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Civil Engineering

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Title: Civil Engineering


1
  • Civil Engineering

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
2
Civil Engineering
  • Overview
  • Today, civil engineers are in the forefront of
    technology. They are the leading users of
    sophisticated high-tech products - applying the
    very latest concepts in computer-aided design
    (CAD) during design, construction, project
    scheduling, and cost control.
  • Civil engineering is about community service,
    development, and improvement -- the planning,
    design, construction, and operation of facilities
    essential to modern life, ranging from transit
    systems to offshore structures to space
    satellites.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
3
Civil Engineering
  • Overview (continued)
  • Civil engineers are problem solvers, meeting the
    challenges of pollution, traffic congestion,
    drinking water and energy needs, urban
    redevelopment, and community planning.
  • Civil Engineering is grouped into seven major
    divisions of engineering Structural
    Environmental Geotechnical Water Resources
    Transportation Construction and Urban Planning.
    In practice, these are not always hard and fixed
    categories, but they offer a helpful way to
    review a very diverse and dynamic field.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
4
Civil Engineering
  • Preparation
  • A bachelor's degree in engineering is required
    for almost all entry-level engineering jobs.
  • Most engineering programs involve a concentration
    of study in an engineering specialty, along with
    courses in both mathematics and science.
  • Most programs include a design course, sometimes
    accompanied by a computer or laboratory class or
    both.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
5
Civil Engineering
  • Preparation (continued)
  • Admissions requirements for engineering schools
    include a background in mathematics (algebra,
    geometry, trigonometry, calculus) and science
    (biology, chemistry, physics), and courses in
    English, social studies, humanities, and computer
    and information technology.
  • Focus on becoming as well-rounded as possible by
    taking a variety of humanities courses, and
    include business and communication courses
    whenever possible.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
6
Civil Engineering
  • Preparation (continued)
  • Those interested in a career in Civil
    Engineering should consider reviewing engineering
    programs that are accredited by the Accreditation
    Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.
    Accreditation is based on an evaluation of an
    engineering program's student achievement,
    program improvement, faculty, curricular content,
    facilities, and institutional commitment.
  • A list of universities offering accredited
    degrees in Civil Engineering is available at the
    Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
7
Civil Engineering
  • Day in the Life
  • The only constant in the professional lives of
    civil engineers is that they never have typical
    days.
  • Every day is different, bringing new challenges
    and unique demands, and the nature of these
    demands varies according to the specialization
    and seniority of the engineer.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
8
Civil Engineering
  • Day in the Life (continued)
  • Teams and Coworkers
  • Most Civil Engineers report they work in teams,
    and spend time on things not necessarily well
    described in their titles.
  • Almost all jobs in civil engineering require some
    sort of interaction with coworkers. Whether they
    are working in a team situation, or just asking
    for advice, most engineers have to have the
    ability to communicate and work with other
    people.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
9
Civil Engineering
  • Day in the Life (continued)
  • Tasks
  • Beginning engineering graduates usually work
    under the supervision of experienced engineers
    and, in large companies, also may receive formal
    classroom or seminar-type training. As new
    engineers gain knowledge and experience, they are
    assigned more difficult projects with greater
    independence to develop designs, solve problems,
    and make decisions. Engineers may advance to
    become technical specialists or to supervise a
    staff or team of engineers and technicians.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
10
Civil Engineering
  • Day in the Life (continued)
  • Specialization
  • There are seven major disciplines within civil
    engineering that are closely interrelated
  • Structural
  • Environmental
  • Geotechnical
  • Water Resources
  • Transportation
  • Construction
  • Urban Planning

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
11
Civil Engineering
  • Earnings
  • Entry-level salaries vary based on your areas of
    expertise, experience, education, supervisory
    responsibility, accountability for projects, and
    the geographic location, size, and industry of
    the employer.
  • According to a 2005 salary survey by the National
    Association of Colleges and Employers, bachelor's
    degree candidates in civil engineering received
    starting salary offers averaging 43,679 a year,
    master's degree candidates were offered 48,050,
    and Ph.D. candidates were offered 59,625.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
12
Civil Engineering
  • Employment
  • Employment opportunities for civil engineers
    exist all over the world. Civil engineers are
    needed everywhere to plan, design, construct,
    operate, improve, and renovate the projects
    essential to modern comfort and growth.
  • Where you work makes a big difference to your
    career. Rewards are very different in public and
    private sectors. The salaries may be higher in
    the private sector but when you consider the
    total compensation package, the difference may
    not be as significant.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
13
Civil Engineering
  • Employment (continued)
  • Civil engineers held about 237,000 jobs in 2004
    in the U.S. This represents 16.4 of the 1.4
    million jobs held by engineers in the U.S. in
    2004.
  • There are also many international opportunities
    for Civil Engineers. More details and ideas for
    considering international jobs are available at
    the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
14
Civil Engineering
  • Career Path Forecast
  • According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau
    of Labor Statistics, civil engineers are expected
    to see average employment growth through 2014.
  • Spurred by general population growth and an
    increased emphasis on infrastructure security,
    more civil engineers will be needed to design and
    construct safe and higher capacity
    transportation, water supply, and pollution
    control systems, as well as large buildings and
    building complexes.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
15
Civil Engineering
  • Career Path Forecast (continued)
  • Civil Engineers also will be needed to repair or
    replace existing roads, bridges, and other public
    structures.
  • Because construction and related industries --
    including those providing design services --
    employ many civil engineers, employment
    opportunities will vary by geographic area and
    may decrease during economic slowdowns, when
    construction often is curtailed.

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
16
Civil Engineering
  • Resources
  • More information about Civil Engineering is
    available at the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center,
    including employer lists, accredited Civil
    Engineering programs, suggestions for precollege
    students, profiles of Civil Engineers, a free
    monthly careers newsletter, and a PDF that
    summarizes the field.
  • Associations
  • American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Canadian Society for Civil Engineers
  • The Institution of Civil Engineers

Overview Preparation Day in the Life
Earnings Employment Career Path Forecast
Resources
Developed by the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center.
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