Hydrography in Action
  • Module Exercise and Summary

Estimated time for this module is 30 minutes
Key Terms
Hydrography Framework NSDI/FGDC
First Topic
What is Hydrography
5
What is HydroGraphy
Related scientific field
Hydrology The scientific study of the waters of
the earth, especially with relation to the
effects of precipitation and evaporation upon the
occurrence and character of water in streams,
lakes, and on or below the land surface. In terms
of the hydrologic cycle, the scope of hydrology
may be defined as that portion of the cycle from
precipitation to re-evaporation or return to the
water of the seas. Applied hydrology utilizes
scientific findings to predict rates and amounts
of runoff (river-forecasting), estimate required
spillway and reservoir capacities, study
soil-water-plant relationships in agriculture,
estimate available water supply, and for other
applications necessary to the management of water
resources.
The study of waters (including oceans, lakes, and
rivers) embracing either (a) their physical
characteristics, from the standpoint of the
oceanographer or limnologist or (b) the elements
affecting safe navigation, from the point of view
of the mariner. Hydrographic data is a comprised
of data that contains information about surface
water features such as lakes, ponds, streams,
rivers, springs and wells. This data is often
collected in various forms, including remote
sensing, field work, and interpolation. This
data, can be developed or converted to digital
spatial datasets which can be used with
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for a
variety of purposes. The National Hydrography
Dataset (NHD) is one such dataset examples from
the NHD will be used throughout this course to
help illustrate Hydrography and the Hydrography
Framework Standard.
next Topic
Types of Hydrography
6
Types of Hydrography
What is the NHD?
The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a
comprehensive set of digital spatial data that
encodes information about naturally occurring and
constructed bodies of water, paths through which
water flows, and related entities.
In general terms hydrography is defined as the
study of water thus it stands to reason that
hydrography data is usually a water source.
Clearly rivers and lakes fall within this
category but so do pipelines, canals, swamps,
and reservoirs. In fact there are 53 different
types of hydrographic data referenced by the NHD.
Thus it is key to express hydrographic data in
various formats points, lines, and polygon
vector data. Additionally the data needs to
include the appropriate attribute information to
give a user a true indication of what is data is
being represented.
Are the NHD and Framework the Same?
Although this question seems simple enough, the
answer is somewhat more difficult to answer. In
reality the NHD is a nationwide dataset that
represents hydrographic data based on a specific
set of rules or data model. However this data
model is not the same data model that is outlined
in the Framework hydrology standard. Thus tools
and crosswalks will need to be developed to
convert data between the two different models.
next Topic
Hydrography in Action
7
Hydrography in action
Example
In General terms the following diagram represents
one way we can represent real hydrologic
features and use them for analysis in GIS and
other tools. The purpose of this Hydrology
Framework Standard is to provide a process by
which data is standardized and categorized to
ensure a level of consistency and
interoperability.
COMID FDATE RESOL-UTION GNIS_ID GNIS_NAME LENGHTKM REACHCODE FLOWDIR FTYPE FCODE
15970247 11/10/99 3 01599176 Deep Creek 1.120 10180004000162 1 460 46006
15970271 11/10/99 3 01599481 East Fork Medicine Bow River 5.135 10180004000098 1 460 46006
15968501 11/10/99 3 01599504 East Fork Wagonhound Creek 6.809 10180004000207 1 460 46006
15968763 11/10/99 3 01599577 Elk Creek 2.946 10180004000492 1 460 46006
15968759 11/10/99 3 01599788 Foote Creek 5.505 10180004000126 1 460 46006
17493791 11/10/99 3 01599818 Four Mile Creek 10.200 10180010000070 1 460 46006
17492497 11/10/99 3 01600626 Jimmie Creek 3.219 10180010000767 1 460 46006
15970383 11/10/99 3 01601408 Middle Fork Rock Creek 4.952 10180010000491 1 460 46006
next Topic
Hydrography Exercise
8
Hydrography Module 1 exercise
EPA Surf your Watershed
The EPA Surf Your Watershed website allows a user
to locate, use, and share environmental
information about your state and watershed. This
website is an application that takes existing
hydrography data (watershed boundaries created by
the NHD) and uses them as a spatial reference for
environmental issues which occur in the delimited
area.
Hydrography in action
Hydrography data that meets Framework
specifications is being applied and used in real
world projects by many different agencies. As we
have discussed the National Hydrography Dataset
is one such example. Now that you have some
basic hydrography knowledge lets see some a
hydrography data set in action. Step 1) Open
an Internet Browser and proceed to
http//cfpub1.epa.gov/surf/locate/index.cfm Step
2) Find the Locate by geographic unit link and
type in your local zip code and click submit
Step 3) Choose and click on HUC (watershed
boundary code) of interest Step 4) Explore the
resources available about the watershed as well
as the other features that comprise the Surf Your
Watershed website Step 5) Close all Internet
windows and proceed with the course
next Topic
Module Summary
9
Module Summary
Understanding hydrography
  • Hydrography is the study of waters
  • Hydrography data, i.e. NHD, is a representation
    of real-world water features
  • Many different water features can be collected
    and mapped

