Gendering Peace PROPOSAL FOR A POSITION PAPER OF EWL ON WOMEN, CONFLICT AND UN SC RESOLUTION 1325 Rada Boric, European Women - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gendering Peace PROPOSAL FOR A POSITION PAPER OF EWL ON WOMEN, CONFLICT AND UN SC RESOLUTION 1325 Rada Boric, European Women

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Title: Gendering Peace PROPOSAL FOR A POSITION PAPER OF EWL ON WOMEN, CONFLICT AND UN SC RESOLUTION 1325 Rada Boric, European Women


1
Gendering Peace PROPOSAL FOR A POSITION
PAPER OF EWL ON WOMEN, CONFLICT AND UN SC
RESOLUTION 1325 Rada Boric, European Womens
Lobby

2
KEY POINTS
  • Conflicts and wars are GENDERED processes
  • Conflicts and wars have disproportional impact on
    women and children, particularly the girl child.
  • Women are not seen as equal in contributing to
    the democratic development and creating human
    security for all.

3
Gender, Peace and Security Policy within
EU Documents to Refer to
  • Participation of women in peaceful conflict
    resolution (EP Resolution, 2000)
  • Resolution 1385 of the Council of Europe on
    Conflict Prevention and Resolution the Role of
    Women (2004)
  • Council operational paper on the
    implementation of SCR 1325 in the ESDP (2005)
  • A roadmap for equality between women and
    men 2006-2010 (2006)
  • Report on the situation of women in armed
    conflicts and their role in the reconstruction
    and democratic process in post-conflict countries
    (2006)
  • Checklist to ensure gender mainstreaming and
    implementation of UNSCR 1325 in the planning and
    conduct of ESDP Operations (2006)
  • Report on women in international politics (2006)
  • Council conclusions on promoting gender equality
    and gender mainstreaming in crisis management
    (2006)

The EU was created to ensure lasting peace in
Europe
4
UN SC Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and
Security (2000)
  • Principal international instrument which
    incorporates and mandates a gender perspective in
    all aspects of peacebuilding.
  • A Gender perspective must be mainstreamed
    throughout the peace processes, peace
    accords/agreements and peacekeeping operations

5
The UN Resolution 1325 stresses four main areas
of concern
  • The participation of women in peacebuilding
  • The inclusion of a gender perspective in peace
    processes and training to promote gender
    perspective in peace building
  • The protection of women from violence in crisis
    and war areas, especially from rape
  • The inclusion of gender perspective in UN reports
    and mechanisms for the implementation of peace
    agreements

6
How can the UN SC Resolution 1325 be effective?
  • Increasing womens involvement in peacebuilding/
    promotion measures
  • Recognizing the ways in which women and men are
    affected differently by conflict
  • Preventing gender-specific violence against women
    and girls and protecting the rights and needs of
    women and girls in armed conflict
  • Developing and implementing National Action
    Plans
  • Assuring gender budgeting
  • Setting identifiable benchmark and time lines for
    implementation

7
National Action Plans
  • The UN system has developed a 1325 Action Plan as
    the best way to translate objectives of the
    Resolution 1325 into reality. 
  • Only six EU countries have develop NAPs UK,
    Denmark, Sweden, Austria, The Netherlands and
    Spain, and two non-EU countries Switzerland and
    Norway. Canada is the only country outside
    Europe.
  • The majority of these national action plans fail
    to include gender budgeting, identifiable
    benchmarks and/or timelines for the
    implementation
  • legal instruments are in place, including
    developed national action plans, the mechanisms
    for implementing still needs to be developed.

8
The role of womens NGOs
  • To disseminate information about Resolution 1325
    to national and regional stake holders involved
    in decision-making
  • To publish shadow reports on gender perspectives
    on conflicts
  • To offer gender specific training for UN and
    other international and national personnel
  • To offer training to build womens capacities to
    participate in decision-making at all levels
  • To encourage womens organizations at all levels
    to prepare and support candidates for
    decision-making positions, including refugee
    women
  • To lobby that the General Assembly prioritize the
    budget for gender mainstreaming in peace
    operations and engage personnel with gender
    expertise
  • To lobby for establishing gender focal
    points/gender units and utilize gender experts in
    all peacebuilding missions

9
Preconditions for sustainable peace and human
security
  • Gender Equality Platform for Action, CEDAW and SC
    Resolution 1325 articulated that equality and
    peace cannot be achieved without the equal
    participation of women and full integration of
    gender perspectives. Commitment to combat
    violence against women, increase girls access to
    education, ensure womens equal participation in
    decision-making and access to reproductive
    rights, with firm benchmarks for action.
  • Gender Mainstreaming UN system has to strengthen
    gender mainstreaming, as mandated, ensuring that
    the structural changes and financial and human
    resources within the UN promote gender equality.
  • Development Peace, development and human rights
    are inextricably linked. Link between
    conflict/war and poverty, as well as conflict
    prevention and development has to be considered
    and conditions tackled. Sustainable development
    should be reinforced by the political and
    financial commitments as a form of prevention.
  • Human Rights Need to strengthen human rights
    mechanisms in the member states as well as within
    the UN and EU/CoE. Legal reform process must be
    based on gender mainstreaming human rights.

