Look at each sentence. Which part of the sentence would make a complete sentence on its own (write it down). This is known as an independent clause. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Look at each sentence. Which part of the sentence would make a complete sentence on its own (write it down). This is known as an independent clause.

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Look at each sentence. Which part of the sentence would make a complete sentence on its own (write it down). This is known as an independent clause. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Look at each sentence. Which part of the sentence would make a complete sentence on its own (write it down). This is known as an independent clause.


1
Look at each sentence.Which part of the sentence
would make a complete sentence on its own (write
it down). This is known as an independent clause.
  • Youd better be careful of what you say if you
    visit Secret, Nevada
  • Until I traveled to Rhode Island, I didnt know
    there was a town Common Fence Post

2
Look at each sentence.Which part of the sentence
would make a complete sentence on its own (write
it down). This is known as an independent clause.
  • Youd better be careful of what you say if you
    visit Secret, Nevada
  • Until I traveled to Rhode Island, I didnt know
    there was a town Common Fence Post

3
  1. She wears too much makeup
  2. Since she is under a lot of stress
  3. Until the entire project is complete
  4. We were thirty minutes late for the appointment.
  5. Because youre afraid
  6. They felt more comfortable with me
  7. If the turkey is not refrigerated
  8. Which is in demand
  9. That I know
  10. Shadows are longer in the winter

4
Objective Identify Simple, Compound, Complex
and Compound-Complex Sentences in Your Writing
SENTENCE TYPES
5
Once a writer knows the difference between
the three sentence types (simple, compound, and
complex), it is possible to write with sentence
variety. Sentence variety helps make your
writing more interesting.
6
Simple Sentence
  • A simple sentence contains a subject and verb.
  • It expresses a single complete thought.
  • A simple sentence is a single independent clause.

7
Sample Simple Sentences(write down two examples)
Subject
  • The cat crept through the dark house.
  • The wary mouse watched from underneath an
    upturned cereal box.
  • The predatory cat stopped and surveyed his
    surroundings.

Predicate/Verb
Subject
Predicate/Verb
Subject
Predicate/Verb
8
Compound Sentences
  • A compound sentence contains two independent
    clauses.
  • Coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but,
    or, and yet, so) join these independent clauses.
    (Hint The conjunctions spell FANBOYS.)
  • The conjunction used can impact the meaning of
    the sentence.

9
Sample Compound Sentences
Subject
Predicate/Verb
  • The cat was unsuccessful in his attempt to catch
    the mouse, and the mouse was equally as unlucky
    in his attempt to get the cheese.
  • The dog had watched all of this, but he had
    refused to become involved.
  • NOT A COMPOUND SENTENCE
  • The dog watched all of this but refused to become
    involved.

Predicate/Verb
Subject
10
Quick Check (dont write this down) Identify the
two independent clauses
  • The mouse could wait until dark, or he could risk
    a daylight raid on the pantry.
  • The cat usually slept during the day, yet
    curiosity held him at the corner of the kitchen

11
Switching a conjunction for a semi-colon
  • You can put a semi-colon in place of a
    conjunction however, make sure that the sentence
    will make sense
  • Ex. The cat was unsuccessful in his attempt to
    catch the mouse, and the mouse was equally as
    unlucky in his attempt to get the cheese


12
Complex Sentences
  • Objective
  • I learn how to correctly write a complex
    sentence.

13
What is a complex sentences
  • A complex sentence is an independent clause
    joined by one or more dependent clauses.
  • Example When I listen to my teachers, I do
    better on my tests.

Dependent Clause
independent Clause
14
What is a dependent clause
  • A subordinating conjunction begins the dependent
    clauses (see list).
  • A dependent clause that begins a sentence must be
    followed by comma.
  • A dependent clause has a subject and a verb, but
    it does not make sense on its own.

15
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • After how Until
  • Although if Unless
  • As in as much   as if
  • in order that When as long as
  • At least Whenever as much as
  • now that whereas soon
  • wherever as though Since
  • While because so that
  • Before even if That
  • even though   though

16
Sample Complex Sentences
Dependent Clause
  • After he gave it some thought, the mouse decided
    to wait until later to move.
  • The cat fell asleep in the warm kitchen because
    he was deprived of sleep the night before.
  • Because he was deprived of sleep the night
    before, the cat fell asleep in the kitchen.

independent Clause
independent Clause
Dependent Clause
17
Quick Check (complex sentences)
  • When the mouse heard the soft snoring of his
    sleeping nemesis, he scurried to the pantry and
    grabbed enough food for a week.
  • The dedicated cat keeps his nightly watch even
    though the foresighted mouse will not be
    venturing out this week.

18
Summary
  • Write a summary that explains the difference
    between a compound and complex sentence.
    Remember to include the different types of
    conjunction each type of sentence uses.

19
Compound-Complex Sentences
  • I will learn to write a compound-complex sentence.

20
Compound-Complex Sentences
  • A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that
    has at least two independent clauses and at least
    one dependent clause.
  • The same subordinating conjunctions are used to
    introduce the dependent clauses.
  • The same coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS) are
    used for joining the independent clauses.

21
Sample Compound-Complex
Dependent Clause
  • After the two adversaries had spent years playing
    this cat and mouse game, they were joined by
    their children, and the fun continued.
  • This game was begun thousands of years ago, and
    it will continue far into the future as other
    cats and mice revel in hide-and-seek.

independent Clause
independent Clause
Dependent Clause
22
Test Yourself Simple, Compound, Complex, or
Compound-Complex?
  • 1. Juan played football while Jane went
    shopping.
  • 2. Juan played football, yet Jim went shopping.
  • 3. Although Mexico has a better team, they lost
    the tournament, and their more aggressive style
    did not pay off.
  • 4. The island was filled with many trails winding
    through the thick underbrush, a small lake, and
    dangerous wild animals.
  • 5. Naoki passed the test because he studied hard,
    but Stacy did not understand the material.

complex
compound
Compound/complex
simple
Compound/Complex
23
Quiz
  • http//www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?titl
    esentence-structure-simple-compound-complex-compo
    undcomplex-sentences

24
Summary and Processing
  • Summary
  • Write a summary explaining how to recognize
    and/or write each type of sentence.
  • Processing
  • Provide an example of each type of sentence
    in your processing (for a compound sentence
    provide a non example too)
  • You may add pictures or anything else to it
    to help you remember

25
Test Yourself Simple, Compound, Complex, or
Compound-Complex?
  • 1. Because he was rude, many people did not like
    him, and they choose to ignore him.
  • 2. Mrs. Morgan won the race against Mrs. Brown
    while they were running on the treadmill.
  • 3. Mrs. Brown drinks too much coffee, and Mrs.
    Morgan drinks too much diet pepsi.
  • 4. Mrs. Brown and Mrs. Morgan taught the English
    class.
  • 5. Ms. Brekke took Mrs. Morgans daughter to the
    Taylor Swift concert because Mr. Morgan didnt
    want to go, and they had a fabulous time.

Compound/Complex
complex
compound
simple
Compound/complex
26
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