next Topic
Module 2 Hydrography (Part 6) of the Framework
Data Content Standard
10
Module 2 Hydrography (Part 6) of the Framework
Data Content Standard
Time Requirement
Topics
Estimated time for this module is 20 minutes
  • What is the Hydrography Standard
  • Purpose for Standard
  • Goals of the Standard
  • Capacities of the Standard
  • Standard Related Contact Information
  • Module Exercise and Summary

Key Terms
Hydrography Framework Standard Framework Hydrograp
hic Hydrologic
11
What is the Hydrography standard
  • The Hydrography Framework Data Content Standard
  • One of the seven themes defined as Framework
    data
  • Establishes a baseline for hydrographic data
    collection and creation
  • Builds on the Framework Data Content Base
    Standard.
  • Only when a dataset meets both the requirements
    set forth in a thematic standard part(s) and
    the Framework Base Standard can it be considered
    Framework data.

12
Purpose for the Standard
Quick Facts
Each standard part was developed and edited by
thematic experts Certain themes have additional
pieces to address sub components. For example
Transportation has separate parts to address
different elements (i.e. roads, airports, etc.)
However the Hydrography standard incorporates all
hydrographic features within one standard.
The purpose of Geographic Information Framework
Data Content Standard, Part 6 Hydrography is to
establish the content requirements for the
collection and interchange of hydrography
features and to facilitate the maintenance and
use of that information by all users of
geographic information. The Hydrography part
identifies and defines terminology, encoding
schema, and the data components required for
describing hydrographic features, along with the
metadata needed for the hydrography data
exchange. This part specifies the content and its
organization necessary for the successful
interchange of hydrography data. The scope of the
Hydrography part is limited to the information
regarding surface water features and hydrographic
networks for the purpose of cartography and
network analysis and is intended to be applicable
at a variety of scales.
13
Goals for the Hydrography Standard
  • The goal of the Hydrography part of the
    Framework Data Content Standard is to provide
    common definitions and syntax to enable
    collaborative development, use, and exchange of
    hydrography data.
  • It is the intent of the part to set a common
    baseline of information content for exchange
    within the hydrographic community that will
    enhance data sharing and applications
    development when used with standards-based Web
    services or file transfer.
  • It is anticipated that multiple representations
    of hydrographic features will exist within the
    broader community. Policies have been or will be
    established for describing, maintaining, and
    exchanging the various representations of
    features within specific application
    communities, such as the NHD. This part will
    accommodate the exchange of these multiple
    representations.
  • This part supports the mapping and conversion of
    native data in any format into a common
    representation for exchange over the Web or as
    files. Encoding of hydrography data for
    transfer, based on the models in this part, is
    described in the Framework Data Content Base
    Standard.
  • The audience of this part of the standard
    includes hydrography data users, maintainers,
    and distributors. Specific guidance on the
    implementation of this part for specific user
    communities will be made through external
    guidance or policy documents.

