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College Reading


College Reading Of all the skills necessary to succeed in college, the two most important are: Reading the intake of information Writing the production of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: College Reading

College Reading
  • Of all the skills necessary to succeed in
    college, the two most important are
  • Reading the intake of information
  • Writing the production of information
  • In this presentation, you will learn how to make
    your reading skills work for you

Read it! Process it! Use it!
Take Charge of Your Reading
  • Before all else, if you dont like to read,
    accept the importance of the skill and work on
    it. This is CRITICAL to your success!
  • Commit to reading goals
  • Plan time and space to concentrate
  • Capture knowledge and connect ideas
  • Know how to read primary and secondary sources.
  • Preview and Review

Commit to Reading Goals
  • Stay positive, reading can be enjoyable.
  • Make the author your companion.
  • Pace yourself according to difficulty level.
  • Take breaks (10 min break every 50 minutes).
  • Read other sources if the assigned reading is
  • Keep building your vocabulary (keep a dictionary
  • When studying for a test, skim readings for key
    points and terms.
  • Make understanding the material of prime

The need to read is great indeed!
Plan Time and Space to Concentrate
  • College reading takes a great deal of
  • Find an environment in which you can concentrate
  • If you must read in a noisy environment, consider
    wearing headphones with familiar instrumental
    music just loud enough to block distractions.
  • Schedule time to read in a place where you wont
    be interrupted (or distracted).

Capture and Connect
  • Capture the supporting details connect them to
    the main idea.
  • Capture what you dont know and connect it to
    what you do know.
  • Elements of Your Reading Plan
  • Preview
  • Skimming
  • Active Reading
  • Analytic Reading
  • Review

Know How to Read Primary and Secondary Sources
  • Primary Source - material written in some
    original form more difficult reading level.
  • Autobiographies
  • Speeches
  • Research Reports
  • Government Documents
  • Scholarly Articles
  • Secondary Source - summarizes or interprets
    primary sources
  • Magazine Articles
  • Textbooks

Developing Your Vocabulary
  • Consider the context around new and challenging
  • Jot down unfamiliar terms and find the meaning
    using a dictionary.
  • Analyze terms to discover the most meaningful
    part of the word (especially true in Biology).
  • Take the opportunity to use new terms in your
    writing and speaking.

Learn to read outside the box!
A Readers Glossary
Cause-effect How one thing causes another to happen
Compare-contrast How things are similar and how they are different
Draw a conclusion To make up your mind about an idea
Context clue Getting the meaning of a word from the words around it
Implied Suggested without being directly stated
Inference To guess or speculate to draw a conclusion
Main idea The primary subject of a passage or paragraph
Objectivity Not influenced by personal feelings or prejudice
Prior knowledge What you already know
Supporting details Specific items that elaborate on the main idea
This is a lot of work! Who needs it?
  • Scan the material to see what lies ahead.
  • Consider the context for the assignment.
  • Consider the length of the reading assignment and
    estimate how long it will take.
  • Consider the structure and features of the
    reading to help you digest the material.
  • Consider the difficulty and plan your time

  • Review to remember the main points of the
  • Test yourself on your comprehension.
  • Some ways to review
  • notes
  • study questions
  • flash cards
  • visual maps
  • outlines
  • Make reviewing every week a study goal.

Reviewing is an excellent memory aid.
  • Skimming covers the content at a general level.
  • It involves reading at about twice your normal
  • Focuses on introductory statements, topic
    sentences and boldface terms.
  • Provides the chance for you to see what kind of
    information the assignment contains
  • Enables you to gather the surface ideas if you
    dont have enough time to read deeply.

Active Reading
Right! Get involved in reading!
Read us the story about the wolf
  • Use it to avoid empty readingreading then
    realizing that no information has come across.
  • Focus on identifying the main ideas and on
    understanding how supporting points reinforce
    those ideas.
  • In other words, get really interested involved!

Analytic Reading
  • Reading at a more intense level.
  • Involves breaking ideas open and digging
    underneath their surface.
  • Enables you to try to spot flaws in the writers
  • Promotes a comparison of the work to other works.
  • Should involve questioning the author and
  • In other words, active skepticism with a purpose

Highlighting Text
emphasize recognize!
  • Highlight
  • Topic sentences, Key words, Conclusions
  • But watch out!
  • Highlighting too much can cause you to re-read
    everything because you dont know whats
  • Highlighting doesnt show you why you
    highlighted something
  • You need to have the entire text with you to

Important Points About College Reading
Take that! Unworthy adversary of reading!
  • Instructors do NOT always cover the reading
    material in lecture.
  • You are expected to read the material and
    understand it on your own.
  • Successful students complete assigned readings
    before class to help them understand the lecture.
  • Connections and overlaps between lecture and
    reading reinforce learning.
  • Also, reading ahead prevents you from being
    embarrassed when you are called on to discuss
    what youve read!

A Summary of Strategies to Improve Reading
  • Practice a positive attitude.
  • Make the author your companion.
  • Pace yourself according to difficulty level.
  • Take breaks to restore concentration.
  • Read other sources if the reading is confusing.
  • Build your vocabulary.
  • Work on reading faster.

Great readers make great students!