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Curriculum and Instruction Defined

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Curriculum and Instruction Defined Chapter 1 Curriculum and instruction are viewed as separate but dependent concepts. Curriculum the program Instruction the method A ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Curriculum and Instruction Defined


1
Curriculum and Instruction Defined
  • Chapter 1

2
  • Curriculum and instruction are viewed as separate
    but dependent concepts.
  • Curriculum the program
  • Instruction the method

3
A Discipline?
  • Contains
  • An organized set of principles
  • A body of knowledge and skills for which training
    is needed
  • Its theoreticians and practitioners

4
  • A systematic group of courses or sequences of
    subjects required for graduation or certification
    in a field of study, for example, social studies
    curriculum, physical education

5
  • Curriculum is a plan for learning
  • Hilda Taba

6
  • Robert Gagne -
  • wove together subject matter (content), the
    statement of ends (terminal objectives),
    sequencing of content, and pre-assessment of
    entry skills required of students when they begin
    the study of the content
  • What it doesor should do that is, its purpose

7
Models of CurriculumInstruction Relationship
  • Dualistic model
  • Interlocking model
  • Concentric model
  • Cyclical model

8
Curriculum as a Discipline
  • Significant set of principles
  • Borrowed constructs, principles, knowledge and
    skills
  • Specialists and new curriculum concepts
    (theoreticians and practitioners)

9
Principles of Curriculum Development
  • Chapter 2

10
Education
  • System that changes ?
  • Continuous improvements?
  • Generally accepted principles?
  • Who plays significant roles?

11
Theory X, Y,Z
  • The leader must know
  • The change process (structure, information,
    control methods, decision made
  • Have interpersonal skills (types of behavior)
  • Leadership skills (traits) - approaches-
  • Traditional, monocratic bureaucratic
  • Pluralistic/collegial
  • Communication skills (oral and written)

12
Terms
  • Curriculum development
  • comprehensive term that includes planning,
    implementation, and evaluation
  • Curriculum planning
  • preliminary phase of curriculum development
  • thinking or design phase
  • Curriculum implementation
  • translation of plans into action

13
  • Curriculum improvement
  • synonymous with curriculum development
  • Viewed as the result of development
  • Curriculum evaluation
  • Results assessed and successes of both the
    learners and programs determined

14
10 Axioms of Change
  • Inevitability of change
  • inevitable and necessary
  • Curriculum a product of its Time
  • reflects / a product of its time
  • Concurrent Changes
  • - changes at earlier time/exist concurrently
    with new

15
  • Change in people
  • - a result of people changing
  • Cooperative Endeavor
  • - effected as a result of cooperative endeavor on
    part of the group

16
  • Decision - Making Process
  • basically what it is
  • Continuous Process
  • a never-ending process
  • Comprehensive Process

17
  • Systematic Development
  • more effective than trial and error
  • Starting from Existing Curriculum
  • - planner starts from where the curriculum
  • is / ex. teacher starts from where students
  • are
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