14
Capacities for the Hydrography Standard
More Information
The goals, tasks, and accomplishments of this
standard were determined by the Hydrography
Modeling Advisory Team (MAT) a group of domain
experts convened to define a common set of
hydrography information content.
  • The development of this part of the Framework
    Data Content Standard will greatly assist in
    mitigating the following issues
  • Duplication of data and application development
  • Complications exchanging hydrography data and
    information
  • Difficulties integrating data
  • Poor framework/support for analytic activities
  • Difficulties managing multiple representations
    of features

next Topic
Contact Info
15

Who to Contact for Questions about the
Hydrography Standard Part
Standard Coordination
The FGDC is the responsible organization for
coordinating work on all parts of the Geographic
Information Framework Data Content Standard. The
development and maintenance authority for Part 6
Hydrography is held jointly by the U.S.
Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency. The FGDC shall be the sole
organization responsible for direct coordination
with the InterNational Committee for Information
Technology Standards (INCITS) concerning any
maintenance or any other requirements mandated by
INCITS or ANSI.
Federal Geographic Data Committee Secretariat c/o
U.S. Geological Survey 590 National
Center Reston, Virginia 20192 USA Telephone
(703) 648-5514 Facsimile (703) 648-5755 Internet
(electronic mail) gdc_at_fgdc.gov WWW Home Page
http//www.fgdc.gov
next Topic
Module 2 Exercise
16
Hydrography Module exercise
Instructions
The following Quiz will test the knowledge you
should have gained in Module 2. There are 3 True
or False Questions. Good Luck!
Proceed To
Quiz
17
True or False The Hydrography part identifies
and defines terminology, encoding schema, and the
data components required for describing
hydrographic features, along with the metadata
needed for the hydrography data exchange
Correct - Click anywhere to continue
Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue
Your answer
You answered this correctly!
You did not answer this question completely
You must answer the question before continuing
The correct answer is
18
True or False One goal of the standard is to
set a common baseline of information content for
exchange within the hydrographic community that
will reduce the need for data sharing and allow
users to create their own data without the need
to share with others.
Correct - Click anywhere to continue
Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue
Your answer
You answered this correctly!
You did not answer this question completely
You must answer the question before continuing
The correct answer is
19
True or False The Federal Geographic Committee
is NOT involved with these standards in anyway.
Correct - Click anywhere to continue
Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue
Your answer
You answered this correctly!
You did not answer this question completely
You must answer the question before continuing
The correct answer is
20
Module 2 Quiz



next Topic
Module Summary
21
Module summary
  • The goal of the Hydrography part of the
    Framework Data Content Standard is to provide
    common definitions and syntax to enable
    collaborative development, use, and exchange of
    hydrography data.
  • Establish the content requirements for the
    collection and interchange of hydrography
    features
  • Supports the mapping and conversion of native
    data in any format into a common representation
    for exchange over the Web or as files

next Topic
Module 3 Hydrography Requirements
22
Module 3 Hydrography Requirements
Time Requirement
Topics
Estimated time for this module is 60 minutes
  • Framework Data Content Hydrography Standard
    Requirements
  • Encoding and Implementing the Standard
  • Module Summary

Key Terms
UML Coding Elements Feature Relationships
First Topic
Hydrography Standard Requirements
23
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
In this module you will learn about the three
different requirements for Framework Hydrography
data, as specified in the standard. Each
requirement is addressed as a separate topic,
however more attention may be given to certain
requirements as they are the most crucial
requirements for creating Framework quality
hydrography data. Many of the requirements are
specific UML features. For these requirements
the a brief description of the component will be
included. Please see the UML chart and
associated tables, included as an appendix for
more specifics. Additionally encoding and
implementation will be covered briefly.
next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
24
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
The diagram to the right is the UML flow chart
for the Framework Hydrography Standard. This
diagram shows the components and relationships
that comprise the Framework Hydrography Standard.
UML is designed to show these relationships in a
generic manner without specifying a coding
language or specific software needed to complete
the task. For more information about UML visit
http//www.uml.org
next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
25
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
  • The following list is a comprehensive list of
    each UML object specified in the hydrography
    standard. Each one coresponds to a box on the
    UML diagram on the previous slide. For more
    detailed information please see the Appendices
    which have a copy of the compete standard
    including tables outlining the specifics of each
    UML object.
  • HydroCollection is the container for the
    features packaged in an exchange of hydrographic
    information.
  • HydroFeature is an abstract class that captures
    the characteristics of the hydrographic feature.
    As the core component of the model, HydroFeature
    has several significant associations to other
    classes. HydroFeature has HydroElement and
    HydroComplex subclasses.
  • HydroElement Basic hydrographic features with
    explicit geometry. HydroElement inherits all
    properties (generalizes) from the abstract parent
    class, HydroFeature.