10
  • Disarmament In the framework of human security,
    decisions on the disarmament of all weapons,
    including small arms and light weapons and
    nuclear weapons, should be carried out.
  • Demilitarisation does not only mean reduction of
    military expenditure and control of availability
    of armaments, but the shift in the politics
    promotion of non-violent forms of conflict
    transformation and promotion of the respect of
    human rights.
  • Civil Society Womens NGos proved to perform
    important role in peacebuilding processes and
    they role must be re-enforced. The states and the
    UN cannot be effective in their commitments
    toward sustainable peace without meaningful
    engagement from civil society organizations and
    strong partnership between member states and
    civil society. Consistent with the provisions of
    UNSC Resolution 1325, gender analysis of all
    situations off armed conflict should be
    performed.

11
EWL Recommendations
  • Re-affirm commitment for the implementation of
    UNSC Resolution 1325 and European Parliaments
    resolution 2000/2025 on the Participation of
    Women in Peaceful Conflict Resolution.
    Development of an EU-wide Action Plan on SCR 1325
    and development of NAPs by all EU members is of
    urgent matter. SUGGESTION National action plans
    in conflict-affected areas are crucial for the
    process of peace building. Support for their
    creation and implementation by national and
    international NGOs is recommended.
  • Call upon Governments, relevant UN agencies and
    other intergovernmental bodies to provide full
    financial support for implementation of
    Resolution 1325, as well as adequate and
    sustainable funding for womens equal
    participation in peace building, conflict
    prevention and conflict resolution processes. 
    Strict benchmarks for the implementation needed,
    including gender budgeting and time lines for
    implementation

12
  • Conduct a mapping and review of gender issues
    within EU peace and security policy and
    programming assess gaps and identify areas of EU
    strategic priority related to SCR 1325 and EP
    resolution 2000/2025. Evaluate implementation of
    SCR 1325/national action plans.
  • Actively promote the equal participation of women
    in conflict prevention, management and conflict
    resolution and in post-conflict peace building,
    by developing the capacity of the EU within the
    common security and defence policy to respond to
    conflict prevention and to promote the concept of
    human security.
  • Place womens human rights at the core of donor
    policies for reconstruction and development by
    building support systems and investment in
    specialised services for the victims of rape and
    trauma in the wake of gender-based violence
    perpetrated during conflict/war periods

13
  • Provide a mandate within the common security and
    defence policy to, inter alia co-ordinate the EU
    with a focus on non-military crisis management
    ensure the drafting, implementation and
    monitoring of codes of conduct for military and
    civilian factions intervening on behalf of the EU
    in areas of armed conflict and ensure that at
    least 40 of women are included in all
    reconciliation, peacekeeping, peace-enforcement,
    peace building and conflict prevention posts
  • Provide clear gender focused Code of Conducton
    the standards of conduct of military and civilian
    peacekeeping and humanitarian staff while on
    mission in areas of armed conflict.
  • Make funds available to women so they can seek
    redress through the mechanisms of international
    law in the aftermath of armed conflicts.
  • Make funds available to women to participate and
    take leadership in reconstructing community life
    and access to infrastructure such as water
    supply, electricity, schools, hospitals, roads as
    well as (re) building legal and administrative
    structures of the State

14
  • Condemn all forms of violence of gender-based
    violence in situations of armed conflicts and
    post-conflict societies. Women and girls should
    have access to redress through the mechanism of
    international law in the aftermath of the
    conflict. Support to the Tribunal for the cases
    of gendered war violence.
  • Grant protection to women who flee their
    countries grant women asylum by recognising
    gender-based violence adopt the United Nations
    High Commissioner for Refugees guidelines on
    Sexual and gender-based violence against
    refugees, returnees and internally displaced
    persons Guide for Prevention and Response adopt
    within the process of EU harmonisation of asylum
    policies, the UN guidelines on International
    Protection Gender Related Persecution within
    the context of Article 1A(2)provide annual
    disaggregated data

15
  • Support The International Criminal Court (ICC) to
    pursue perpetrators of crimes committed against
    women as crimes against humanity.
  • Invest in civil society, by supporting womens
    organisations, as a means of conflict prevention.
  • Appoint EU Rapporteur on womens rights to
    monitor implementation of gender policies in
    Europe, including the implementation of the
    policies on resolution 1325.
  • Develop and support alternative National Action
    Plans and alternative/parallel Womens Security
    Councils to promote women in peace-building.

16
  • www.womenlobby.org
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