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Indus River Valley

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Indus River Valley Global History I: Spiconardi Geography & It s Impact Location: Northernmost part of the Indian subcontinent & modern day Pakistan Geography & It ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indus River Valley


1
Indus River Valley
  • Global History I Spiconardi

2
Geography Its Impact
  • Location Northernmost part of the Indian
    subcontinent modern day Pakistan

3
Geography Its Impact
  • The Monsoons
  • Seasonal winds in the winter and summer.
  • If easterly winter winds prevailed, then there
    was drought
  • If westerly summer winds prevailed, then there
    was severe flooding

4
Monsoons
5
Monsoons
6
Geography Its Impact
  • Geographic Isolation
  • The Indus River runs between the Himalayan and
    Hindu Kush mountains
  • The mountain ranges often limited contact with
    other cultures
  • Protected Harappan civilization from invasion
    (until Aryans in 1500 B.C.E.)

7
Planned Cities on the Indus
  • Planned urban centers of Mohenjo-Daro Harappa
  • Cities laid out on a grid (Like Manhattan above
    14th Street)
  • Both cities blocks, structures, and buildings
    were almost identical
  • What does this suggest?

8
Mohenjo-Daro
9
Mohenjo-Daro
10
Harappa
11
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12
Planned Cities on the Indus
  • Layout of Harappa Mohenjo-Daro
  • Homes
  • At least two stories
  • All had a courtyard with a balcony
  • Most had a small well and bathtub
  • Water
  • In Mohenjo-Daro a basin known as the Great Bath
    was built
  • Running water
  • Shows emphasis on cleanliness purification

13
Achievements Contributions
  • Sewers baths
  • Almost every home had a small bathroom
  • Drainage in the streets to clear waste

14
Achievements Contributions
  • First to weave cotton
  • Used bricks to build structures
  • Mud bricks
  • Wood bricks

15
Interesting Tidbit
  • Archaeologists have uncovered more TOYS than
    WEAPONS in their excavations of Harappan cultures.

16
Aryan Invasion
  • Aryans ? nomads who most likely originated in
    modern Iran
  • Eventually many Aryan tribes settled in the Indus
    Valley forgoing their nomadic ways

17
Aryan Invasion
  • Religion
  • Not much is known about Indus religion
  • Seals that cannot be deciphered suggest a
    polytheistic nature worshipping religion
  • Under Aryans, the religion is mixed with the
    Aryan and Indus beliefs and Hinduism forms over a
    period of time

18
Aryan Invasion
  • The Vedic Period (1900 500 BCE)
  • The Vedas ? books in which Aryans record their
    beliefs
  • Development of a caste system
  • Emerged to subjugate the native people of India
    to Aryan rule
  • Term Aryan comes from the Sanskrit word Arya,
    which means noble
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