next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
26
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
  • HydroComplex is an aggregate of HydroElement.
    The HydroComplex may impose property requirements
    onto the associated HydroElements. For example, a
    HydroComplex of Reach requires measure values
    based on the extent of the Reach, not of the
    HydroElements that make up the Reach. As an
    aggregate representation, a HydroComplex is
    retired if the HydroElements that make up the
    HydroComplex are retired. The reverse situation
    does not apply. HydroComplex inherits all
    properties from the parent abstract class,
    HydroFeature. These properties are not shown in
    the table below.
  • FeatureRelationship describes binary
    relationships between feature instances. The
    order of the elements in the relationship is
    explicit and is represented using a
    self-association in the UML model. The
    RelationshipAttribute qualifier will have
    relevance to a specific RelationshipType.
  • Event is an object supports the linking of
    external attribute information to a portion of a
    HydroFeature, either HydroElement or
    HydroComplex. Events can be of two types
    MeasuredEvent or UnmeasuredEvent. MeasuredEvents
    are those that reference portions of features
    that participate in the linear reference model.
    UnmeasuredEvents are those that reference
    portions of features that do not participate in
    the linear reference model.

next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
27
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
  • MeasuredEvent represents a point or span along a
    linear feature. In order to have MeasuredEvents,
    a linear feature must participate in the linear
    reference model. A MeasuredEvent always has a
    StartMeasure and, if it represents a span along a
    feature, it also has an EndMeasure. The measures
    specifies the exact location of the event
    relative to the addresses/measures along the
    referenced feature. A MeasuredEvent may also have
    a geometric representation (inherits location)
    which provides an independent location for the
    event. MeasureEvent inherits all properties from
    the parent class, Event.
  • UnmeasuredEvent may be linked to any feature
    that does not participate in the linear reference
    model. The referenced feature may be a
    zero-dimensional, one-dimensional, or
    two-dimensional feature and may be either an
    HydroElement or HydroComplex feature.
    UnmeasuredEvents must have a location (geometry)
    that specifies the location of the event
    independent of the geometry of the referenced
    feature. The geometry may be of point, line, or
    polygon as declared in the ElementGeometry Union
    class. UnmeasuredEvent inherits all properties
    from the parent class, Event. These properties
    are not shown in the table below.

next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
28
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
  1. Nameobject holds feature names that are managed
    by a naming authority. The authority may be a
    recognized authority such as the Board of
    Geographic Names or an un-recognized authority
    such as a local hydrography maintainer. An
    ExchangeCollection may contain names from
    different authorities. Feature names are linked
    to HydroFeatures, both HydroElement and
    HydroComplex, in a many-to-many relationship.
    This permits a given feature to have names from
    different authorities. It also permits a single
    name to be linked to HydroFeature instances that
    represent parts of a named feature.
  2. HydroFeatures, both HydroElement and
    HydroComplex, will have more than one
    representation in the hydrography community. A
    representation is one instance combination of
    feature attributes and geometry variation in
    one characteristic constitutes a new
    representation. Each HydroFeature instance within
    a given ExchangeCollection will have a single
    representation and the Representation object
    describes which representation is being
    exchanged. If the ExchangeCollection contains
    more than one representation for a given
    HydroFeature, there will be a feature instance
    (with unique identifier) for each representation
    in the ExchangeCollection.

