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Short Course on Modern Construction Management (INKINDO*Universitas Narotama*KUiTTHO) Module: HUMAN RESOURCES IN CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT)

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Title: Short Course on Modern Construction Management (INKINDO*Universitas Narotama*KUiTTHO) Module: HUMAN RESOURCES IN CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT)


1
Short Course on Modern Construction
Management(INKINDOUniversitas
NarotamaKUiTTHO)ModuleHUMAN RESOURCES IN
CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT)
  • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Bin Othman,
  • Department of Management and Technology,
  • Faculty of Technology Management,
  • Kolej Universiti Teknologi Tun Hussein Onn
  • 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat,
  • MALAYSIA
  • Tel 607-4538101, Fax 607-4541245
  • Email ahmadbo_at_kuittho.edu.my

2
Contents of the Module
3
  • HRM in Construction Industry Introduction (Part
    I)
  • Definition, Emphasis and Functions of HRM
  • HRM Challenges
  • Construction Industry in Malaysia
  • The Challenges of Managing People in Construction
    Industry

4
Definition of HRM
  • HRM deals with people working in an
  • organization. It is about taking care of their
  • the well-being so that they can work
  • effectively as a group and contribute to the
  • success of the organization.

5
  • Emphasis of HRM

In the past organizations were production
oriented or inward looking
Today many organizations have become outward
looking and direct their attention to the
customer. Because of this, HRM in some
organizations has also become outward looking.
6
  • Functions of HRM

HRM is the process of finding out what people
want from their work, what an organization wants
from its employees, and then matching these two
sets of needs.
7
Needs of Individual Employees
Money
Job Satisfaction
Having nice people to work with
Needs of Individual Employees
Status
A sense of doing something worthwhile
8
Maslows Need Hierarchy Theory
Self-actualization needs needs for personal
growth, development of full potential
Self- actualization
Esteem needs a sense of self-esteem and a
feeling of self-worth.
Esteem
Social needs companionship and sense of
personal belongingness.
Belongingness/ social
Safety needs physical and psychological safety
from external threats
Safety
Physiological
Physiological needs food, water, adequate
shelter.
9
  • HRM Challenges

EXTERNAL INFLUENCES
Global markets
Competition
INTERNAL INFLUENCES
Work systems
Customers
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Labour markets
Economy
Product quality
Type of machines
Politics
Organizational culture
Technology
Leadership
Environment
Culture
Education
10
  • Construction Industry in Malaysia

DEFINITION OF CONSTRUCTION The International
Standard Industrial Classification issued by the
United Nations (1969) defines construction as
follows constructing, altering, repairing
and demolishing building constructing, altering
and repairing highways and streets and bridges
viaducts, culverts, sewers, and water, gas and
electricity mains railways roadbeds, sub-ways
and harbour and water ways piers, airports and
parking areas dams, drainage, irrigation, flood
control and water power projects and
hydroelectric plants pipe lines water wells
athletic fields, golf courses, swimming pools and
tennis courts communication systems such as
telephone and telegraph lines marine
construction, such as dredging and under water
rock removal pile driving, land draining and
reclamation and other type of heavy
construction mining services such as preparing
and constructing mining sites and drilling crude
oil and natural gas wells.
11
DEFINITIONS . continue The assembly and
installation on site of prefabricated, integral
parts into bridges, water tanks, storage and
warehouse facilities, railroad and elevated
right-of-way, lift and escalator, plumbing,
sprinkler, central heating, ventilating and
air-conditioning, lighting and electrical wiring,
etc. systems of buildings and all kinds of
structures.
12
DEFINITIONS OF CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY the
construction industry is that sector of an
economy which constructs, alters, repairs and
demolishes buildings, civil engineering works and
other similar structures. The construction
industry also includes the assembly and
installation on site of prefabricated components
and building engineering services (Adlin
Abdullah, 2004).
13
Planning and designing
Construction
Repair, maintenance And alteration
Activities
Assembly and installation On site of
prefabricated units
Demolition
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Specialist trade
Specialist trade
Roads, bridges, tunnels
Products
Airports, harbours, railways
Buildings
Reclamation, sewers, dams, canals, pipelines
Electrical, telecommunications, Gas works and
mining services
14
The different categories of construction firms,
their resource situations and limiting factors
SECTOR NATURE OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES STATE OF RESOURCES LIMITING FACTORS
Foreign and very large local firms technically complex projects such as airports, LRT, dams, ports, expressways, other heavy civil engineering works and sophisticated and prestigious buildings highly skilled and experienced professional, technical and managerial personnel both foreign and local Advanced techniques of construction some imported materials, components, plants and equipment domestic and external funding efficient supply of domestic resources local and foreign skilled and unskilled labour foreign inputs foreign exchange non-availability of the level of technical and managerial skills, expertise and experience required among local personnel shortage of skilled and unskilled labour at operative level
Large local firms the most expensive and technically sophisticated of the works dominated by local firms such as commercial and industrial buildings and complexes some foreign participation, mainly technical expertise and experience for specialist works and related imported resources, materials and components, plants and equipment modern and traditional techniques of construction dominated by local professional, technical and managerial personnel, materials and equipment and domestic funding local and foreign skilled and unskilled labour
15
The different categories of construction firms,
their resource situations and limiting factors
SECTOR NATURE OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES STATE OF RESOURCES LIMITING FACTORS
Medium local firms low-rise buildings such as residential buildings, schools, simple office buildings and simple civil engineering works, special trade works dominated by traditional construction techniques simple industrialised techniques few technical and managerial personnel skilled tradesmen domestic resources local and foreign skilled and unskilled labour low levels of skills acquisition Low mechanisation access to finance and materials shortages of skilled and unskilled labour
Small local firms most numerous and most widely scattered and relatively very small nature of construction activities which include repair and maintenance, alterations and extension works, small rural civil works small general construction such as individual houses labour-only subcontracting skilled tradesmen domestic resources traditional construction techniques local and foreign skilled and unskilled labour low level of skills acquisition Low mechanisation access to finance and materials efficiency and commitment of contractors shortages of skilled and unskilled labour
16
  • The Challenges of Managing People in Construction
    Industry in Malaysia
  • Labour shortage will continue if the industry
    continue to rely heavily on labour-
  • intensive techniques.
  • Alternative reduce the labour intensive
    nature of construction activities and
  • boost productivity by greater use of offsite
    prefabricated components and by
  • more mechanisation of labour-intensive
    activities.
  • Labour-intensive activities over the longer term
    can impede the industry as well
  • as the countrys restructuring from
    labour-intensive, low-technology, low-skill to
  • higher-skill and more capital-intensive
    activities.
  • Future construction demand will also depend on
    the use of new technologies
  • and skills
  • The industry is likely to recognise the need for
    new specialist skills and
  • knowledge
  • The need for improved management techniques,
    better integration between
  • design and production, improved control of
    selection and delivery of
  • materials, and better organised and managed
    site operations.

17
  • Human Resource Management (Part II)
  • Introduction
  • Manpower Planning
  • Recruitment and Selection of Employees
  • Employee Motivation
  • Employee Evaluation
  • Industrial Relations
  • Provisions of Employee Services
  • Employee Education, Training and Development
  • Reward Management
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