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What is Government?

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Democracy Supreme political authority rests w/ people People hold sovereign power and government is conducted only by & with the consent of the people ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Government?


1
What is Government?
2
What is Government?
  • Purpose
  • Enforce Public Policies (what are they?)
  • Security v. Freedom
  • Characteristics
  • 3 Branches
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial
  • Most bound by a constitution

3
State
  • What is a state?
  • A body of people, living in a defined territory,
    organized politically and with the power to make
    and enforce law without the consent of any higher
    authority.
  • Nation v. Country

4
Characteristic of a State
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government

5
Origins of Government
  • Force Theory
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Divine Right Theory
  • Social Contract

6
Classifying Governments
  1. Who can participate?
  2. The geographic distribution of governmental power
    within the state
  3. The relationship between the legislative and
    executive branches of government

7
Who can participate?
  • Democracy
  • Despotism
  • Autocracy
  • Oligarchy

8
Who can participate? Democracy
  • Supreme political authority rests w/ people
  • People hold sovereign power and government is
    conducted only by with the consent of the
    people
  • government of the people, by the people and for
    the people. Abraham Lincoln

9
Who can participate? Democracy
  • Direct- (pure democracy)- people themselves
    create the policies
  • Practical for small communities
  • Indirect- (representative democracy)- group of
    people are chosen to represent specific
    populations

10
Who can participate? Democracy
11
Who can participate? Despotism
  • Those whos rule cannot be held responsible to
    the will of the people
  • Oldest and most common throughout history
  • Autocracy
  • Oligarchy
  • Totalitarian
  • Usually gain power through force

12
Geographic Distribution of Power
  • Unitary Government
  • Federal Government
  • Confederate Government

13
Geographic Distribution of PowerUnitary
Government
  • Centralized
  • Great BritainParliament
  • Local Governments only to relieve burden of
    menial tasks
  • Doesnt mean Dictatorship!!!

14
Geographic Distribution of PowerFederal
Government
  • Division of Power
  • Ex USA, Australia, Canada, Mexico, Germany,
    Switzerland, India and 20 others

15
Geographic Distribution of PowerConfederate
Government
  • Alliance of independent states
  • Ex USA Between 1781-1789, EU

16
Relationship between Legislative and Executive
Branches
  • Presidential Government (USA, France)
  • Executive and legislative branches of the
    Government are separate
  • Independent
  • Equal
  • Parliamentary (Great Britain, India)
  • Executive is the leader of the majority party

17
Types of Government
  • Anarchy
  • Democracy
  • Autocracy
  • Monarchy
  • Dictatorship
  • Oligarchy
  • Stratocracy
  • Theocracy
  • Plutocracy

18
Positives and Negatives of Government
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