next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
29
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
11) Measurement is used to store empirical
measurements of features such as real- world
reported elevation, length, area, and depth
typically of values portrayed on topographical
maps. HydroElement, HydroComplex, and Event
features may have one or more ReportedMeasurements
. 12) ComputedNetworkValues The National Hydro
Dataset (NHD) includes a number of computed
values for hydrographic features (HydroElements)
with basic geometries. These properties are only
calculated for features that participate in the
network for which flow direction is known or
inferred.
next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
30
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
13) Common framework classes Three classes are
shown in Figure 1 that are included from the Base
Document (Part 0) for completeness. These classes
are ExtendedAttribute, Identifier, and
ExternalResource. The ExtendedAttribute object,
described in Part 0, provides the ability to link
additional attributes to HydroFeature instances,
both HydroElement and HydroComplex. The
ExtendedAttribute must have an authority which is
documented with an authority (ISO19115Responsibl
eParty). The ExtendedAttribute may be documented
through a URL to an ExternalResource object
instance. The fuller description of this behavior
is provided in the Part 0 but the classes are
only shown here for convenience. The
ExternalResource object provides the ability to
link Internet URLs to HydroFeatures, both
HydroElement and HydroComplex, to Events, to
ISO19115ResponsibleParty, and to
ExtendedAttributes. There are a number of
different types of ExternalResources as
enumerated in the ResourceType code list.
Identifier stores a set of related properties
required for the management of information within
a namespace. The identifier, a description, and a
reference to an assigning authority are provided.
The ResponsibleParty class comes from the ISO
19115 metadata concept of the same name but is
implemented here to simplify the possible
associations and recursion in the data model.
ISO19115ResponsibleParty provides descriptive
details of an organization to which one can go
and get additional contextual information.
next Topic
Hydrography Requirements Continued
31
Framework Data Standard Hydrography Requirements
14) External packages several UML packages of
structured information are used or referenced
from ISO sources in this part of the standard.
These include geometry and linear referencing
constructs from other ISO standards (GM_Object
from ISO19107, CharacterString and Date from
ISO/TS 19103). The inclusion of these packages of
information complements the model. 15) Code
lists and enumerations the code lists presented
in Figure 2 represent known values that are
encouraged to promote interoperability. Code
lists, by their nature are not closed
enumerations and are not intended to be
exhaustive. In fact, they might be placed online
and would support controlled update by the
community. In implementation, strict validation
may include tests for the presence of these
codes, whereas lax validation may permit these
and additional code values.
next Topic
Encoding and Implementation
32
Encoding and implementation
The Bigger Picture
The Framework Standards do not have a specific
application schema that can be implemented.
Implementation of the Framework Standards in
relation to data and tool creation occurs at the
thematic level. Each thematic part complies with
the Framework Base Standard. As such a road
layer (for example) created in accordance with
the Framework Transportation Roads part meets all
Framework requirements.
  • The process of encoding is simply formatting or
    structuring data in a regulated manner. The
    Framework standards are encoded by applying the
    application schemas through the use of several
    different modeling and markup languages
  • Unified Modeling Language (UML)
  • Extensible Markup Language (XML)
  • Geographic Markup Language (GML)
  • Specific knowledge of each language is important
    for data and tool designers for more information
    see the Framework Base Standard Training
    Materials.

next Topic
Module Review
33
Module 3 HydroGraphy Requirements Summary
  • Three different requirements, with multiple
    subparts are specified by the Framework
    Hydrography Standard
  • This module covers the specifications on
    Hydrography data should be built
  • Provides rigid requirements to ensure proper
    structure and documentation for hydrography
    data
  • UML diagrams and data dictionaries provide
    specifics for programmers and data creators to
    develop hydrography data that meets Framework
    specifications

next Topic
Module 4 Standard Implementation
34
Module 4 How To put The Standard into operation
Time Requirement
Topics
Estimated time for this module is 60 minutes
  • Implementation Overview
  • Design Requirements
  • Hydrography UML Specifics
  • Code Lists
  • Implementation Example

Key Terms
UML Code Lists Hydrographic Applications
First Topic
Implementation Overview
35
Implementation Overview
Now that you know more about the Hydrography and
how it applies to the overall objective of
Framework The goal of this module is to help
you implement the Hydrography Part of the
Framework Standard. It is important that you
realize that currently there are no tools to help
you implement, or check your data to ensure it
meets Framework Standard requirements. Remember
these standards are new and tools to implement
these standards will take time to
develop. However, the slides in this module
will give you an overview of the general process
and requirements needed. Please refer to the
Framework Standard Hydrography Part for
additional information and context.
next Topic
Design Requirements
36
Design Requirements
Hydrographic Applications
It is important to remember that different
hydrographic based applications have specific
data and information requirements. Thus the
Hydrography Framework part needs a complex data
model to support these needs.
  • Design Concepts
  • The Hydrography Component has 8 key design
    concepts defined by the standard
  • Core component of the standard and model are the
    hydrologic features
  • All features have geometry
  • Features are classified by type, and qualified by
    attributes
  • Features may have relationships with other
    features
  • Common definition of features is needed for
    data sharing
  • Permanent identifiers for features are managed by
    an authority
  • Linear referencing is supported through permanent
    features, identifiers, and measurement references
  • Multiple representations of a feature can exist
    and are managed in a community

Application Examples including Data Needs
next Topic
Hydrography UML Specifics
37
Hydrography UML Specifics
Hydrography UML Classes
The diagram shown to the right was introduced in
Module 3, along with the data dictionary elements
that are needed / available elements within the
hydrography part of the Framework Standard. It
is important to remember that UML is not a coding
language but a rather is a model of how the
features and values within a system (i.e.
Framework Hydrography data layer) should be
structured. For more information about UML and
how to use it please visit http//www.uml.org
next Topic
Code Lists
38
Code Lists
Hydrography Code lists
A code list is designed to limit the available
choices of values that a feature can have.
Although code lists are not necessarily
comprehensive indices, they are designed to
define the most commonly used values in a
standardized format which promotes data
interoperability. In fact often strict
implementation rules and validation assessments
will test for the presence of a code list value,
while more lax rules will allow for the presence
of additional code values. The diagram to the
right represents values that promote
interoperability of hydrographic data.
next Topic
Implementation Example
39
Implementation Example
Hydrography Data Example
1
The hydrography model developed for the Framework
Standard is a large and complex model that
provides documentation and direction for creating
hydrologic data that is interoperable. To
provide a step-by-step guide for producing every
type of hydrologic data possible in the standard
would be nearly impossible. Thus the example
provided here is merely a simplified version of
an implementation of the standard. As you will
notice certain values that are required as part
of the UML diagram are not visible in the feature
or the attributes, however those that are visible
are indicated on the diagram to the right.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
next Topic
  1. Feature Relationship type
  2. Hydrofeature featureID
  3. Hydrofeature featuredate
  4. Hydroelement featuretype
  5. Hydroelement geometry
  6. Hydrofeature name
  7. Datatype nameID
  8. Datatype -IDauthority

Note All indications come from UML diagram,
Code list diagram provides further context
Module 4 Summary
40
Module 4 Summary
  • The hydrography model developed for the
    Framework Standard is a large and complex
    model that provides documentation and
    direction for creating hydrologic data that is
    interoperable.
  • Individual hydrographic applications and data
    have specific needs, however the model
    developed for the Hydrography Framework model
    encompasses all of these needs
  • Specific UML diagrams, code lists, and data
    dictionaries have been developed to document
    components necessary for Framework Hydrography
    data.

next Topic
Module 5
41
Module 5 Course Review and Comprehensive
Self-Test
Topics
  • Review Exercise
  • Comprehensive Self-Test
  • Course Evaluation
  • Certificate of Completion

next Topic
Geo-pardy
42
Geo- pardy Instructions
This review exercise is structured very similar
to the TV show Jeopardy and pulls questions from
both this training material and the Framework
Base Standard training material. To play simply
click on the category and dollar amount for each
question. If you wish to keep score, tally your
results on a scratch piece of paper. Good Luck
and have fun!
43
Lets Play Framework Data Content Base
StandardGeo-pardy!!
44
Requirements
Hydrography Standard
Hydrography
Framework
Uses / Users
100
100
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
400
400
400
400
400
500
500
500
500
500
Final Geo-pardy
45
100 Question from Framework
1996 marked the first year the FGDC funded
projects for this initiative.
Click for Answer
46
100 Answer from Framework
What is Framework?
47
200 Question from Framework
This community of spatial data users benefits
from Framework data.
Click for Answer
48
200 Answer from Framework
What is the Geographic Information Science (GIS)
Community?
49
300 Question from Framework
  • Each of These
  • Cadastral information
  • Orthoimagery
  • Elevation
  • Geodetic control
  • Hydrography
  • Governmental units
  • Transportation
  • are one piece of it.

Click for Answer
50
300 Answer from Framework
What are the Seven Thematic Elements of Framework?
51
400 Question from Framework
DAILY DOUBLE!
The ultimate goal of Framework and the Framework
data content Standard.
Click for Answer
52
400 Answer from Framework
What is to provide uniformity to data and data
sources?
53
500 Question from Framework
The National Map and Geospatial One-Stop projects.
Click for Answer
54
500 Answer from Framework
What are examples of Framework projects at the
national level?
55
100 Question from Hydrography
Lakes, Reservoirs and Streams are all part of it
Click for Answer
56
100 Answer from Hydrography
What is a hydrography data set?
57
200 Question from Hydrography
Remote Sensing, Field Work and Interpolation.
Click for Answer
58
200 Answer from Hydrography
What are ways of collecting hydrographic data?
59
300 Question from Hydrography
The hydrography portion of the hydrologic cycle.
Click for Answer
60
300 Answer from Hydrography
What is from precipitation to re-evaporation?
61
400 Question from Hydrography
Points, Lines and Polygons
Click for Answer
62
400 Answer from Hydrography
The 3 types of features used to portray types of
hydrographic data?
63
500 Question from Hydrography
The way NHD and Framework Hydrography will work
together.
Click for Answer
64
500 Answer from Hydrography
What is crosswalks and conversion tools?
65
100 Question from Hydrography Standard
DAILY DOUBLE!
To Establish content requirements for collection
and interchange of hydrologic data.
Click for Answer
66
100 Answer from Hydrography Standard
What is the purpose of the Framework Hydrography
Standard?
67
200 Question from Hydrography Standard
The responsible organization for coordination for
all Framework Standard work.
Click for Answer
68
200 Answer from Hydrography Standard
What is the FGDC?
69
300 Question from Hydrography Standard
The Hydrography MAT.
Click for Answer
70
300 Answer from Hydrography Standard
What is the Hydrography Modeling Advisory Team?
71
400 Question from Hydrography Standard
To reduce the duplication of data
Click for Answer
72
400 Answer from Hydrography Standard
What is one of the primary goals of Framework and
the Hydrography Standard?
73
500 Question from Hydrography Standard
Restricted to Surface water representations.
Click for Answer
74
500 Answer from Hydrography Standard
What is Hydrographic data representation as
defined by the Framework Hydrography Standard?
75
100 Question from Requirements
3 Sections.
Click for Answer
76
100 Answer from Requirements
The number of sections in the Hydrography
Standard talking about requirements?
77
200 Question from Requirements
UML.
Click for Answer
78
200 Answer from Requirements
What is the modeling language used to layout the
hydrography process?
79
300 Question from Requirements
This type of table should be used to explain the
elements in the UML diagram.
Click for Answer
80
300 Answer from Requirements
What is a data dictionary table?
81
400 Question from Requirements
15 Major Sections.
Click for Answer
82
400 Answer from Requirements
The number of major sections or objects defined
in the hydrography UML diagram and data
dictionary?
83
500 Question from Requirements
Does not specify the software or code language
needed to create hydrography data.
Click for Answer
84
500 Answer from Requirements
What is the Framework Hydrography UML diagram?
85
100 Question from Uses/Users
Framework data is designed for this community.
Click for Answer
86
100 Answer from Uses/Users
Who are all users of digital geospatial data,
(often used in conjunction with a GIS project)?
87
200 Question from Uses/Users
The National Hydrography Dataset is commonly know
as.
Click for Answer
88
200 Answer from Uses/Users
What is the NHD?
89
300 Question from Uses/Users
The Framework approach works at a variety of
scales, for what purpose.
Click for Answer
90
300 Answer from Uses/Users
What is to allow users more options with reguard
to data?
91
400 Question from Uses/Users
UML, XML, and GML are mark-up and modeling
languages designed to give information to this
specific community.
Click for Answer
92
400 Answer from Uses/Users
What is the programming/technical community,
interested in tool design?
93
500 Question from Uses/Users
The way Framework benefits geospatial data users
from large organizations to those with a limited
budget.
Click for Answer
94
500 Answer from Uses/Users
What is by providing access to current data
across the landscape in a structured manner,
reducing redundant data and operating costs?
95
FINAL GEO-PARDY!
Are NHD and Framework Hydrography the same?
Click for Answer
96
FINAL GEO-PARDY ANSWER
NO, they are similar but have different data
models
Proceed to Self-Test
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